NoR sponsored projects
The following projects have received full or partial funding for cloud/platform services. The population of the list is ongoing.
|Project||Organisation||Country||Description/Objectives||Project Report||Full text|
|A hybrid method for Crustal Deformation and Sub-surface Characterization: A combined gravimetric and SAR Interferometry approach||University of Lagos,Lagos||Nigeria||This study intends to estimate crustal deformation in the form of land subsidence from vertical displacement and velocity [...]||Not yet available|
This study intends to estimate crustal deformation in the form of land subsidence from vertical displacement and velocity maps from SAR products and investigate sub-surface processes using gravity modelling techniques (2D modelling from GOCE products). Sub-surface structures are being modelled from gravity anomalies, and the displacement map from SAR differential interferograms will be obtained from the GEP platform. Although this study is limited by the absence of subsidence rates and uplifts, Bouguer anomaly data from the GOCE satellite data repository was acquired and separated into residual and regional anomalies. Forward modelling of sub-surface structures was achieved from residual Bouguer anomaly, while delineation of faults was done from the total horizontal derivatives of the gravity anomaly. The approach in this study will contribute to the knowledge base on remote sensing applications for crustal deformation studies in sedimentary basins within Nigeria and Africa as a whole.
|A Region-Wide, Multi-Year Set of Crop Field Boundary Labels for Sub-Saharan Africa||Farmerline, Spatial Collective, Clark University (implementing||Ghana||A major challenge facing African agriculture is the lack of field boundary (i.e. parcel) maps. Field boundary maps provide [...]||Not yet available|
A major challenge facing African agriculture is the lack of field boundary (i.e. parcel) maps. Field boundary maps provide the foundations for understanding the characteristics and extents of agricultural systems and how these are changing. This information is essential to organizations that provide services that smallholder farmers need to improve their yields and access to markets, and to adapt to a rapidly changing climate. This project will develop a comprehensive, high-quality set of labels digitized on PlanetScope imagery over Africa intended for training generalizable, regionwide field boundary mapping models, and for refining and validating models for specific regions and years. The labels will be freely available under a Creative Commons license and hosted on Radiant MLHub, from where they will be easily ingested into machine learning pipelines. To date, no such labeled dataset exists, despite the growing interest across the public and private sectors in mapping field boundaries in Africa.
|A scalable and affordable EO solution for SDG 11.1.1 reporting in the sub-topic “EARTH OBSERVATION FOR INFORMAL SETTLEMENT MAPPING”||University of Twente||Netherlands (the)||The primary objective of this project is to develop, implement, validate and showcase advanced AI-based methods to [...]||Not yet available|
The primary objective of this project is to develop, implement, validate and showcase advanced AI-based methods to automatically map and characterize the spatial extent of slums from Earth Observation (EO) data. This objective is framed and informed by data needs of national and local governments, as well as the civil society, to monitor progress on SDG indicator 11.1.1 on the proportion of the urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing. Furthermore, the objective is linked to the information needs of a diverse group of stakeholders that engage in understanding and improving local living conditions.
|Adoption of agriculture technology in Alito Farm||Lentera Africa||Kenya||The objective of this project is to provide training and high-resolution NDVI and NDMI maps to facilitators of the Alito [...]||Not yet available|
The objective of this project is to provide training and high-resolution NDVI and NDMI maps to facilitators of the Alito Training Center in Uganda (who manages the Alito Farm) in order to optimize farm inputs, maximize yields, and to promote sustainable agriculture practices.
|Advancing the delivery of national mapping applications and tools for Avocado||University of New England||Australia||The objectives of the project are:|
• Continue to update the Web base Mapping Applications with improved accuracy and [...]
|Not yet available|
The objectives of the project are:
|AFRI-SMART EO-Africa multi-scale agricultural water management||Politecnico di Milano||Italy||Investigate (propose a solution) how sustainable agriculture can be achieved in the African continent under drought [...]||Not yet available|
Investigate (propose a solution) how sustainable agriculture can be achieved in the African continent under drought conditions by co-developing innovative scientific EO-based and state-of-the-art modelling solutions with African experts. The project aims at increasing experts’ knowledge and capacity, developing an operative platform and database for results visualization and sharing with endusers.
|AGEO project- Platform for Atlantic Geohazard Risk Management||Instituto Geológico y Minero de España||Spain||As part of AGEO-INTERREG project, several Citizens' Observatory pilots on geohazards (landslides, rockfalls, floods, peat [...]||Not yet available|
As part of AGEO-INTERREG project, several Citizens’ Observatory pilots on geohazards (landslides, rockfalls, floods, peat movements, earthquakes, coastal hazards, geotechical risks) are being launched in France, Portugal, Spain, Ireland and UK. The use of EO processed products will be useful to analyze the hazard as a process through the estimation of deformation rates, flooded areas and geomorphological parameters, which will be extremely useful in the risk management tasks. Moreover, AGEO aims to encourage the local use of innovative EO products and services provided by European data infrastructures.
|Agrinoze Imagery Data Integration||Agrinoze||Israel||Farms invest time and money to improve yields, but available solutions help by only 10-30% and are insufficient for rising [...]||Not yet available|
Farms invest time and money to improve yields, but available solutions help by only 10-30% and are insufficient for rising food demand. Our company provides the first autonomous irrigation and fertigation system with recorded yield improvements of 200%+ and significant water and nutrient conservation enabled by a proprietary soil optimization algorithm. Our AI solution continuously collects real-time plant and soil data, determines precise irrigation and fertigation commands, and executes them on demand to maintain an ideal soil environment around the clock. Farms using Agrinoze can implement unique agrotechnical, and regenerative farming approaches incompatible with typical irrigation regimes, minimizing environmental and economic costs of food production. Agrinoze transforms farms into efficient and profitable local producers while paving a sustainable path to global food security. Access to satellite imagery will help us further optimize Agrinoze’s monitoring capabilities, leading to more significant yield improvements and resource-use efficiency. We are looking to implement satellite imagery to increase accuracy in two main areas:
|AI in the service of agriculture||Hushallninhssallskapet Service AB||Sweden||Objectives: Agriculture is one of the few sectors that humanity can not live without, where the climate impact is large (20% [...]||Not yet available|
Objectives: Agriculture is one of the few sectors that humanity can not live without, where the climate impact is large (20% of total emissions in Sweden) and furthermore assumed to be difficult to do something about it. However, increased agricultural productivity, i.e. more photosynthesis, results in positive climate effects which IPCC does not fully count. Huge amounts of CO2 are caught by crops that, in turn, generate huge amounts of O2. The yearly agriculture carbon dioxide binding capacity is approximately 15 tons per hectare (crop harvest, straw and roots) The operational understanding of what really happens in a field when crops are growing are clearly lacking in spite of the tremendous amounts of data that modern agriculture equipment is gathering. This results in suboptimal decisions for land use, crop selection, machine usage, fertilization and irrigation for both economic productivity and the climate. Remarkable is that the very detailed harvest data (measurements every fifth second) which have been collected by harvesters for many years is hardly used for operational feedback at least not in Sweden. The project will use AI to quantify limiting agriculture factors, to optimize crop growth in a climate beneficial way and long-term agriculture productivity. Hushållningssällskapets existing
|AI4FOOD||VITO||Belgium||The AI4FOOD project investigates advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) techniques to develop new [...]||Not yet available|
The AI4FOOD project investigates advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) techniques to develop new algorithms for the creation of fused (with a focus on Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 optical) continuous data streams and evaluate aspects such as time series predictability over different land environments. A consortium of industry experts on data fusion and time series techniques, and open-source implementation and operational service provision to users do this. Within AI4FOOD, the consortium strives to create an open-source, modular, extensible, and reusable toolbox called fuseTS. To support the fusion of complementary EO data streams and time series analytics, relevant algorithms will be integrated into the toolbox as a service.
|AI4Whales||CGI Deutschland B.V. & Co. KG||Germany||As part of our Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, we are working on a use case concerning whales. Overall, this use [...]||Not yet available|
As part of our Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, we are working on a use case concerning whales. Overall, this use case would like to support remote detection of the whales and enable a lower rate of collision between whales and ships, to safeguard these whales. Whales are one of the most important species of and for our ecosystem. Yet, humans are primarily responsible for endangering this species, as many whales die from collisions with ships that cross their seasonal paths. We intend to automatically detect the whales’ locations by using AI algorithms within VHR satellite imagery and, depending on the training data quality, to detect the species of it. For training data, we have the logs of a few organizations that are also freely available. Manual detection of these animals in vast areas through satellite imagery is time-consuming and prone to error. By utilizing VHR satellite imagery of different areas, especially in the regions that whales usually cross, we want to identify the location of whales (in near-real time). After detecting their location, this information would be communicated to ship captains and respective organizations. Through this, we want to decrease the number of collisions and contribute to saving the species of whales and ensure their existence. Through our use case, we want to contribute indirectly to maintaining and improving our fragile ocean ecosystem.
|AIRS||TeroMovigo - Earth Innovation Lda||Portugal||Our Agriculture Innovation using Remote Sensing (AIRS) project intends to combine the areas of artificial intelligence and [...]||Not yet available|
Our Agriculture Innovation using Remote Sensing (AIRS) project intends to combine the areas of artificial intelligence and remote sensing to create a technological solution to monitor the grape leaves in vineyards using satellite images obtained by the European Space Agency. The correct assessment of these variables allows for sustained decisions to be made with an impact on the management of agricultural areas. Furthermore, implementing precision agriculture practices enables the reduction of pesticides and waste or irrigation water, resulting in a more sustainable agricultural system and the development of rural communities. The AIRS project’s innovation consists of using artificial intelligence to use high-resolution images acquired by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to increase the resolution of images coming from the Sentinel-2 satellite. The project foresees the implementation in the vineyards of the members of Adega Cooperativa de Pinhel, with the results later made available to the agricultural community through an online platform.
|Analysis of the risk of subsidence of peripheral archaeological areas||University of Rome Tor Vergata||Italy||The project is part of the broader research activity currently underway for the archaeological areas of Gabii and Villa [...]||Not yet available|
The project is part of the broader research activity currently underway for the archaeological areas of Gabii and Villa Adriana, carried out by the University of Rome Tor Vergata. Although numerically abundant, the preservation of the archaeological sites on the outskirts of the town is often placed in the background compared to that of the “central” archaeological areas. However, natural phenomena linked to normal soil transformation processes are often accelerated by atmospheric phenomena caused by ongoing climate change. The risk of hydrogeological disruption of many ancient sites is one of these. The archaeological area of Gabii, active from the Iron Age to late antiquity, is an excellent example. It is mainly located along a ridge of tuff rock that bordered an ancient lake. It is currently in a precarious geomorphological situation, already witnessed by traces of visible lesions on the ground. Therefore, the study is necessary for three purposes:
|Application of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) and remote||WATER School||Algeria||As part of the understanding of the hydraulic behavior of the condo river and especially in the lower reach , as well as the [...]||Not yet available|
As part of the understanding of the hydraulic behavior of the condo river and especially in the lower reach , as well as the protection of islands in this area, this study also aims environmental and economic aspects in the area , as it is already known, the pool Malebo is a strategic area concerning river transport (navigation), irrigation and agriculture, fishing, etc the protection of the morphological degradation of they is also one of the challenges in this work , for this purpose our study aims to master all the scientific information on the hydraulic and hydrological level in order to serve other economic activity and
|Application of InSAR for Himalayan glacial lakes||TU Delft||Netherlands (The)||For my master thesis I am investigating the application of InSAR for glacial lakes in the Himalaya. In order to check the [...]||Not yet available|
For my master thesis I am investigating the application of InSAR for glacial lakes in the Himalaya. In order to check the InSAR results I am using optical imagery – sentinel 2, which is why I would like access to the sentinel hub.
|Archaeology prospection in UNited Arab Emirated||University of Dubai||United Arab Emirates (The)||Archaeological prospection in Saruq al hadid is of significant interest to find the complete story of prehistoric settlements [...]||Not yet available|
Archaeological prospection in Saruq al hadid is of significant interest to find the complete story of prehistoric settlements lived in Dubai, United arab emirates. Located at 50 km in the southeast of Dubai at the north of al Rub’al khali desert, Saruq al Hadid (SA) archaeological site is discovered since 2002. More than 15 000 artifacts have been identified after more than 20 excavations. The location of this site in the middle of desert between the dunes is mysterious because there is no available close freshwater critical for human survival and raw material sources critical for metallurgical industry. The use of remote sensing satellite high resolution radar and multispectral images enhance widely the possibilities of archaeological prospection. This project aims to prescreen potential buried archaeological sites in that desert region. This work is the first attempt made until now in evaluating the detectability of archaeological remains using satellite images data in United Arab Emirates. The outcomes are important to guide and help the excavation missions and the archaeologist for the planning of future excavation campaigns.
|ArchAI: Using satelllite imagery to detect archeology through crop stress||ArchAI||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland (the)||At ArchAI, we use ΑΙ to detect archaeological sites on LiDAR and satellite imagery automatically. We have shown the success [...]||Not yet available|
At ArchAI, we use ΑΙ to detect archaeological sites on LiDAR and satellite imagery automatically. We have shown the success of this technology with LiDAR data, detecting thousands of previously unknown sites, and our customers include the Forestry Commission and the National Trust. On LiDAR, we specifically look for earthworks (humbs and bumps in the landscape). However, most housing development occurs on farmland where ploughing has levelled earthworks, and satellite imagery is a more reliable source. In addition, archaeology is revealed on satellite imagery in agricultural fields through crop stress revealing sub-soil walls and ditches. Innovations in Satellite imagery have increased the frequency of high-resolution (<1m) information, meaning that a sufficiently trained ΑΙ can now derive archaeology from big data.
|ARSET – Crop Mapping using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Optical Remote Sensing||University of Ljubljana||Slovenia||ARSET - Crop Mapping using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Optical Remote Sensing is a collaboration between ARSET, [...]||Not yet available|
ARSET – Crop Mapping using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Optical Remote Sensing is a collaboration between ARSET, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), European Space Agency (ESA), University of Stirling, University of Ljubljana, and the CEOS Working Group on Capacity Building & Data Democracy (WGCapD). NASA’s Applied Remote Sensing Training Program (ARSET) has opened a new online advanced webinar series: Crop Mapping using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Optical Remote Sensing. This three-part training is open to the public and builds on previous ARSET agricultural trainings. Here we present more advanced radar remote sensing techniques using polarimetry and a canopy structure dynamic model to monitor crop growth. The training will also cover methods that use machine learning methods to classify crop types using a time series of Sentinel-1 & Sentinel-2 imagery. This series will include practical exercises using the Sentinel Application Platform (SNAP) and Python code written in Python Jupyter Notebooks, a web-based interactive development environment for scientific computing and machine learning.
|Assessing Deforestation in Africa||Olam||Singapore||The objective of the project is to focus on sustainable resources in Africa, assessing deforestation in countries like Gabon, [...]||Not yet available|
The objective of the project is to focus on sustainable resources in Africa, assessing deforestation in countries like Gabon, Ivory Coast, Uganda etc. This will help in understanding the potential risk of deforestation and high risk areas, so that we can take necessary measures to manage the phenomenon. Moreover, this will help us as a company to attain our sustainable goals for the future.
|Assessment of wave power using high resolution products the Atlantic side of France||ESA/ESRIN||Italy||The objective of our study is to use high-resolution satellite altimetry to assess wave renewable energy potential on the [...]||Not yet available|
The objective of our study is to use high-resolution satellite altimetry to assess wave renewable energy potential on the French coasts, with a particular focus on the coastal zone where the energy can be cropped. The novelty is to take advantage of the increased temporal and spatial coverage of high-resolution satellite altimetry data products from the Sentinel-3 mission and use the SAMOSA+ state-of-the-art retracker (Dinardo et al. 2018, Dinardo 2020). This retracker, differently from the SAMOSA2 retracker currently adopted for the generation of the official Sentinel-3 WAT products, allows obtaining more valid geophysical estimates near the coast where contaminated data are typically acquired. Moreover, the customisable processing options available at the SAR processing level and quality flags provided in SARvatore products can be efficiently used to refine the analysis and for filtering purposes to strengthen the analysis. The study period shall cover 1 December 2018 to 30 July 2022 to provide sufficient data to perform the study and indicate possible limitations. An assessment of the wave energy potential will be given for the coastal zone, which is characterised by high energy swell generated by remote westerly wind systems, which is also affected by the strong wave-current interactions that take place in the area where tidal currents are of the order of 2 m/s. The feasibility of high-resolution satellite altimetry-based assessment of wave renewable energy potential in the coastal zone is examined, taking advantage of the increased time and spatial coverage guaranteed by the Sentinel-3 high-resolution satellite altimetry data.
|Automated Parcel Delineation||ICRISAT-Senegal||Senegal||Agricultural field delineation is desirable for the operational monitoring of agricultural production and is essential to [...]||Not yet available|
Agricultural field delineation is desirable for the operational monitoring of agricultural production and is essential to support food security; however, due to sizeable within-class variance of pixel values and small inter-class differences, automated field delineation remains challenging. Analyzing high spatial resolution Remote Sensing data permits the delineation of farm boundaries. Accurate delineation of farm boundaries is essential for planning and decision-making actions. First, it enables a better estimation of cropland area, which is important information for farmers and agricultural managers (e.g., ministries and private sector players). Farmers often use traditional measurement approaches to estimate the area of their farms, which sometimes leads to high under- or over-estimation. Accurate knowledge of farm boundaries (and, therefore, cropland area) will lead to efficient use of farm inputs such as seeds, fertilizers and pesticides. They may also help to optimize harvest logistics. Second, accurate information on farm boundaries can facilitate land registration and subsequent acquisition of land use rights for smallholder farmers (through a land tenure information system). Farmers, communities and the private sector are mostly deterred from investing in land resources due to unclear land use rights in rural areas. Developing an accurate parcel system through high spatial resolution remote sensing data is an essential first step towards creating a land tenure information system and, potentially, a land taxation scheme. Such a system will reduce land-related conflicts and encourage increased investment in agriculture. It can also improve farmer access to inputs and credits. Third, delineating farm field boundaries can improve crop type classification using object-based image analysis (OBIA) procedures.
|Automatic 3D surface reconstruction using modern techniques||Researcher||United States of America (the)||Digital Surface Models (DSMs) are digital representations of the Earth's surface that can be created using various [...]||Not yet available|
Digital Surface Models (DSMs) are digital representations of the Earth’s surface that can be created using various technologies, such as aerial or satellite imagery, LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), or photogrammetry. Some typical digital surface model applications include urban planning, Agriculture, Natural resource management, Disaster response, Surveying and Mapping, Environmental monitoring, Archaeology and cultural heritage and Telecommunication. DSMs have a wide range of applications in various fields, and their usefulness is only expected to grow as technology advances. DSMs have the potential to benefit a wide range of stakeholders, including government agencies, businesses, farmers, environmental organizations, researchers, and educators. As an example Agricultural companies and farmers: DSMs can be used to monitor crop health and yield, as well as to plan irrigation and drainage systems, which can help increase efficiency and reduce costs. Satellite data can be a valuable source of information for generating DSMs, particularly for areas where ground-based data collection is difficult or impractical. Some potential benefits of using satellite data for generating DSMs are Wide coverage, Consistency, Timeliness, Cost-effective, and Remote areas. Unfortunately, some people in the above industries believe that only UAVs can answer their needs. Such a belief will limit satellite data usage, which will negatively affect the satellite data market. However, it is possible to produce higher-quality products using newer techniques like deep artificial networks. So this project’s initial goal is to make high-quality elevation models using high-resolution data (like 30 cm resolution and 50 cm resolution). Undoubtedly, high-quality products will change the attitude of different industries to satellite data and will positively affect the market.
|Automatic detection of changes in building stock through the use of satellite||University of Applied Sciences||Germany||This master's degree project carried out by the University of Applied Sciences aims to improve the quality of cadastral data [...]||Report|
This master’s degree project carried out by the University of Applied Sciences aims to improve the quality of cadastral data provided by governmental institutions. Exports of cadastral data provided by European countries provide accurate geospatial information about the location and geometry of buildings. This freely accessible data is used by researchers, companies and private individuals to perform analyses and evaluations that form the basis for decisions regarding the expansion of urban regions. While the data is of high quality in terms of geometric dimension, it is published at such long intervals that it reflects reality only to a limited extent, as there is a likelihood that changes in the building stock have taken place over time. The research aims to provide the missing component of temporal resolution using satellite data that has been consulted and to determine which buildings have been removed and which entries in the database are no longer representative. Applying the product to the dataset will maximize confidence in the data and provide end users with an approximation of the actual state. At the same time, users performing address-specific queries can be provided with an estimate of how far the answer can be trusted. Similarly, the models produced will be made available to government institutions so that, even before publication, there is an indication of where there have been demolitions of buildings and where construction work has taken place that may not yet be recorded in the database. The project serves as a support to the OpenData initiative of the EU, which enables a variety of different use cases regarding urban planning, energy-efficient construction and other areas in the building sector.
|Availability of public green open space and its relation to thermal comfort level||Universitas Negeri Semarang||Indonesia||This research is one of the requirements to complete my studies at the State University of Semarang. The theme I took was the [...]||Not yet available|
This research is one of the requirements to complete my studies at the State University of Semarang. The theme I took was the relationship between green open space and the level of thermal comfort, especially in the city centre of Semarang. Semarang City is one of the metropolitan cities in Indonesia with a high population density and, thus, a significant level of urban development. Continued development reduces green open spaces, even though these are crucial to improve the urban microclimate. This research aims at providing information to maintain the availability of green open spaces in Semarang City.
|AVL – SEN4CAP CCN 1 (Workshop-Panta Rhei)||UCLouvain||Belgium||The workshop within the CCN 1 of the Agricultural Virtual Laboratory (AVL) aims to provide a good understanding and first [...]||Not yet available|
The workshop within the CCN 1 of the Agricultural Virtual Laboratory (AVL) aims to provide a good understanding and first hands-on training. The Sen4CAP project developed, validated and demonstrated an open-source toolbox (Sen4CAP system), which can automatically process Sentinel-1 SLC and Sentinel-2 L1C or L2A time series into a set of products relevant to the new Common Agricultural Policy. The primary users of this toolbox are national Agencies (and/or their sub-contractors specialized in EO), but also the private sector and researchers. The Sen4CAP project entirely relies on CREODIAS for the EO processing. The Panta Rhei conference aims to facilitate knowledge transfer between the agencies. This opportunity is unique to express the importance of the Sen4CAP system to its primary users. The workshop will focus on two main aspects:
|Benchmarking of the EOStat crop type classification with Sen4CAP||The Agency for Restructuring and||Poland||The main objective of the project is to use the DaaS service provided by the CREODIAS environment to run the Sen4CAP system [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of the project is to use the DaaS service provided by the CREODIAS environment to run the Sen4CAP system to:
|Better tree species mapping using UAV and Sentinel data||Univ. of Eastern Finland||Finland||Accurate information pertaining to the spatial distribution of various tree species in a forest stand is crucial for better [...]||Not yet available|
Accurate information pertaining to the spatial distribution of various tree species in a forest stand is crucial for better monitoring and management of boreal forests. Such wall-to-wall information is lacking from field-based forest inventories. Meanwhile, remote sensing techniques based on satellite and
|BLACK SEA AND DANUBE REGIONAL INITIATIVE APPLICATIONS – Priority Application – Domain B: Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Agriculture and Forestry||GISAT s.r.o.||Czechia||The primary objectives of the project are to: |
• Support definition and cooperative implementation of Danube and Black [...]
|Not yet available|
The primary objectives of the project are to:
|BugBit Platform||PRIOT d.o.o.||Slovenia||Bark beetle outbreaks are a significant problem in the EU, causing more than 3 billion euros worth of damage to forests each [...]||Not yet available|
Bark beetle outbreaks are a significant problem in the EU, causing more than 3 billion euros worth of damage to forests each year. Climate change is making this problem worse, as dry and warmer weather conditions are causing the beetles to multiply rapidly. Unfortunately, large forest owners and government bodies are struggling to spot outbreaks on time, and there are no effective prevention measures.
|C-SCALE Copernicus eoSC AnaLytics Engine – WP5 Training||EGI Foundation||Netherlands (the)||The EU Copernicus programme has established itself globally as the predominant spatial data provider, through the provision [...]||Not yet available|
The EU Copernicus programme has established itself globally as the predominant spatial data provider, through the provision of massive streams of high resolution earth observation (EO) data. These data are used in environmental monitoring and climate change applications supporting European policy initiatives, such as the Green Deal and others. To date, there is no single European processing back-end that serves all datasets of interest, and Europe is falling behind international developments in big data analytics and computing. This situation limits the integration of these data in science and monitoring applications, particularly when expanding the applications to regional, continental, and global scales.
|Canopy height from spaceborne sequential imagery using deep learning with calibrated||Aristotle University of Thessaloniki||Greece||"BACKGROUND: Canopy height is a fundamental geometric tree parameter in supporting sustainable forest management. Apart from [...]||Not yet available|
“BACKGROUND: Canopy height is a fundamental geometric tree parameter in supporting sustainable forest management. Apart from the standard height measurement method using LiDAR instruments, other airborne measurement techniques, such as very high-resolution passive airborne imaging, have also shown to provide accurate estimations. However, both methods suffer from high cost and cannot be regularly repeated.
|Cave system mapping||GEUS||Denmark||The overall project aim is to access karst caves in remote places in Greenland and sample the speleothems (mineral [...]||Not yet available|
The overall project aim is to access karst caves in remote places in Greenland and sample the speleothems (mineral precipitates on cave walls). From these can be extracted geochemical signals that relates to climatic variations at that location. The image analysis is to be used for planning a field expedition in the summer 2023. The main purpose of the field expedition is to collect speleothems from caves in East Greenland to provide unique data about climate variations in Greenland prior to the time interval covered by data from the Greenland ice-cores (~ 130.000 years). Such data are valuable for calibrating and improving climate models, especially for the Arctic region and the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS). Traditionally the climate models rely on calibration data from marine sediment cores and ice cores. Recent developments in a suite of techniques (stable isotopes, radiometric dating, etc.) have provided scientists unprecedented opportunities to advance the understanding of mineral deposits in caves (so-called speleothems), although nearly exclusively such studies focused on temperate and subtropical regions (Fairchild & Baker 2012; Wong & Breecker 2015; Comas-Bru et al. 2020). Data from the Arctic are rare and until now only one single example from northern Greenland has been published (Moseley et al. 2021), covering a time-window of ~50,000 years dated at around 550,000 years ago. Additional data from Greenland cave speleothems may provide a better understanding of climate changes through the very important period from 2.5 million to 130,000 years ago including Pleistocene glaciations and interglacials, and will thereby serve to narrow uncertainty in the future predictions of the Arctic climate and the fate of the GIS under the progressively warming world. In order to plan and optimise fieldwork, satellite images will be used for the initial mapping of potential locations for cave entrances. The geochemical analysis data will be made publicly available and the results will be published.
|CCN1: European Continental Crop Map||EODC||Austria||The European Continental Crop Map is a machine learning-based crop map that contains six crop types (summer cereals, winter [...]||Not yet available|
The European Continental Crop Map is a machine learning-based crop map that contains six crop types (summer cereals, winter cereals, maize, potato, sugar beet and winter rapeseed). Vito developed it using the openEO Platform. The map was created for a year at a spatial resolution of 10x10m. The map is based on Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data, more specifically on time steps and basic statistics (standard deviation, percentiles) for B6, B12, VV, VH, VV/VH ratio, and seven indices (NDVI, NDMI, NDGI, ANIR, NDRE1, NDRE2 and NDRE5). The map is created using a Catboost model trained using GridSearch, using the LPIS dataset for training and testing.
|Cloud Mask Intercomparison eXercise II||Brockmann Consult GmbH||Germany||CMIX II is the second edition of the joined ESA and NASA Cloud Mask Intercomparison eXercise activity in the frame of CEOS [...]||Not yet available|
CMIX II is the second edition of the joined ESA and NASA Cloud Mask Intercomparison eXercise activity in the frame of CEOS WGCV. It is an international collaborative effort aimed at intercomparing cloud detection algorithms for moderate-spatial resolution (10-30 m) spaceborne optical sensors. The focus of CMIX is on open and free imagery acquired by the Landsat 8 (NASA/USGS) and Sentinel-2 (ESA) missions.
|Coastal erosion||Geological Survey Ireland||Ireland||The objectives of the project include the feasibility study on the use of VHR optical data for coastal erosion studies and [...]||Not yet available|
The objectives of the project include the feasibility study on the use of VHR optical data for coastal erosion studies and the production of coastal erosion rates from VHR optical data for selected areas along the north Dublin coastline. The results will be shared over the GSI web mapping services for free as an example of the use of VHR to monitor coastal erosion.
|Coastal Erosion Rates in County Wicklow||Geological Survey Ireland||Ireland||The goal of the project is the measure coastal erosion/shoreline change rates along the County Wicklow coastline in Ireland. [...]||Not yet available|
The goal of the project is the measure coastal erosion/shoreline change rates along the County Wicklow coastline in Ireland. The results of the project will allow us to give an up to date, accurate, and relevant synopsis of how the soft sediment coastline of Wicklow in the east of Ireland has changed over the last
|Coastal typology Europe||Deltares / TU Delft||Netherlands (The)||In this project, it is proposed to create a high resolution (<10m) coastal typology of the European coastline, which [...]||Not yet available|
In this project, it is proposed to create a high resolution (<10m) coastal typology of the European coastline, which distinguishes land use / cover classes relevant to coastal flooding and erosion. During this sponsorship we will develop a methodology to classify the satellite imagery. Upon success we will scale this to the whole European coastline.
|Connecting sea level heights from radar altimetry with shoreline changes from||University of Twente||Netherlands (The)||The coastal zone and its shorelines are potentially affected by sea level rise in the changing climate. However, shoreline [...]||Not yet available|
The coastal zone and its shorelines are potentially affected by sea level rise in the changing climate. However, shoreline changes are affected not only by absolute sea level rise but also by morphological changes and vertical land motion. So far, the individual contributions of these groups of shoreline changing processes are unclear. This thesis aims to separate these processes by quantifying their effects on shoreline changes. This project will use observations of retracted coastal radar altimetry, as applied here, and compare them with shoreline changes from optical remote sensing observations. Complementary data sets like tide gauges and GNSS observations will also be employed. The goal is to produce a time-variable shoreline attributed to sea level rise and morphological changes. This is initially done for a focus region (Terschelling, the Netherlands), but the methods will ultimately be applied worldwide.
|Coupled Natural and Anthropogenic Influences on Surface Deformation Processes: Implications on Inland and Coastal Hazards||Texas Christian University||United States of America (the)||More than half of the U.S. population resides on or within 50 miles of the coast, even though coastal zones constitute only [...]||Not yet available|
More than half of the U.S. population resides on or within 50 miles of the coast, even though coastal zones constitute only 18% of the total U.S. land area. The combined effects of natural and anthropogenic activities/processes alter the morphology of these land surfaces, increasing the threat of steady inundation from SLR and the possibility of sudden and abrupt flooding and erosion emanating from storm surges/high tides. Even outside the coastal environments, largely anthropogenic activity-driven surface deformation processes are gravely endangering human lives and infrastructure. The proposed study area, Southern United States and portions of the (north and east) Gulf of Mexico coast, despite being largely tectonically stable, is experiencing subtle surface deformation and change mainly attributed to human activity-driven (anthropogenic) processes and a lesser degree due to glacial isostatic adjustment processes. With the documented increasing recurrence and intensity of natural disasters mainly due to anthropogenic-led alterations to the environment and climate change, an integrated research approach based on various datasets and novel techniques would be beneficial for monitoring the occurrences and impacts as inducing processes that initiated their circumstances. The proposed study aims to quantify surface deformation processes using fused satellite- and ground-based datasets and generate a complete deformation field of the study area. The temporal deformation patterns will be assessed to detect precursory hazard indicators crucial for developing hazard early warning systems. In addition, the factors and processes that directly or indirectly contribute to the occurrence of the hazards will be determined. Who will benefit from the project results: Communities, policymakers.
|Critical Spatial Data Science Education||Hacettepe University||Turkey||Previous research in a GIS Programming course requested teams of 2-3 students to develop a state-of-the-practice QGIS plugin [...]||Not yet available|
Previous research in a GIS Programming course requested teams of 2-3 students to develop a state-of-the-practice QGIS plugin (Anbaro#lu 2021). Consequently, students relied on Git to collaborate with each other while developing their plugins, did unit testing, provided language support and documented their plugins using Sphinx. Although, students learned valuable technical and practical skills, in order to have a critical spatial data science perspective, more theory should be integrated into teaching (Holler 2019, Kedron et al 2020). Therefore, the objectives of this experiment is to investigate how students utilise an open-source Python package, x2Polygons, to find the distance between georeferenced polygons. For this each student will digitise a number of polygons, with varying complexity – in terms of the number of edges each building possess and evaluate how different distance measures such as the Hausdorff distance; Chamfer distance, PoLiS distance (Avbelj et al 2021) and turn function distance correlate with each other. In this way, they will be able to assess the advantages and limitations of different distance measures.
|Crop mapping and yield forecasting for Ukraine||National Technical University of||Ukraine||The project's main objective is to use the IaaS service provided by the CREODIAS environment to classify crops and predict [...]||Not yet available|
The project’s main objective is to use the IaaS service provided by the CREODIAS environment to classify crops and predict yields based on satellite and meteorological data available in the EO data repository. The secondary objective is to provide the generated results to the ESA WorldCereal project and the EO4UA initiative.
|crop monitoring based on remote sensing data for food security||There is not any organization behind||Tunisia||The project aims to provide a service based on satellite and weather data to satisfy farmers' needs. Several segments of the [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to provide a service based on satellite and weather data to satisfy farmers’ needs. Several segments of the market can benefit from this service. Mainly and firstly, the target is farmers. Farmers can use this service via web-based or mobile applications and a lot of helpful information about their farmland and make more optimized decisions that use pesticides and similar inputs. In this way, not only does the farmer benefit because of lower consumption of such inputs(which will pay off the cost of the service), but they also will experience a higher crop performance. The second segment interested in the product is the insurance service providers. We can provide precious information based on satellite image analysis to them. Furthermore, we can help them to handle claims because we know what has happened to the farmland.
|Crop performance forecasting using multi-sources satellite data||UMR TETIS (INRAE)||France||The main objective of this project is to study the complementarity of spatial optical imaging, structural information from [...]||Report|
The main objective of this project is to study the complementarity of spatial optical imaging, structural information from Synthetic Apertuge Radar (SAR) and environmental characterization data to model maize and sunflower seed production by aggregating these observations of different spatial and temporal resolutions. The thesis work will be based on Syngenta’s plot network in several parts of Europe and North America, where some varieties of maize and sunflower are evaluated under different environmental conditions.
|Cropsense||Xylem - Science and Technology||Austria||This project aims to develop methods for satellite-, model- and AI-based yield forecasting of crops in the context of [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to develop methods for satellite-, model- and AI-based yield forecasting of crops in the context of Austrian agriculture. To achieve the project goal, the following technologies and methods will be combined or further developed:
|Crustal deformation monitoring using InSAR||Institute of Seismology||China||Many strong active faults have developed within the Tibet Plateau, Tienshan and its adjacent regions, forming multiple [...]||Not yet available|
Many strong active faults have developed within the Tibet Plateau, Tienshan and its adjacent regions, forming multiple seismic zones due to the collision and continuous extrusion wedging between the Indian and Eurasia plates. Those faults directly control the spatial distribution of severe disaster zones in mega-seismic areas. But the lack of quantified descriptions of geology and geodesy in this area makes it very limited to understand its geophysical environment and rupture process of active faults. This study focuses on strong active fault zones in Western China, especially in the central Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Tienshan region. GPS and InSAR will be used to monitor the crustal deformation and to derive an accurate 3D velocity map of the area. We expect to densify the existing GPS network, form several profiles across those active faults, and then integrate the GPS and InSAR measurements to derive the velocity maps and geometry of different segments of the faults, cooperating with geology and geophysics data. It can elaborate the advantages of two means and get the fine fault monitoring and structure analysis to reveal the graben deformation characteristics, tectonics, deformation pattern and evolution mechanism of the studied regions. Finally, we will inverse the lock depth of different segments and investigate the relationship between crustal deformation features and strong earthquakes and the relationship between the lock depth and deep structure. It will improve the ability of earthquake forecast by revealing the kinematics pattern and dynamics and dynamics background of the continent deformation in China and its adjacent regions.
|Danube Data Cube||Sciences (MATE) Applications and Climate Department||Hungary||Danube Data Cube (DDC) is a regional data exploitation platform built on and follows the logic of the Euro Data Cube (EDC) [...]||Not yet available|
Danube Data Cube (DDC) is a regional data exploitation platform built on and follows the logic of the Euro Data Cube (EDC) infrastructure, a computational environment reflecting the Digital Twin Earth concept of the European Space Agency to support sustainable development. DDC is a cloud-based platform with data and analysis tools focusing on the Danube Basin. As a regional platform service, it demonstrates the data cube technology’s data storage and analysis capabilities, maximizing the benefit of the synergy of satellite and ancillary data with dedicated analysis tools. The DDC concept includes extensive Machine Learning capabilities, including analytical tasks and decision support algorithms. One of the key themes of the platform is water management, from regional strategy and public information to field-level irrigation management.
|Danube Data Cube||Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE)||Hungary||This project is the second phase of the Danube Data Cube.|
DDC is a regional data exploitation platform built on and [...]
|Not yet available|
This project is the second phase of the Danube Data Cube.
|Data driven support for renewables||Norwegian University of Science and Technology / Enernite||Norway||Among the renewable energy sources, solar and wind are rapidly becoming popular for being inexhaustible, clean, and [...]||Not yet available|
Among the renewable energy sources, solar and wind are rapidly becoming popular for being inexhaustible, clean, and dependable. Meanwhile, power conversion efficiency for renewable energy has improved with great technological leaps. Following these trends, solar and wind will become more affordable in years to come and considerable investments are to be expected. As solar and wind plants are characterized by their high site flexibility, the site selection procedure is a crucial factor for their efficiency and financial viability. Many aspects affect site selection, amongst them: legal, environmental, technical, and financial. Today, information gathering for site selection assessments is a manual and time-consuming process. The main objective of this project is to develop a dataset of existing solar power plants* by applying computer vision on satellite imagery.
|Datalayer||E-Charles S.A.||Belgium||The project aims to develop innovative extensions for Jupyter and Visual Studio Code to allow the launch of remote Jupyter [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to develop innovative extensions for Jupyter and Visual Studio Code to allow the launch of remote Jupyter Kernels in the cloud. Furthermore, as part of our application, we want to demonstrate Proof of Concept of our offering.
|Decadal ice thickness and mass balance estimation of Glaciers in Sikkim Himalaya||Sikkim Manipal University||India||The objectives of the project are: 1. Assessment of decadal Mass Balance and Ice Thickness of glaciers of Sikkim Himalaya [...]||Report|
The objectives of the project are:
|Deep Learning Bottom-of-Atmosphere Correction and Cloudless Vista_S2-L2A||ClearSky Imagery ApS (ClearSky Vision)||Denmark||The objective of this project is two-fold and the requested data can be used for both tasks while testing processing [...]||Report|
The objective of this project is two-fold and the requested data can be used for both tasks while testing processing capabilities on The Food Security Platform (TEP). Firstly, we will demonstrate that it’s possible to do bottom-of-atmosphere (BoA) correction on Sentinel-2 Reflectance at Bottom of Atmosphere/VISTA Algorithm (available on TEP as ‘Vista_S2-L2A) using deep neural networks. We estimate that this can improve processing speeds by x100 to x500 while keeping accuracy high. This is inspired by an existing algorithm, developed for another project, that in production as a side effect efficiently fixed incorrect Sen2Cor bottom of atmosphere correction. This is in particular interesting on, important and frequently used algorithms with long processing times like BoA processing algorithms. The results will be avg. pixel error measured against ground truth imagery. We will also present the relevant processing speeds improvements and requirements to run said algorithm (eg. GPU accelerated processing). The results will be made available on TEP as ClearSky Vision demo data, and if possible produced on TEP. It will, furthermore, be measured against data in-sample and out-of-sample, and the project will be finished off by producing a tile unavailable on the platform. This project has the potential capability of greatly reducing required resources for BoA correction on Sentinel-2 imagery by doing it in
|Deep learning-based prediction of Urban area Expansion||Comsats University Islamabad||Pakistan||Urban expansion is giving rise to new challenges globally, especially in African countries badly affected by climate change, [...]||Not yet available|
Urban expansion is giving rise to new challenges globally, especially in African countries badly affected by climate change, population, and, most importantly, economic growth. Government agencies must estimate cities’ growth, thus enabling better urban planning to meet challenges. Machine learning and Computer Vision techniques can allow government agencies to generate models which can control Urban expansion beforehand. So, this research focuses on using satellite images to tackle the Urban expansion of certain areas using deep learning techniques. For Urban expansion, I selected the area of Dakar, Senegal, one of the Seaports on the Western Coast of Africa. Dakar region also suffers from various development issues associated with environmental deterioration, such as the decrease of green areas, farmlands, and wetlands. Therefore, economic activities suffer from these problems. This research aims to provide a deep learning model which can predict Dakar’s urban expansion so the state can plan the land transformation and economic growth accordingly. Moreover, this project will also help all the sentinel hub users who want to work on satellite images or multi-temporal data to solve Urban expansion-related problems. This research will help them create a pipeline for using satellite images to develop a deep-learning model to predict the urban expansion of their desired area.
|DeepESDL – Early Adopters||Brockman Consult GmbH||Germany||DeepESDL users or teams will be provided with individual subscriptions for external services to ensure that dedicated [...]||Not yet available|
DeepESDL users or teams will be provided with individual subscriptions for external services to ensure that dedicated resources are available to them. The requested subscription is required for the first set of Early Adopters, which are currently onboarded, and their associated use cases as well as for the DeepESDL consortium to integrate the Sentinel Hub service, demonstrate and validate ts functionality and for using it in training sessions for new users.
|Deformation study using SAR Interferogram||Yangon Technological University||Myanmar||The project will use differential interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar techniques (DInSAR) to measure land deformation [...]||Not yet available|
The project will use differential interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar techniques (DInSAR) to measure land deformation caused by earthquakes and land subsidence. Geological instabilities could cause the differential movement of ground at different depths. This phenomenon is a gradual settlement of soil that causes inundation of land, expansion of flooding areas, disturbance of drainage systems, changes in slopes, and damages to infrastructure foundations in urban areas. This study will also analyze the deformation’s behavior and cause of subsidence within the research area. Moreover, the study will try to understand the necessary connections and interactions between people and natural events to prevent or lessen the extensive social, economic, environmental, and infrastructure effects. Supporting information requires accurate and timely change detection on Earth’s surface to make better decisions about land deformation and the event’s temporal ramifications. To enhance the measurement of small-scale surface deformation using SAR Interferogram. The information, including detailed coseismic deformation based on the study’s interferometric results, will be helpful in the community’s disaster management and mitigation activities. The results will include the land deformation map and the Subsidence map of the study area. The aim is to provide information to urban planning and management authorities. Finally, the project will be used to gain expertise in using the Geohazard platform.
|DETECT B01||University of Bonn||Germany||The access to Earth Console is made in the frame of Proposal DETECT-B01, which is part of the Collaborative Research (CRC) [...]||Not yet available|
The access to Earth Console is made in the frame of Proposal DETECT-B01, which is part of the Collaborative Research (CRC) 1502 of DFG (https://www.lf.uni-bonn.de/en/research/crc-detect). The main goal of DEECT-B01 is to estimate river discharge and water storage change from space using satellite altimetry. The central hypothesis of DETECT-B01 is that the new generation of space-borne altimeters, including Delay Doppler(DD), laser and bistatic SAR altimeter techniques, outperform conventional altimetry(CA) and in-situ measurements. They provide surface water levels and discharge of higher accuracy and spatial and temporal resolution thanks to the new river slope and width parameters. The better sampling will improve flood event detection and long-term evolution estimation, providing valuable further information to the overall CRC. In the first four years of its 12 years possible duration, two research questions have been addressed in the CRC:
|detecting street network using deep learning model in Cairo city||Benha university||Egypt||Object detection is one of the mandatory steps in transferring imagery data into land cover information. Deep machine [...]||Not yet available|
Object detection is one of the mandatory steps in transferring imagery data into land cover information. Deep machine learning networks have shown automatic object detection capabilities and generated promising results. The patch-based Deep Neural Network (DNN) is one of the architectures designed for pixel-based object detection in aerial images.
|Detection and analysis of landslides in the Sierras Pampeanas of Argentina using advanced||CONAE||Argentina||In the first stage as an early adopter user of GEP, several previously unknown landslides have been identified in the [...]||Report|
In the first stage as an early adopter user of GEP, several previously unknown landslides have been identified in the escarpments of the main faults of the Córdoba ranges, coincidentally in sectors where there is clear evidence of neotectonic activity. These landslides have been recognised by remote sensing techniques, geomorphometric analysis and field surveys, but they have not yet been characterised nor quantified in their rate of movement and speed. Results were exposed in the ARGENCON 2020 workshop, held in December 2020 in Argentina. This proposal aims to continue analysing gravitational processes in Sierras of Cordoba based on their geomorphometric parameterisation, with the estimation of its displacement obtained with DinSAR techniques. Quantifying the local relief through geomorphometric parameters has been done in combination with measures obtained after using the P-SBAS (Parallel Small BAseline Subset) algorithm through the services of the Geohazards Exploitation Platform (GEP). Displacement maps generated by this technique allowed the detection of active processes not previously registered. The sections of Sierra Grande and Sierra Chica fault scarps, which limit the San Alberto and Punilla valleys, respectively, and the Cerro Uritorco slopes, are the areas with the most significant evidence of displacement. Creeping, debris flow, collapses, and rock avalanches were recognised there. Results obtained via Early Adopter Program demonstrate that methods based on DinSAR can reveal morphologic features that otherwise could not be disclosed. In addition, it verifies that platforms based on cloud services that can process large volumes of data are beneficial for identifying and monitoring dynamic geomorphological processes and obtaining predictive information on areas with the potential to slide. The in-phase information provided by SAR images through a multitemporal analysis efficiently detects and evaluates possible new mass removal processes that are taking place or have taken place in recent years.
|Determination of country-wide sowing date indicators in West Africa through remote-sensed crop phenology dynamics||Cirad||France||Agriculture is a vital sector in the West African economy, providing sustenance and income to millions of people. The timing [...]||Not yet available|
Agriculture is a vital sector in the West African economy, providing sustenance and income to millions of people. The timing of crop sowing is crucial in determining crop yield and quality. It is influenced by various factors such as weather conditions, soil moisture, and land preparation practices. Farmers’ practices determine the sowing date, and social constructs, such as traditions and beliefs, influence these practices. The project aims to produce country-wide maps for various phenological metrics using remote-sensed crop vegetation dynamics in West Africa. Notably, this study seeks to create multi-year sowing date estimation maps that will be valuable resources for understanding the spatial variability in sowing date strategies among different regions in West Africa. This approach will enable researchers to examine how environmental and social factors influence farmers’ sowing date decisions, leading to improved crop yield and quality and better management of West African agricultural systems. These maps will also be used as input layers in spatialized crop simulation models, contributing to the analysis of the impact of different factors, such as changing climate, genotypes, and agricultural practices, on crop productivity. As such, the study will provide valuable insights into how farmers can optimize their crop-sowing practices to achieve maximum yield. Time-series analysis of medium resolution optical remote sensing products will be performed to conduct this study. This analysis will target croplands detected from land cover/land use (LULC) products generated annually by stakeholders, such as ESA WorldCover. The project’s outcomes will be helpful for policymakers, agricultural extension workers, and farmers alike. By understanding the spatial variability in sowing date strategies among different regions in West Africa, stakeholders can tailor agricultural interventions and policies to the specific needs of different regions. By examining the impact of changing sowing dates on crop productivity, stakeholders can develop targeted strategies to enhance crop yield and quality.
|Development of more comprehensive landslide and avalanche inventories in||Mountain Research Initiative,||Switzerland||GEO Mountains (https://www.geomountains.org/) is an initiative of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). Mountainous regions [...]||Not yet available|
GEO Mountains (https://www.geomountains.org/) is an initiative of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). Mountainous regions provide numerous goods and services to both highland and lowland populations globally. However, climatic and environmental changes, large-scale political and socio-economic transformations, and the unsustainable management of natural resources threaten this increasingly. Decisions on policy and investment, from the level of local governments to international agencies, must be based on knowledge that reflects both the generalities and specificities of mountainous regions. The paucity of observations from highelevation regions and associated major gaps in the understanding of mountainous systems thus represent key challenges that must be overcome. In October, GEO mountains released amajor iteration (v2) of the Inventory of In Situ Observational Infrastructure. This update includes many more researchoriented mountain observatories, operational stations, and locations where longterm monitoring is being undertaken. Looking ahead, GEO Mountains will consider providing data storage and linking for those sites that are not able to make their data available in an open repository otherwise. Also capturing extensive metadata for each site to facilitate a comprehensive, interdisciplinary “gap analysis” of in situ mountain observations (i.e. for many variables and with respect to geography, time, and elevation). The project will use the GEP services to develop improved inventories of past avalanches and landslides in remote mountain regions of the world, including the Andes, HKH, Central Asia, and East Africa.
|Development practices and establishment of standardized monitoring service of economic forests (ARTEMIS project)||Information Technologies Institute Centre for Research and Technology Hellas||Greece||ARTEMIS aims to develop a multi-modal service for processing satellite, terrestrial and available spatial data and the [...]||Report|
ARTEMIS aims to develop a multi-modal service for processing satellite, terrestrial and available spatial data and the generation of products related to the quality, health and sustainable development of economic forests, with emphasis on chestnut forests. These products will be distributed through a dynamic and user-friendly online platform, which will support operations to facilitate monitoring and improvement of chestnut production and enhance actions for biodiversity protection against climate change. It is known that the Mediterranean chestnut forests in the region of Thessaly have been “degraded” despite being considered productive forests. Moreover, the long-term lack of planning for alternative crops and the insufficient policies for supporting mountain populations’ economic growth has hindered the production of chestnuts, especially in the forests of Mouzaki. Therefore, there is a need to develop modern practices and technologies that will support the continuous monitoring of natural and managed ecosystems and promote, in the long term, the growth of primary production while preserving biodiversity. The project will mainly address the forest health threats in selected areas, mainly caused by biotic factors (insects, diseases, etc.), thus resulting in gradual degradation and destruction of production. As many studies focus primarily on assessing damage driven by abiotic agents (fires, droughts) in forests, it is worth investigating and proposing solutions for the timely evaluation and management of early symptoms of decline, as well as the mitigation of further damage.
|Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of degraded soils in the southern region of Piauí – Brazil||Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI)||Brazil||Objectives of this project are: • Develop and validate methods for determining the stage and advancement of desertification [...]||Not yet available|
Objectives of this project are: • Develop and validate methods for determining the stage and advancement of desertification via diffuse reflectance spectroscopy in the MIR aiming at obtaining prediction models for chemical and physical attributes in soils under intense degradation process. • Build a spectral library using the wavelengths observed in soil samples from the region, highlighting the distinction between the spectra observed in desertification area soil samples; • Understand the link between spectral attributes and chemical and physical attributes of the studied soils; • Prepare maps of the spatial variability of soil attributes, using the results obtained from analyzes carried out in the laboratory (measured values) and obtained by sensors (predicted values) in the study area. • Create land use and land cover maps using high-definition satellite imagery data provided by Sentinelhub.
|Digital Earth Africa||FrontinerSI||Australia||The vision of the DE Africa is to provide a routine, reliable and operational service, using Earth observation to deliver [...]||Not yet available|
The vision of the DE Africa is to provide a routine, reliable and operational service, using Earth observation to deliver decision-ready products enabling policy makers, scientists, the private sector and civil society to address social, environmental and economic changes on the continent and develop an ecosystem for innovation across sectors. The mission of the DE Africa is to process openly accessible and freely available data to produce quality products. Working closely with the AfriGEO community, DE Africa will be responsive to the information needs, challenges and priorities of the African continent. DE Africa will leverage and build on existing capacity to enable the use of Earth observations to address key challenges across the continent.
|Digital Gaia||Digital Gaia||United States of America (the)||Digital Gaia is an open intelligence and analytics platform that maximizes the environmental impact of regenerative projects [...]||Not yet available|
Digital Gaia is an open intelligence and analytics platform that maximizes the environmental impact of regenerative projects and investments. Digitallyenabled, the Digital Gaia technology platform decentralizes impact assessment through a verification platform designed to enable high-integrity initiatives targeting regenerative effects in critical ecosystems. The open platform hosts a decentralized Natural Intelligence Network (ΝIΝ), which combines human expertise in ecosystem health and Artificial Intelligence to generate algorithmic impact assessments across all dimensions of natural climate solutions and associated investments. We will incorporate data layers from the farmers’ inputs, satellite imaging, remote sensing, climate modeling, and much more to create robust estimates for this project. This data aggregation into our active inference engine will result in tailored insights for the farmers, scientists, modellers and investors, ultimately increasing interoperability, transparency, and agility across the regenerative economy. The specific objective of this project is to create interactive, collaborative digital twins of 50 regenerative agriculture and agroforestry projects across Europe, Brazil, and the US. These digital twins will provide farmers, impact investors, scientists, and stakeholders with insights into these projects’ impact and actions for tangible improvement. The results will be free of charge to farmers and their nonprofit stakeholders through an interactive dashboard tracking the life of their project. These solutions scale up from the last mile of impact, where we focus on helping nature stewards and other innovators with the capacity to take action to optimize, demonstrate, and monetize their projects’ impact, creating clarity, trust and accountability for investors.
|Direct assimilation of optical and DInSAR satellite data in snow cover models for||La Sapienza Università di Roma||Italy||The use of numerical weather prediction (NWP) models to drive snow cover models has recently become more and more [...]||Not yet available|
The use of numerical weather prediction (NWP) models to drive snow cover models has recently become more and more investigated, thanks to the improved computer performances allowing to increase the spatial resolution and decrease the computational time. But still, some processes cannot be explicitly treated in the models because they are caused by phenomena happening at a fine scale. Thus the simulation of the snow cover is affected by the uncertainties of both atmospheric and snow cover models. Furthermore, the errors may increase if the simulations cover long periods; thus, the assimilation of observations in the snow models can help to reduce the simulation biases and make models converge to the observations. However, in situ observations of the snow conditions are usually done with automatic weather stations (AWS) and manual measurements. Thus they are sparse and insufficient to force a spatially distributed snow cover model. Instead, satellite data cover large areas at different resolutions and are the perfect candidates to correct snow cover models using gridded data from coarse to satisfactory resolutions. Optical data, for example, can give information on snow cover extent and albedo. At the same time, with DinSAR techniques, it is possible to estimate the snow height variation between different dates or even the snowpack liquid water content. Our project aims to develop an assimilation algorithm that will improve the snow cover model simulation quality using high resolution remote sensing data, to provide helpful information for avalanche warning services, hydrology services and even climates studies.
|Domain Adaptation for Medium-Resolution Land Cover Segmentation of||Aalen University||Germany||The main objective of my work is to assess different domain adaptation techniques regarding geographical domain shifts in [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of my work is to assess different domain adaptation techniques regarding geographical domain shifts in land cover classification. First, different deep-learning segmentation models will be trained on Sentinel-2 data with CORINE land cover maps as reference data. The Sentinel-2 input will probably be multi-spectral (but not multi-temporal), and the CLC map from 2018. The initial dataset, called the source domain, will only contain samples from a specific geographic region (like Germany or a federal state of Germany). After an architecture (probably U-Net) which shows acceptable performance on the source dataset is found, the model will be applied to different geographic regions (the target data set) in Europe. Due to the domain shift across different areas, the model’s performance is expected to drop. This domain shift arises from different class distributions and other spectral and spatial properties of the classes. Then, different domain adaptation techniques will be applied and compared to mitigate the performance decrease. The key idea behind domain adaptation is that there are only labels for the source domain (e.g. Germany) but not for the target domain (e.g. Greece). But this technique will still be possible to improve the performance on the target domain. Especially in remote sensing, where labels are rare and expensive to acquire, domain adaptation can help achieve valuable results even with fewer labels. So far, research on domain adaptation in remote sensing has focused mostly on high-resolution aerial imagery (ISPRS Potsdam and Vaihingen) with 3-channel inputs. Only a few works deal with medium-resolution satellite imagery. Still, in these cases, they primarily classify pixels based on their spectral and temporal properties without considering spatial information (the surrounding pixels with fully convolutional networks).
|Drought impact monitoring platform||Umweltbundesamt GmbH||Austria||The pilot aims to develop a pan-European scale drought impact monitoring platform using the new CLMS service High-Resolution [...]||Not yet available|
The pilot aims to develop a pan-European scale drought impact monitoring platform using the new CLMS service High-Resolution Vegetation Phenology and Productivity (HR-VPP) derived from Sentinel 2 images.
|DSM rectification to make satellite based DSMs more practical for different||Free Agent||Malaysia||DEMs (including DSMs and DTMs) are critical in land-use planning, infrastructural project management, soil science, hydrology [...]||Not yet available|
DEMs (including DSMs and DTMs) are critical in land-use planning, infrastructural project management, soil science, hydrology and flow-direction studies. Because DSMs characterize the bare Earth and its above-ground features, their use is widely applied in fields such as urban planning (i.e., in investigating how a proposed building would affect the views of residents and businesses, power line corridor inspections and aviation planning). DEMS and DSMs are powerful and efficient tools for applications in various sectors. There are different ways to generate DEMs, including satellite data processing. In this project, we want to apply deep learning-based algorithms to make high-quality digital surface models. There are several proposed added values if one can implement such a workflow.
|Earth Observation course at CentraleSupélec||CentraleSupélec||France||CentraleSupélec - a French high school of engineering - organizes a course on Satellite Earth Observation dedicated to around [...]||Not yet available|
CentraleSupélec – a French high school of engineering – organizes a course on Satellite Earth Observation dedicated to around 110 first year students, from the 22nd November to the end of January. This course is an introduction to optical and SAR remote sensing. It is based on the use and processing of ESA’s Sentinel images. The support of EOCARE is requested to allow the students to carry out mini-projects on 3 topics at the end of the course.
|Earth Observation for Land Cover Statistics||Statistik Austria||Austria||The action focuses on integrating Earth Observation (EO) data from the European Space Agency (ESA) Copernicus Programme into [...]||Not yet available|
The action focuses on integrating Earth Observation (EO) data from the European Space Agency (ESA) Copernicus Programme into the statistical production process for further analyses and projects within the fields of agriculture, forestry and environment. Critical aspects of the action are:
|Earth Observation Training Data Lab (EOTDL)||EOX IT Services GmbH||Austria||Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the transformational technology of our era. Earth Observation (EO) will significantly [...]||Not yet available|
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the transformational technology of our era. Earth Observation (EO) will significantly benefit, as in other areas, from its application by lowering the cost of adoption and accelerating market uptake. The Earth Observation Training Data Lab (EOTDL) aims to develop open-source tools to create, curate, analyze and use AI-ready EO datasets. A European cloud-based repository of datasets and AI models will be created, maintained and improved. Training capabilities will also enable researchers, engineers, and non-expert users alike to efficiently train AI models in the cloud with the available datasets and keep track of state of the art. Many areas will benefit from this platform: having a repository of AI-ready EO datasets will strengthen industry capabilities for exploiting EO data as a whole and help accelerate EO market penetration. Furthermore, to enable Digital Twin Earth simulations, it is needed that quality datasets exist for researchers and engineers to use and build quality models and applications.
|EcoProMIS||Agricompas Ltd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland (the)||Agricompas is developing a data analytics platform in an IPP (International Partnership Program) project funded by the UK [...]||Not yet available|
Agricompas is developing a data analytics platform in an IPP (International Partnership Program) project funded by the UK Space Agency. EcoProMIS or Ecological Production Management Information System aims to provide all stakeholders involved in rice production with valuable insights in farmer and crop performance. Information is provided free to farmers (who are sharing in-situ data) to access information on crop management, soil and environmental conditions during the crop production cycle to improve decision making. Paid Analytics as a Service is provided to various stakeholders. A matchmaking platform will nurture stakeholder relations with safe and sound information of technical, economic, social and environmental processes. Farmers can place product and service requests with providers that can develop and tailor their offerings based on better farmer and field information.
|Educación Forestal||Copernicus Academy||Spain||The project consists of disseminating Copernicus values with data from Sentinel-2, Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-3. Spain is one [...]||Not yet available|
The project consists of disseminating Copernicus values with data from Sentinel-2, Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-3. Spain is one of the countries in the Mediterranean basin where more forest fires occur, being one of the great problems of our forests. Our Public Educational Center trains future professionals in the extinction of forest fires. The project consists fundamentally in carrying out analyzes of forest fires that occur during the year, especially those that have an area greater than 500 hectares. The work will be published on social networks, specifically on Twitter, in the profile of @eforestal, and published on the website that I share with the students of the educational center: http://almazcara.forestry.es
|Effect of wildfires on natural vegetation||Agrifusion||South Africa||Natural vegetation in Southern Africa, including fynbos and grasslands, needs to go through natural fire cycles to promote [...]||Not yet available|
Natural vegetation in Southern Africa, including fynbos and grasslands, needs to go through natural fire cycles to promote regrowth.
|Effects of Agricultural Expansion and Practices on Water Quality of the Upper Lunsemfwa Catchment in Zambia||University of Zambia, Integrated Water Resources Management Center||Zambia||Objectives. The main aim of the research project is to evaluate effects of agricultural expansion and practices on water [...]||Not yet available|
Objectives. The main aim of the research project is to evaluate effects of agricultural expansion and practices on water quality of the Upper Lunsemfwa Catchment. Specifically, for the NOR, the research seeks to determine the extent of agricultural expansion in the Upper Lunsemfwa Catchment from the year 2015 to 2020. The envisaged output of the project is to produce detailed mapping of the area of interest in terms of extent of cultivated area, specific crops and their intensity including:
|Effects of grazing systems and drought on natural Basalto grasslands||National Instutute of Agricultural||Uruguay||This project seeks to find relationships between the information obtained through SPOT satellite images and measurements in [...]||Not yet available|
This project seeks to find relationships between the information obtained through SPOT satellite images and measurements in the field that allow advance recommendations and thus promote informed decision-making for beef farmers in Uruguay in the context of climate change and frequent droughts. It is proposed to evaluate the effect of drought in interaction with two grazing systems on the growth and forage quality of grasslands in Basalt soils in northern Uruguay. It is proposed to monitor drought’s impact in shallow and medium Basalt soils and its interaction with two grazing systems (continuous and rotating with 32 paddocks). It is proposed to calibrate SPOT satellite data (NDVI) with field measurements of grass quantity and quality (green and dry fraction). The variability of the production and quality of the forage will be evaluated depending on the type and depth of the soil, as well as the subsequent recovery after the drought of the grasslands according to the kind of soil and dominant plant communities. It is expected to have information that allows better decisions to be made in critical situations such as droughts, which are increasingly frequent in this scenario of climate change. Real-time monitoring of medium-high resolution images (SPOT 7) will allow establishing relationships with the measurements to be made on the pasture: grass cuts and height measurements to assess availability, separation of green and dry fractions to assess the actual pasture quality, etc. In addition, the response of the different plant communities in medium and superficial soils will be evaluated, as well as the effect of grazing systems on the recovery time of natural pastures after droughts.
|Effects of patch burning on desert animals||The University of Sydney||Australia||Feral cats have caused the decline and extinction of many native species in Australia. There is also evidence that their [...]||Not yet available|
Feral cats have caused the decline and extinction of many native species in Australia. There is also evidence that their impacts can be greater after fires when vegetation is removed, making it easier for them to hunt. In this project, we are using field experiments to assess the relative impacts of fire and predators on native prey populations, including identifying the post-fire period when prey are most vulnerable and determining how different management strategies could benefit native fauna (i.e. burning and cat baiting). The specific aims of the project are:
|efficacy of earth observation for biomass prediction along with field inventory data in Tropical deciduous forest||Shiv Nadar university||India||The objectives of this project are to predict the biomass of tropical deciduous forests using Field inventory and Earth [...]||Not yet available|
The objectives of this project are to predict the biomass of tropical deciduous forests using Field inventory and Earth observation.
|Electromagnetic modeling of S-3 SRAL waveforms||Tor Vergata University||Italy||The ALBIOM project (ALtimetry for BIOMass) proposes to derive forest biomass using SAR Altimetry Data from the Copernicus [...]||Report|
The ALBIOM project (ALtimetry for BIOMass) proposes to derive forest biomass using SAR Altimetry Data from the Copernicus Sentinel-3 (S3) Mission. The Project is coordinated by Leila Guerriero.
|Enfuser||Finnish Meteorological Insitute||Finland||Air Quality Modelling by The Finnish Meteorological Institute is a novel, operative, local-scale air quality model (a [...]||Not yet available|
Air Quality Modelling by The Finnish Meteorological Institute is a novel, operative, local-scale air quality model (a combination of Gaussian Puff & Plume) used in the Helsinki Metropolitan area and the city of Turku in Finland. The model was also used in foreign installation sites, such as Nanjing, China, during the Nanjing Air Quality Testbed project. The modelled pollutant species are NO2, NO, O3, PM2.5 and PM10, for which the model provides hourly average concentrations at a breathing height of 2 meters above the ground. Also, pollutant species and variables such as black carbon (BC), Lung Deposited Surface Area (LDSA), SO2 and CO are supported for modelling. Furthermore, the model incorporates a data assimilation algorithm to improve the urban scale modelling via measurement evidence; measurement data should be provided for each modelled pollutant species. In February 2022, a model description and evaluation paper about ENFUSER was submitted to the Environmental Modelling and Software journal (Elsevier) and is currently under review. Typically, the model predictions are updated several times per day, including a “now-casting” period with measurements (up to 24h in the past and a forecasting period in the future up to 48h). The modelling resolution is selected based on the size of the modelling area, down to 10 x 10m2. The model approximates the effect of urban elements such as street canyons with statistical approaches, which is less realistic than computational fluid dynamic modelling (e.g., a Large Eddy Simulation model).
|Envision-H2020||ITC Murska Sobota||Slovenia||ENVISION aims to fulfil the need for continuous and systematic monitoring of agricultural land, shifting the focus from [...]||Not yet available|
ENVISION aims to fulfil the need for continuous and systematic monitoring of agricultural land, shifting the focus from fragmented monitoring limited to specific fields and dates to territory-wide and all-year-round monitoring. It will make use of heterogeneous types of available data (EO-based, in situ, open data, and historical on-field check data) and state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies (automatic pixel/texture/object-oriented change detection and classification methods, machine learning, data fusion, multi-source and multi-temporal data management) for providing a fully-automated and scalable toolbox of services, built in close interaction with its future customers. ENVISION will fully exploit the wealth of data made available through GEOSS and Copernicus and its synergetic use with other data to develop data products such as Cultivated crop type maps; Soil Organic Carbon; Vegetation status; Crop growth (distinction of organic – conventional farming); Grassland mowing /ploughing; Soil erosion. The ENVISION toolbox will comprise a monitoring service of sustainable agricultural practices, tools that Pas & CBs can provide to farmers for adhering to environmentally friendly agricultural practices, and an Add-on Development Tool. The project will be tested and validated in a pre-operational environment by potential future customers of its products and services. ENVISION will have three categories of business cases (Monitoring of: multiple environmental and climate requirements of CAP, soil condition, and organic farming requirements) and will also be tested by a group of Lighthouse Customers. A market analysis, business model experimentation techniques and appropriate decision-making tools will determine the commercially viable business models for the services and products of ENVISION, define alternative business models, understand their implications and identify those that will create the most significant value. Role in the project ITC’s main tasks in the ENVISION project, together with the DIH AGRIFOOD, are linked to Dissemination & Exploitation management, where ITC will plan, draft and develop the Dissemination and Communication Plan as well as manage, coordinate and implement dissemination and communication activities according to this plan. Furthermore, ITC will increase the capacity of companies and organisations that offer commercial products to develop new and improved products and services by building up on the ENVISION solution. ITC will also be actively involved in commercialising and exploiting the ENVISION services and products and in identifying user requirements and needs.
|EO AFRICA – NATIONAL INCUBATORS – WaSCIA||Telespazio UK||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)||Water Stress and Climate Indices for Africa (WaSCIA) service aim to deliver high-quality Water Stress and Climate Indices [...]||Not yet available|
Water Stress and Climate Indices for Africa (WaSCIA) service aim to deliver high-quality Water Stress and Climate Indices through an easy-to-use web interface to help the management of drought and water stress in Senegal. These are primary components of major climate risks for Africa, including demands on water resources, reduced crop productivity, adverse impacts on livestock, and biome changes. These, in turn, have significant consequences for undernutrition, migration, human conflict and wildlife welfare. The solution meets the principle characteristics of the EO Africa incubators ITT: “to deploy an innovative EO-based solution that realises benefits in drought management at a National scale while maintaining a user-focussed approach.” An effective drought monitoring solution’s benefits include detecting early onsets of water stress related to drought conditions, its severity and spatial extent.
|EO AFRICA R&D Facility||Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC),||Netherlands (the)||EO Africa R&D Facility is the the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to [...]||Not yet available|
EO Africa R&D Facility is the the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to foster an African-European R&D collaboration enabling an active research community and creative innovation processes for continuous development of EO capabilities in Africa. The R&D Facility will review the African EO research challenges and issue research calls for addressing the most relevant ones. It will offer modern cloud computing & digital tools for the researchers and support a range of collaborative activities and initiatives between the African and European research communities.
|EO AFRICA R&D Facility||Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente||Netherlands (the)||EO Africa R&D Facility is the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to foster [...]||Not yet available|
EO Africa R&D Facility is the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to foster an African-European R&D collaboration enabling an active research community and creative innovation processes for the continuous development of EO capabilities in Africa. The R&D Facility will review the African EO research challenges and issue research calls for addressing the most relevant ones. Furthermore, it will offer the researchers modern cloud computing & digital tools and support various collaborative activities and initiatives between the African and European research communities.
|EO AFRICA R&D Facility||Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente||Netherlands (The)||EO Africa R&D Facility is the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to foster [...]||Not yet available|
EO Africa R&D Facility is the flagship of the EO AFRICA initiative of ESA. The overarching goal of the Facility is to foster an African-European R&D collaboration enabling an active research community and creative innovation processes for the continuous development of EO capabilities in Africa. The R&D Facility will review the African EO research challenges and issue research calls for addressing the most relevant ones. Furthermore, it will offer the researchers modern cloud computing & digital tools and support various collaborative activities and initiatives between the African and European research communities.
|EO Exploitation Platform Common Architecture||Telespazio UK Ltd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)||Telespazio UK Ltd are the prime contractor for ESA’s “EO Exploitation Platforms Common Architecture (EOEPCA)” initiative. [...]||Not yet available|
Telespazio UK Ltd are the prime contractor for ESA’s “EO Exploitation Platforms Common Architecture (EOEPCA)” initiative. EOEPCA aims to facilitate adoption of a freely available common architecture that supports a paradigm shift from “bring the data to the user” (i.e. user downloads data locally) to “bring the user to the data” (i.e. move user exploitation to hosted environments with collocated computing and storage). This leads to a platform-based ecosystem that provides infrastructure, data, computing and software as a service. The resulting Exploitation Platform is where scientific and value-adding activities are conducted, to generate targeted outputs for end-users.
|EO Exploitation Platform Common Architecture||Telespazio UK Ltd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland (the)||We just recently adapted this in-class project and founded a new student association, and we would like to resume our [...]||Not yet available|
We just recently adapted this in-class project and founded a new student association, and we would like to resume our activities to promote space and earth observation, promote data extraction and popular science, and to push the limits of our different sub-projects, which we feel have barely scraped the surface of their potential.
|EO Exploitation Platform Common Architecture||Telespazio UK Ltd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)||EOEPCA aims to facilitate the adoption of a freely available common architecture that supports a paradigm shift from “bring [...]||Not yet available|
EOEPCA aims to facilitate the adoption of a freely available common architecture that supports a paradigm shift from “bring the data to the user” to “bring the user to the data”. This leads to a platform-based ecosystem that provides infrastructure, data, computing and software as a service. The resulting Exploitation Platform is where scientific and value-adding activities are conducted to generate targeted outputs for end-users. The focus of the Common Architecture is to define an open architecture using open interfaces that facilitate the federation of services in the “EO Network of Resources” and to develop a Reference Implementation of the architecture for deployment as an operational service. The architecture and its interfaces are designed to be reusable by third-parties provisioning platforms with the NoR. Using the Common Architecture will encourage platform providers to have consistent interfaces with other platforms in the NoR ecosystem, facilitating interoperability that allows platforms to share their resources. A Reference Implementation of the full architecture is being developed to prove the concepts and provide an off-the-shelf solution that can be instantiated by future projects to implement their EO Exploitation Platform, thus facilitating their ability to join the federated Network of EO Resources.
|EO4UA – Field deliniation in Ukraine||Joint Research Centre||Italy||As part of the EO4UA initiative, we will generate boundaries of agriculture polygons over Ukraine for six years to assess the [...]||Not yet available|
As part of the EO4UA initiative, we will generate boundaries of agriculture polygons over Ukraine for six years to assess the impact of the current situation on agriculture activities. ΑΙΙ results will be released via the portal https://www. eo4ua.org/mapbender/application/eo4ua endpoint for use in the Ukraine damage analysis.
|EOEPCA – Open Science Catalog||Telespazio UK Ltd||United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland (The)||The Open Science Catalogue is one of the elements contributing to an Open Science framework and|
infrastructure, with [...]
|Not yet available|
The Open Science Catalogue is one of the elements contributing to an Open Science framework and
|EOEPCA Operator Service Space Applications Services||Space Applications Services SA/NV||Belgium||The ESA EOEPCA Common Architecture Project focuses on defining an open architecture using open interfaces that facilitate the [...]||Not yet available|
The ESA EOEPCA Common Architecture Project focuses on defining an open architecture using open interfaces that facilitate the federation of services and developing a Reference Implementation of the architecture for deployment as an operational service. The reference implementation will provide an operational service to obtain feedback on the Common Architecture from both platform providers and users. ESA and Telespazio VEGA UK have contracted Space Applications Services to establish an operational service based on the EOEPCA. Technically, the objective of the Operational Service is to integrate the building blocks developed by the Domain Experts, validate the resulting Service, and deploy the Service into production. Because the Domain Experts will implement new features in parallel to the Operators’ activity, incremental releases of the Service will be produced, deployed and evaluated.
|EOEPCA Operators – Service 1||Terradue||Italy||The project aims to integrate the EO Exploitation Platform Common Architecture (EOEPCA) Reference Implementation building [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to integrate the EO Exploitation Platform Common Architecture (EOEPCA) Reference Implementation building blocks developed by Domain Experts within a deployed exploitation platform to validate the common architecture in an operational context, collect feedback and support the Domain Experts developing the Reference Implementation.
|EOStat – Agriculture Poland. Support of Ukraine in collection of agricultural||Institute of Geodesy and Cartography||Poland||The consortium of the EOStat project for Statistics Poland proposes to implement the EOStat system of crop recognition and [...]||Not yet available|
The consortium of the EOStat project for Statistics Poland proposes to implement the EOStat system of crop recognition and yield prediction in the territory of Ukraine. This will make it possible to estimate the yield losses for 2022 compared to previous years 2017 – 2021.
|ESA Academy – Earth Observation Remote Sensing Workshop 2022||ESA Academy - Training and||Belgium||ESA Academy Earth Observation Remote Sensing Workshop 2022 (EORSW2022) is part of a series of training activities organized [...]||Report|
ESA Academy Earth Observation Remote Sensing Workshop 2022 (EORSW2022) is part of a series of training activities organized by ESA Academy for university students with three main objectives: To motivate and enable young people to enhance their literacy & competence in sciences and technology (STEM disciplines). Second, inspire and encourage young people to consider pursuing a career in STEM, particularly in the space domain. Third, contribute to increasing youngsters’ awareness of the importance of space research, exploration and applications in modern society and economy. More specifically, EORSW2022 will help university students get familiar with the current technology and missions on Earth Observation field and with all the products (and software) that those missions produce. Furthermore, students will get familiar with and practice using different mission products on different disciplines focusing on remote sensing, image visualization and analysis, and GIS applications.
|ESA Sentinels for Agricultural Statistics||Université catholique de Louvain||Belgium||Objectives: The ESA "Sentinels for Agricultural Statistics" (Sen4Stat) project aims at facilitating the uptake of sentinel [...]||Report|
Objectives: The ESA “Sentinels for Agricultural Statistics” (Sen4Stat) project aims at facilitating the uptake of sentinel EO-derived information in the official processes of National Statistical Offices (NSOs), supporting the agricultural statistics. The project is working in four pilot countries: Spain, Ecuador, Senegal and Tanzania, thus addressing a wide diversity of both cropping systems and agricultural data collection protocols.
|ESA Sentinels for Agriculture Statistics||Université catholique de Louvain||Belgium||The objective(s) of this ESA Sentinels for Agriculture project is to facilitate the uptake of Sentinel EO-derived information [...]||Not yet available|
The objective(s) of this ESA Sentinels for Agriculture project is to facilitate the uptake of Sentinel EO-derived information in the official processes for National Statistical Offices (NSOs) supporting agricultural statistics. The project works with five pilot countries: Spain, Ecuador, Senegal, Tanzania and Angola, thus addressing a wide diversity of cropping systems and agricultural data collection protocols. In close interactions with its pilot countries, the project conducted an in-depth review of how efficiently integrating EO data in the current NSOs workflow. National use cases were defined as:
|ESRIN Philab ICT – Floating Objects fixed time GPU||ESRIN Philab ICT||Italy||Marine litter is a growing problem that has attracted attention and raised concerns over the last years. Significant [...]||Not yet available|
Marine litter is a growing problem that has attracted attention and raised concerns over the last years. Significant quantities of plastic can be found in the oceans due to the unfiltered discharge of waste into rivers, poor waste management, or lost fishing nets. The floating elements drift on the surface of water bodies and can be aggregated by processes such as river plumes, windrows, oceanic fronts, or currents. The experiments demonstrate that harnessing the spatial patterns learned with a CNN is advantageous over pixel-wise classification using hand-crafted features.
|Estimating CO2 emissions from space||Finnish Meteorological Institute||Finland||This project aims at studying anthropogenic CO2 emissions as well as biological CO2 cycles from satellite observations using [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims at studying anthropogenic CO2 emissions as well as biological CO2 cycles from satellite observations using machine learning tools. The objectives are to develop algorithms to 1- Learn to detect plumes of CO2 emissions; 2- Estimate CO2 local emissions from plumes; 3- Predict monthly CO2 fluxes at a global scale. An exploratory subscription to Sentinel Hub will be very helpful, as easy to use data is basic for the project. The results of this project will be published in peer reviewed journals and presented at international conferences, the algorithms will be well documented and made public in GitHub.
|Estimation of above ground forest biomass in europe||University of Wuerzburg||Germany||The objective of the project is to estimate above-ground forest biomass in Europe. Biomass estimation is crucial to [...]||Not yet available|
The objective of the project is to estimate above-ground forest biomass in Europe. Biomass estimation is crucial to understand the amount of stored carbon in the forests and the carbon cycle. Accurate biomass estimation is a complex task, and there are several challenges of above-ground forest biomass estimations, such as the destructiveness of direct measurement methods, high cost, and time. Historical tree information, such as diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree height necessary for above-ground forest biomass calculations, are lacking spatially and temporally. Furthermore, countries do not have the same national inventory methods. Researchers use Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data, such as Sentinel-1, and optical satellite data, such as Sentinel-2 and Landsat 8/9, to develop models for estimating forest above-ground biomass. The combination of preprocessed Sentinel-1 data and cloud-masked Sentinel-2 data from the Sentinel hub will be significantly helpful in developing a welldesigned model to estimate forest above-ground biomass. Even though using remote sensing data can save a high cost and will consume less time than directly measuring the forest above-ground biomass, dealing with large areas using earth observation data would require lots of time to process the data. Sentinel-hub data would be beneficial to decrease this processing time. The project’s final result is one-year forest above-ground biomass raster data in 100 m resolution covering part of Europe. This forest above-ground biomass data could help researchers and scientists understand the distribution of stored carbon in forests and the carbon cycle. Foresters and forest managers could make reasonable decisions for sustainable forest management and stimulate conservation efforts. The result would be helpful for policymakers and governments to make environmental policies and regulations related to climate change and biodiversity protection.
|Estimation of Rice-yield using Convolutional Nueral Network (CNN) with remote sensing data||Kasetsart University||Thailand||Nowadays, it is found that Thai farmers live under challenging conditions. They face many problems, such as global warming, [...]||Not yet available|
Nowadays, it is found that Thai farmers live under challenging conditions. They face many problems, such as global warming, causing the temperature to rise, inclement weather, and severe drought. These factors directly affect agricultural productivity. In addition, farmers have to face the problem of falling agricultural prices. According to data from the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, in 2021, in-season rice had a purchase price of 8,306 baht per ton for farmers, while it had an export price of 15,730 baht per ton (data from the Thai Rice Exporters Association). The latter is approximately two times the farmers’ purchase price, causing them insufficient income. In addition, Thai farmers have relatively low yields per rai compared to Vietnam, a rice export competitor to Thailand. Data from knoema.com collects rice harvest data in Thailand with statistics of 0.47 tons per rai in 2020, while Vietnam, with a yield of 0.95 tons per rai, roughly double the product of Thailand. Therefore, it can be seen that when compared to Thailand, the world’s leading rice exporter, Thai farmers have very low yields per rai.
|EU Horizon FAIRiCUBE||NILU||Norway||The core objective of the EU Horizon project FAIRiCUBE is to enable players from beyond classic Earth Observation (EO) [...]||Not yet available|
The core objective of the EU Horizon project FAIRiCUBE is to enable players from beyond classic Earth Observation (EO) domains to provide, access, process, and share gridded data and algorithms in a FAIR and TRUSTable manner. To reach this objective, we propose creating the FAIRiCUBE HUB, a crosscutting platform and framework for data ingestion, provision, analysis, processing, and dissemination, to unleash the potential of environmental, biodiversity and climate data through dedicated European data spaces. Within this project, TRL 7 will be attained, together with the necessary governance aspects to assure continued maintenance of the FAIRiCUBE HUB beyond the project lifespan. This project’s goal is to leverage the power of Machine Learning (ML) operating on multi-thematic datacubes for a broader range of governance and research institutions from diverse fields, who at present cannot easily access and utilize these potent resources. Selected use cases will illustrate how data-driven projects can benefit from cube formats, infrastructure, and computational benefits. They will guide us in creating a user-friendly FAIRiCUBE HUB, which is tightly integrated to the common European data spaces, providing relevant stakeholders an overview of both data and processing modules readily available to be applied to these data sources. Tools enabling users not intimately familiar with the worlds of EO and ML to scope the requirements and costs of their desired analyses will be implemented, easing uptake of these resources by a broader community. The FAIR sharing of results with the community will be fostered by providing easy to use tools and workflows directly in the FAIRiCUBE HUB.
|EUROPEAN ECOSTRESS HUB PhaSe 2 (EURANUS)||Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology||Luxembourg||The EUROPEAN ECOSTRESS HUB- update of the methodology (EUROPEAN ECOSTRESS HUB PhaSe 2, EURANUS hereafter) aims to develop and [...]||Not yet available|
The EUROPEAN ECOSTRESS HUB- update of the methodology (EUROPEAN ECOSTRESS HUB PhaSe 2, EURANUS hereafter) aims to develop and implement a novel temporal integration method for estimating daily evaporation (ET). Also, since the water use efficiency of an ecosystem indicates the amount of carbon assimilated as biomass produced per unit of water used by the vegetation, the estimation of water use efficiency is not straightforward. It needs further information on gross primary productivity. Therefore, to address the water use efficiency (WUE) of the ecosystems, EURANUS will test, validate, and simultaneously implement a new temporal integration method for estimating daily ET (from the instantaneous ET) and gross primary productivity (GPP) algorithms also to develop Europe and Africa wide GPP and WUE products. Furthermore, with the extension of the ECOSTRESS mission until 2028 and future recalibration of the ECOSTRESS radiances by NASA, EURANUS aims to reprocess all the data using the newly calibrated radiances for developing products of cloud mask, LST, daily ET, GPP and WUE for the entire ECOSTRESS mission.
|Eutrophication Monitoring (Eu-Mon) SDG Engine||CGI Italy||Italy||In partnership with the national statistical offices and line ministries responsible for SDG implementation, the project EO [...]||Not yet available|
In partnership with the national statistical offices and line ministries responsible for SDG implementation, the project EO Solutions for national SDG monitoring will develop innovative EO data processing and data analytics workflows exploiting EO platforms, integrating them within national systems and processes on SDGs, to showcase the adequacy of EO solutions for SDG monitoring.
|Evaluating water level variations in Manchar lake||Mehran university of Engineering and Technology||Pakistan||Lakes are one of the primary sources of freshwater, and their size variations provide information critical to their [...]||Not yet available|
Lakes are one of the primary sources of freshwater, and their size variations provide information critical to their sustainable management in the backdrop of seasonal and climatic changes. Due to topographic limitation and financial constraint, it will be difficult for any country to install gauges in the Lake ecosystem. Therefore, the Altimetry satellite can assist the government to
|Evaluation of improvement brought by the SAR mode altimeters over South China Sea||Tongji University||China||Thanks to the Delay-Doppler technique, the SAR mode altimeters perform superior in the coastal zone. However, it can still be [...]||Not yet available|
Thanks to the Delay-Doppler technique, the SAR mode altimeters perform superior in the coastal zone. However, it can still be affected by the complex coastal topography (i.e., harbour, semi-enclosed bay) within 5 km of the coast. Here we want to investigate the improvement brought by the dedicated coastal trackers (i.e., ALES+, SAMOSA+ and Fully-Focused SAR) in the coastal oceans of the South China Sea (100-130°E, 0-26°N). The reason why we choose the SCS as the study region is as follows. The local wind forcing and atmospheric pressure dominates the seasonal sea level cycle of SCS. At the same time, the interannual-to-decadal variability is closely related to Rossby waves driven by wind stress curls associated with the ENSO signals. In addition, the sea level trends are more significant than the GMSL rise over the same period, varying between 4-5 mm yr-1. This is because the decadal variability dominated by the PDO and NPGO climate modes masks the long-term sea level trend in response to global warming. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the effect of climate modes to understand better the impact of global warming on the sea level variation of northern SCS, which would help us improve the ability to project the sea level rise in the future. Four major activities are conducted in this study: 1) assessing the data availability, precision and accuracy for SSH estimates from both open ocean and dedicated coastal retrackers; 2) analyzing the SSH bias between different retrackers and developing a bias-removing method; 3) using the reprocessed Sentinel-3A/B and Jason-CS data to derive the sea level trends of northern SCS over the last five years; 4) observing the variation of local sea states (i.e., Significant wave height).
|Evaluation of the surface variability of high Andean salt flats in northern Chile, through the application of persistent scatterer interferometry (PSInSAR)||Universidad Mayor||Chile||Through the application of interferometry, the characterization of the phase and coherence variations, later the application [...]||Not yet available|
Through the application of interferometry, the characterization of the phase and coherence variations, later the application of the STAMPS algorithm I intend to evaluate the surface variations in 3 high Andean salt flats of Chile, the first salt is the Coposa salt lake which maintains a close relationship with the surface hydrology and this can be distinguished in interferograms, so I seek to establish a mathematical relationship between interferometry and the intensity of precipitation events.
|Evaluation of the surface variability of high Andean salt flats in northern Chile, through the application of persistent scatterer interferometry (PSInSAR) – Area 2||Universidad Mayor||Chile||Through the application of interferometry, the characterization of the phase and coherence variations, subsequently the [...]||Not yet available|
Through the application of interferometry, the characterization of the phase and coherence variations, subsequently the application of the STAMPS alorithm, I intend to evaluate the surface variations in 3 high Andean salt flats of Chile, the first is the coposa salt flat that maintains a close relationship with surface hydrology and this can be distinguished in interferograms, so I seek to establish a mathematical relationship between interferometry and the intensity of precipitation events.
|Evaluation of various geological risks using GEP tools: Pilot case studies of the Geological Survey of Spain||Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME-CSIC)||Spain||The project will address a set of various use cases for the evaluation of various geological risks:|
1. Ground [...]
|Not yet available|
The project will address a set of various use cases for the evaluation of various geological risks:
|Exploring applications of Earth Observation for Africa||Carnegie Mellon University Africa||Rwanda||This project aims to explore and identify various applications of Earth Observation (EO) technologies for Africa, focusing on [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to explore and identify various applications of Earth Observation (EO) technologies for Africa, focusing on addressing the region’s unique environmental and socio-economic challenges. The project aims to assess the potential of EO technologies for supporting sustainable development, natural resource management, disaster risk reduction, climate change mitigation, and other critical areas of concern for the African continent. The project will involve a comprehensive review of existing EO applications and technologies, an analysis of the current state of EO infrastructure and capacity in Africa, and the development of recommendations for improving access to and use of EO data and tools in the region. The project’s ultimate goal is to contribute to the development of a more sustainable, resilient, and prosperous Africa through the effective use of EO technologies.
|FARM0C: CLIMATE NEUTRAL RESILIENT DAIRY FARMING.||Trinity College Dublin||Ireland||Farm0C is a Science Foundation Ireland funded project to demonstrate that intensive Irish dairy farming can become climate [...]||Not yet available|
Farm0C is a Science Foundation Ireland funded project to demonstrate that intensive Irish dairy farming can become climate neutral and biodiversity friendly. Life cycle assessment, remote sensed habitat mapping and digitalization will be combined to create an app that assesses a farm’s emissions and biodiversity. The app will further suggest best practice and technology needed to reduce farm emissions to climate neutrality while also providing bespoke recommendations as to how to increase farm biodiversity. Using high resolution satellite imagery (0.5 m- 10m resolution) it is possible to pick out linear habitat features on farms. Linear habitat features comprise a majority of on farm habitats in Ireland and so are essential to map in any farm-scale habitat mapping exercise. EU legislation (see EU Biodiversity strategy 2030) is moving towards requiring 10% of farm area to be managed as ‘high diversity habitat features’. Accurately quantifying farm habitats requires the development of high resolution habitat mapping that can reliably map linear features. The first objective of work package 2 of the Farm0C project is to develop and train machine learning algorithms to map farmland habitat at unprecedented resolution (0.5m – 10m) to allow for accurate habitat extent estimates. Remote sensed habitat maps will be tested and validated by comparison to on the ground farm habitat surveys. The deliverable of this objective is a scalable, reliable, farmland habitat mapping algorithm using high resolution remote sensed data to allow farm scale habitat mapping in Ireland. Once tested and validated in Ireland, it will be extended to other dairying and livestock systems in Europe. The second objective of work package 2 is to build farm scale natural capital accounts based on the SEEA ecosystem accounting framework. The habitat maps derived from remote sensed imagery will be used as habitat extent accounts. Condition assessments will be attempted based on remote sensed imagery using variables such as age, width and if possible, height.
|Fire mapping validation for Northern Australia||Charles Darwin University||Australia||The project aims at validating the MODIS automatic fire burnt areas for northern Australia using high-resolution satellite [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims at validating the MODIS automatic fire burnt areas for northern Australia using high-resolution satellite data such as Sentinel and Landsat. The fire burnt maps are used to operationally carry out early season fire activities by stakeholders such as indigenous rangers. The overall goal is to reduce carbon emissions.
|FOMA Restorative environments Sweden||Swedish University of Agricultural||Sweden||Vegetation and green open spaces in urban areas have a beneficial effect on human health and well-being. People perceive [...]||Not yet available|
Vegetation and green open spaces in urban areas have a beneficial effect on human health and well-being. People perceive areas with an abundance of trees, parks, lawns and shrubs more favourably than areas with sparse elements. Cumulatively these effects are proven to have reduced stress hormone levels, lowered blood pressure, improved cognitive abilities and much more. Additionally, such areas improve property values, increase the revenue of adjacent businesses and attract tourists.
|food security using artificial intelligence and remote sensing||self-employed||Indonesia||The project aims to produce an application based on spot satellite data + supplementary data (like weather data) to provide [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to produce an application based on spot satellite data + supplementary data (like weather data) to provide useful information to management needs in agriculture. Various sections can benefit from this application. Mainly and primarily, the target is growers. Growers can use this service in different ways. The first platform which is going to be developed will be web-based. The second one is mobile-based. A lot of valuable information regarding the cultivated land would be delivered. Using this information, they would make better management decisions. These decisions eventually lower the use of different inputs, such as pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, and so on. We also believe satellite data can help farmers with higher crop performance. Another group would benefit from this product: advisers and consultants. Using this system, the efficiency of advising would be increased because they have access to the same information and analysis. In addition, they would have all customers (which are farmers) and their fields on one convenient platform. Also, the costs of scouting may be reduced to a considerable extent.
|Forest Carbon Monitoring||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd.||Finland||The Forest Carbon Monitoring (FCM) project investigates the best approaches for forest biomass and carbon monitoring. It [...]||Not yet available|
The Forest Carbon Monitoring (FCM) project investigates the best approaches for forest biomass and carbon monitoring. It develops a system prototype meeting the requirements of different forestry stakeholder groups. The monitoring system will utilize the Forestry TEP platform, and it aims to provide means for forestry stakeholders to respond to increasing carbon monitoring and reporting requirements. Forestry companies may want to monitor carbon balance for forest sustainability requirements, carbon compensation schemes, forest certification or consumer demands. Administrative authorities can produce information for national and international reporting. The system will also enable European-wide analyses of distribution and changes in forest biomass and carbon. The system’s focus is initially in Europe but can be expanded to other continents. The project is funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) and lasts two years (July 2021-June 2023). It is coordinated by the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, with eight partners (AFRY, European Forest Institute, Gamma Remote Sensing, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Natural Resources Institute Finland, Satellio, Simosol and the University of Helsinki). Ten user organizations are cooperating with the project consortium to develop optimal monitoring approaches for different types of user groups. Private companies, regional and national agencies, and international organizations are represented. The demonstrations are designed to meet the needs of the users. After the initial stakeholder requirement review, the goal is to compare and evaluate several forest biomass and carbon monitoring approaches during the project’s first year. During the project’s second year, demonstrations from private company estates to European-level mapping will be conducted and validated. The partner companies will receive output products and analyses to meet their forest biomass and carbon monitoring requirements. The lists of products (incl. forest structural variable maps, biomass and volume increment maps, and change monitoring) were defined together with the user partners during the project’s first months. Overall, the aim is to develop a system that allows service providers in the future to provide forest biomass and carbon monitoring services using the forest carbon platform utilizing Forestry TEP. The platform will enable different types of users to request data that meets their purposes. The datasets will be produced with methods that best meet the users’ needs.
|Forest TEP platform services for KvarkenSat Innovation Challenge 2022 on Sustainable Forestry||University of Vaasa, Digital Economy Research Platform||Finland||Our EU Interreg project operates within the region of Botnia-Atlantica in central Sweden and Finland. It supports regional [...]||Not yet available|
Our EU Interreg project operates within the region of Botnia-Atlantica in central Sweden and Finland. It supports regional businesses to develop opportunities within the “new space” economy and involves ecosystem-building support to commercialize existing space-based data. A component of our project is an end-to-end satellite mission technology demonstration process named “KvarkenSat”, having hyperspectral imaging, positioning, AIS and radio communication capabilities.
|GEN4OLIVE- HORIZON2020- GA. 101000427||Cordoba University||Spain||The objectives of the project include: 1. Enhace the preservation, evaluation and use of olive genetic resources for [...]||Not yet available|
The objectives of the project include: 1. Enhace the preservation, evaluation and use of olive genetic resources for improving the olive breeding and the delivery of new varieties
|Geo-spatial modelling and mapping of landscape||Institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academic Sciences||Mongolia||The remote sensing application in the mining industry can serve to monitor and compute a spatial-temporal model of the mining [...]||Not yet available|
The remote sensing application in the mining industry can serve to monitor and compute a spatial-temporal model of the mining activities. It is the main inputs to an environmental impact assessment of mining sites at both local and regional level. On the other hand, the mining industry affects variety
|Geobotanical Remote Sensing for Resource Assessment in the Philippines||Philippine Space Agency||Philippines (The)||In a tropical country like the Philippines, it is expected that the country is densely vegetated and cloud cover is [...]||Not yet available|
In a tropical country like the Philippines, it is expected that the country is densely vegetated and cloud cover is prevalent. In fact, at least twenty five percent (25%) of the Philippines is covered in dense vegetation while cloud cover ranges, on the average, from twenty to fifty percent (20- 50%) on a monthly basis. This makes prospecting for and mapping of resources, like renewable energy and minerals, on a national and regional level using Remote Sensing challenging.
|Geographically Local Representation Learning with a Spatial Prior for Visual Localization||Universiteit van Amsterdam||Netherlands (the)||For autonomous driving vehicles, matching a camera image to a database of geo-referenced aerial imagery can serve as a method [...]||Not yet available|
For autonomous driving vehicles, matching a camera image to a database of geo-referenced aerial imagery can serve as a method for self-localization. However, existing work on cross-view matching only aims at global localization and overlooks the easily accessible rough location estimates from GNSS or temporal filtering. Prior work has already demonstrated fusing the crossview matching scores of a vehicle’s camera stream with real GPS measurements, a learned geographically local representation
|Geology CK Kazakhstan||ТОО "Kazakhmys Barlau"||Kazakhstan||The project aims to explore the geotectonic position of Northern Kazakhstan using satellite images and confirm that the [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to explore the geotectonic position of Northern Kazakhstan using satellite images and confirm that the territory is characterized by a complex geological structure, represented by a combination of blocks of rocks of various ages, various geodynamic settings and a large-scale manifestation of intrusive magmatism. The ancient Kokchetav microcontinent represents the central part of the region with a consolidation age of 1.2-1.0 billion years, framed by Caledonian structures. In the northeast of the Kokchetav central massif is the East-Kokchetav zone, in the east Stepnyak, in the southwest Kalmykkul, and in the northwest Maryevskaya. The East Kokchetav zone is considered an offshoot of the large Seleta-Stepnyak zone, separated by the Eshkeolmessky uplift, representing a complex ensemble of island-arc (Stepnyak and Seletinskaya island arcs) terranes of Early Cambrian and Early Paleozoic age. All zones are composed mainly of Ordovician complexes with small tectonic blocks of Riphean and Cambrian rocks. Younger Devonian and Carboniferous deposits form separate graben-synclines superimposed on the Caledonids. The metallogeny of gold in this region is determined by two main epochs, the Riphean and Early Paleozoic. Small deposits and manifestations of the copper-pyrite and gold-pyrite formations characterize the Riphean and Early Cambrian metallogenic epochs. The Early Paleozoic age is characterized by the most extensive gold mineralization and is represented by deposits of several telluric-bismuth-arsenic-copper-gold formations. Regionally, many gold deposits are confined to the complexes of the Stepnyak zone (synclinoria), arcing the Kokchetav massif from the northeast, east and southeast, composed mainly of volcanogenic sedimentary and plutogenic rocks of Ordovician age.
|GIS-Co||ESIM||Tunisie||The Gis-Co is a project that tend to invest in the data harvested from satellite through remote sensing and hydrological [...]||Not yet available|
The Gis-Co is a project that tend to invest in the data harvested from satellite through remote sensing and hydrological calculations to the welfare of residents in the Tunis city . this project at it’s first period is educational , the design zone would be in southern west of the gouvernerate of Ben Arous as the construction of a new industrial site has been taken place with a potential threat for the welfare of citizens . An initial mapping of the zone with a 30 meter spatial resolution free earth explorer maps is not sufficient for making precise and sophisticated calculation of the following parameters . This project tends to:
|Glacial lakes Susceptibility in Northern Pakistan||GB-EPA||Pakistan||Glaciers have been present in the Hindikush Karakorum Himalaya (HKH) region since the last ice age. The glacial region of HKH [...]||Not yet available|
Glaciers have been present in the Hindikush Karakorum Himalaya (HKH) region since the last ice age. The glacial region of HKH is considered as “water tower of Asia” because it stores water in ice and snow and supplies water in the world’s largest rivers. This is important for providing life, supporting sustainable agriculture, forest-based livelihood, and producing hydroelectricity. Climate change has been influencing the glaciated environment, causing the retreat of glaciers worldwide. However, glaciers extent in Karakorum has remained constant since the 1970s, and the number of reports has indicated that glaciers are advancing. The retreat or advance of glaciers in most areas of HKH has resulted in the formation of glacial lakes and the expansion of existing lakes. The frequency of glacial hazards has increased as a consequence of this situation. Unstable glacial lake dams discharge vast amounts of water and debris known as glacial lake outbursts flood (GLOFs). GLOFs have caused damage to property, agriculture, infrastructure and affected downstream communities. Therefore, monitoring glaciers and glaciers lakes must be monitored to reduce the challenges and risks while securing their potential benefits. Remote sensing techniques and satellite observations offer a flexible approach for spatial and temporal assessment and monitoring of glacial lakes and GLOFs. The research will be carried out in Western Karakorum, Gilgit Baltistan. The main aim of this study is to identify and classify glacial lakes in Western Karakorum, Pakistan, through remote sensing techniques and examine their expansion in relevance to their susceptibility to GLOF.
|Golden Sparrow LV||Golden Sparrow Technology and Blockchain Development Latvia SIA||Latvia||The project objectives are:|
• Το frame an operational algorithm for a technological framework that would contribute to [...]
|Not yet available|
The project objectives are:
|Graph Signal Processing for Remote Sensing||Novamite||United States of America (the)||The proposed project would investigate the use of Graph Signal Processing (GSP) for remote sensing problems. Observations [...]||Not yet available|
The proposed project would investigate the use of Graph Signal Processing (GSP) for remote sensing problems. Observations provided by different satellites are often packaged as separate products with different spatiotemporal resolutions and coverage. With existing technologies, these differences in resolution are significant obstacles to combining multi-sensor (e.g., radar, visible, short-wave infrared) observations from various satellites. Motivated by these considerations, we will explore a graph-based analysis and visualization method that integrates publicly available observations from geostationary (GEO) and low Earth orbiting (LEO) satellites. The aim is to produce actionable datasets for applications where remote sensing data provide significant added value. Our main goal is to explore a technology that enables the integration of satellite data with in-situ measurements), while using relevant ancillary data (terrain information, for example). We propose an alternative to existing merging methods based on graph signal interpolation. Graphs are a good fit for processing signals that: i) lie on irregular domains and ii) are the result of physical processes where observed correlations can be attributed to the effect of multiple variables. Our novel GSP approach estimates high-resolution observations using graph-based interpolation on a graph constructed with weights that are a function of ancillary data such as altitude and temperature at high resolution. The explored methodology will construct graphs that allow us to combine multiple observations (from different satellites and at different resolutions) with relevant geoinformation. In this formulation, coarse observations are considered graph signals at specific nodes. In contrast, graph edge weights are chosen as a function of terrain information (e.g., distance, differences in altitude or similarity between neighbouring observations from another instrument).
|Green Transition Information factories||European Space Agency||Italy||This project aims to address the Green transition needs by providing tools to key stakeholders to improve their understanding [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to address the Green transition needs by providing tools to key stakeholders to improve their understanding and provide them with evidence-based information to support the green transition. Furthermore, these tools will provide actionable information for citizens, policy-makers and stakeholders engaged in the green transition. In this project, large amounts of earth observation datasets will be used to derive relevant key indicators for different green transition domains, namely for the energy transition, mobility transition, sustainable cities, carbon accounting and earth observation adaptation services, each of which addresses several applications.
|Green Transition Information Factory – Demonstrator for Austria (GTIF-AT) – Renewable Energy Production Potential||DHI A/S||Denmark||The study's main objective is to obtain improved high-resolution maps of renewable energy sources (RES) potential for [...]||Not yet available|
The study’s main objective is to obtain improved high-resolution maps of renewable energy sources (RES) potential for planning activities of the future Austrian power sector. The key RES of interest will be wind, solar and hydropower. Additional renewable energy resources are also relevant but have not been considered since their assessment either overlap with other GTIF-AT scenarios (biomass) or require fundamentally different approaches and highly specific local data (e.g. geothermal heat). Furthermore, the availability of RES is only relevant if this energy can be accessed and harnessed. Mapping RES potential, therefore, has to include two elements, i.e. the mapping of the availability of RES in time and space as well as their applicability, like estimating RES potential by also considering factors that either constrain or enable effective usage of the available RES.
|Green Transition Information Factory (GTIF) – Demonstrator for Austria||Solenix c/o ESA||Italy||The ESA Green Transition Information Factory (GTIF) allows users to interactively discover the underlying opportunities and [...]||Not yet available|
The ESA Green Transition Information Factory (GTIF) allows users to interactively discover the underlying opportunities and complexities of transitioning to carbon neutrality by 2050 using the power of Earth Observation, cloud-computing and cutting edge analytics.
|Ground Deformation Detection and Risk Information Service (EO4MASRISK)||University of Ljubljana||Slovenia||The main goal of the EO4MASRISK is to fully utilize Sentinel-1 data, evolving from periodically updated ground deformation [...]||Not yet available|
The main goal of the EO4MASRISK is to fully utilize Sentinel-1 data, evolving from periodically updated ground deformation maps to early mapping and monitoring of landslide activity to increase urban resilience. EO4MASRISK service will help stakeholders and end-users to easily identify landslide moving areas and related potential impacts on built-up areas. The EO4MASRISK service functionality will provide the following information: Ground deformation time series; Ground deformation yearly velocity map; Landslide activity map (three levels, e.g., low, medium, high); Map of vulnerable elements at risk, e.g. buildings and infrastructure (three levels, e.g. low, medium and high); Datasets of the economic value of a property (available only for stakeholders); Potential damage map (three levels, e.g., aesthetic, functional, structural); Economic impact of a landslide on a building or infrastructure (euros/m²).
|Ground deformation from meteorological, seismic and anthropogenic changes analysed by remote sensing, geomatic experiments and extended reality||University of Liège||Belgium||Within this ESA Living Planet Fellowship, we mainly intend to analyse ground deformation hazards induced by meteorological [...]||Not yet available|
Within this ESA Living Planet Fellowship, we mainly intend to analyse ground deformation hazards induced by meteorological changes and seismotectonic conditions in eastern Belgium, western Germany and the south-eastern Netherlands. Thus, its outcomes should also be interesting for the ongoing Interreg project Einstein Telescope EMR Site & Technology (E-TEST). The focus is on the differentiation of weather-induced and seismotectonically influenced Earth surface processes in the E-Test area, where human-induced groundwater level changes are observed. The regional aspect of ground deformation in the E-Test area would be approached by Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR) processing. Detailed analyses will be performed along the numerous faults crossing the E-Test area. Differential ground deformation across fault structures should be relatively small, probably a few millimetres. Such small displacements require precise surveying using DInSAR studies supported by installing fixed corner reflectors. Also, repeated very high resolution (VHR) images and digital elevation model (DEM) will be collected using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles covering the whole potentially subsiding area.
|Groundwater Resources Management by Integrating EO-Derived Monitoring||Dokuz Eylul University||Turkey||In this research project, we would like to explore areas of land subsidence with the P-SBAS on-demand processing service on [...]||Not yet available|
In this research project, we would like to explore areas of land subsidence with the P-SBAS on-demand processing service on the GEP. The objective is to obtain land displacement velocities for watersheds that are over-exploited and need modeling-based approaches to mitigate the risk of land subsidence. Land subsidence data obtained from the InSAR processing on the GEP is going to be used as calibration data for a geomechanical model, which will be coupled with a groundwater flow model. Therefore, the acquisition of P-SBAS processed InSAR data from the GEP is critical for our project. Foreseen results are as follows:
|High Conservation Value Mapping of the Mount Mantalingahan Protected Landscape||Center for Conservation Innovation Ph||Philippines (the)||The project's objectives are:|
1. To identify high conservation values existing in Mount Mantalingahan Protected [...]
|Not yet available|
The project’s objectives are:
|High quality DSM/DTM generation from high resolution(1-3m) data using artificial intelligence||I am a Freelancer who has an idea||Malaysia||Digital surface and digital terrain models are critical in different industrial sectors. But there is a barrier towards [...]||Not yet available|
Digital surface and digital terrain models are critical in different industrial sectors. But there is a barrier towards getting these products: the high cost of very high-resolution data (30cm to 50cm). Our project aims to generate high-quality DSM and building height models using high-resolution data (1-3 meters) instead of VHRI by developing and applying state-of-the-art artificial intelligence algorithms. The beneficiaries of the project will be environmental managers and telecommunication specialists.
|High Value Crops POC||Graniot Satellite Technologies||Spain||The project is focused on the creation of several functionalities that are useful in the agricultural sector. Specifically, [...]||Not yet available|
The project is focused on the creation of several functionalities that are useful in the agricultural sector. Specifically, these features will be useful in high-value crops like almonds, olive-grooves, pistachios and avocados, between others.
|High-Spatial Resolution Mapping of Above-Ground Carbon (AGC) Stocks||Albo Climate||Israel||Established in 2019, Albo-Climate is combining geospatial modeling and AI expertise to provide state-of-the-art remote [...]||Not yet available|
Established in 2019, Albo-Climate is combining geospatial modeling and AI expertise to provide state-of-the-art remote sensing solutions for carbon-stock and ecosystem monitoring across diverse ecosystems. Albo’s technology solves the manual, expensive, hardware-dependent in-field measurements common in the carbon-credit market. We are creating a new paradigm of transparency and scalability in Nature-Based Climate Projects, by mapping land-use and carbon-stock changes at high accuracy and on a per-pixel resolution. Our innovative solution has already received the Solar Impulse Prize and Official Concept Note Approval from Verra, the largest registry for voluntary carbon credits in the world.
|How we shape our environment||University of London||Germany||The key project aim of this master thesis is to apply state-of-the-art deep learning methods on satellite|
imagery to [...]
|Not yet available|
The key project aim of this master thesis is to apply state-of-the-art deep learning methods on satellite
|HYDRO-ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE SANAGA RIVER BASIN AND MULTI-CRITERIA STRATEGIC PLANNING FOR SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT||UNIVERSITY OF DOUALA||Cameroon||This study generally aims at investigating what are the most efficient IWRM and IRBM strategies to develop and implement [...]||Not yet available|
This study generally aims at investigating what are the most efficient IWRM and IRBM strategies to develop and implement that will ensure social and hydroecological resiliency of the Sanaga River Basin in the context of climate uncertainties? The overall purpose of this dissertation is to elaborate predictive hydrological machine learning models and roadmap schemes for decision makers that will enable them to enhance water security, water access and resilience in managing fisheries and energy resources of the Sanaga River Basin in the context of climate change and increasing water scarcity risks; and to propose adapted management strategies as mitigative solutions. Specifically, we will:
|HYDROCOASTAL||Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche||Italy||The objectiv eof the project is to compare state-of-the-art and Hydrocoastal products in the Northern Adriatic Sea against in [...]||Not yet available|
The objectiv eof the project is to compare state-of-the-art and Hydrocoastal products in the Northern Adriatic Sea against in situ measurements.
|HYDROCOASTAL||University of Bonn||Germany||The main objective of the project is to maximise exploitation of SAR and SARin altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of the project is to maximise exploitation of SAR and SARin altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and inland waters, by evaluating and implementing new approaches to process SAR and SARin data from CryoSat-2, and SAR altimeter data from Sentinel-3A and Sentinel-3B. There are specific objectives for each of the Coastal Zone and Inland Water domains, and particular Technical Challenges to be addressed. However, one of the key aims is to link together and better understand the interactions processes between river discharge and coastal sea level. Key outputs are global coastal zone and river discharge data sets, and assessments of these products in terms of their scientific impact. The aim of the project is to study new approaches for processing SAR and SARin data from Sentinel-3 in coastal zone and inland water. Various approaches are evaluated in selected test zones and the most promising processing schemes are identified. The chosen approach is then implemented to generate global coastal zone and discharge datasets and the scientific impact of these products is evaluated in few case studies.
|IForest||DLR||Germany||Existing methodologies for monitoring the temporal changes in forest areas have poor performances in high altitude and [...]||Not yet available|
Existing methodologies for monitoring the temporal changes in forest areas have poor performances in high altitude and sloping areas such as Alp mountains or Iberian mountains. That is why, in such hilly regions, prediction of tree cover density or decision on forest existence and forest type are highly error prone, as already demonstrated by [Dostálová et al.] [Cremer et al.]. Thus, our aim in this research is to develop a robust tree cover density prediction algorithm by combining the earth observation data with topographic information and climate categories. Existing European wide forest change detection methodologies are mostly rely on classical statistical measurements and thresholding techniques, however in our research, we are aiming at using advanced machine learning techniques such as variants of UNet and Transformer architectures.
|Illegal Landfills detection & monitoring automated with Deep Learning technologies||DISAITEK||France||The project intends to bring information about new and current fly tipping and illegal landfills over the territories. We do [...]||Not yet available|
The project intends to bring information about new and current fly tipping and illegal landfills over the territories. We do that by combining very high-resolution optical images with state-of-the-art deep learning algorithms. We integrate the results of our analysis in a geographical database, and we build collaborative functions to help stakeholders coordinate their action to evacuate the waste and wipe the polluted sites. Our end users are public authorities that struggle to understand the phenomenon and the spatio-temporal patterns due to the lack of a platform centralizing all the location, date of images, approximated volume, growth over images acquisition and actions that have been undertaken on the locations.
|Impacts of cultural burns on forest recovery||The University of Queensland||Australia||Project objectives: Scientific VM template to provide continuity after esa365 migration||Not yet available|
Project objectives: Scientific VM template to provide continuity after esa365 migration
|Improvement of Coastal Altimetry Datasets in Indonesian Seas for Marine Geoid Determination||Astronomische, Physikalische und Mathematische Geodäsie Arbeitsgruppe||Germany||As a continuation of research regarding the development of regional correction models (Nadzir, 2017; Passaro, Nadzir, & [...]||Not yet available|
As a continuation of research regarding the development of regional correction models (Nadzir, 2017; Passaro, Nadzir, & Quartly, 2018) and to utilize many advancements achieved by various Coastal Altimetry datasets (Passaro, Cipollini, Vignudelli, Quartly, & Snaith, 2014; Birol, et al., 2021), a comprehensive evaluation of various retracker designed for coastal areas and development of regional correction model are planned to improve altimetry data around Indonesian seas further, in turn also improving the estimated marine geoid model. This topic is mainly divided into two parts: improving the altimetry dataset by comparing coastal datasets, developing regional correction models, and establishing a marine gravity model from the improved datasets. Five working packages (WPs) are dedicated to fulfilling this goal that will last for ~ 36 months. The first WP is working towards finding the most suitable coastal datasets (currently using five datasets: ALES (Passaro, Cipollini, Vignudelli, Quartly, & Snaith, 2014), X-TRACK/ALES (Birol, et al., 2021), TUDaBo (Fenoglio & Buchhaupt, 2018), STARS (Roscher, Uebbing, & Kusche, 2017) and SAMOSA++ (Dinardo, et al., 2020)). Then, the process will continue in the 2nd WP, which is concerned with formulating correction models, currently the sea-state bias model. After that, the improved altimetry datasets will be used to determine the marine gravity model of Indonesia, using either sea surface slope (SSS (Sandwell & Smith, 1997)) or sea surface height (SSH (Andersen, Knudsen, & Berry, 2010)). The results will be compared and validated in the 4th WP, similar to Zhang, Abulaitijiang, Andersen, Sandwell, & Beale, 2021. Moreover, in this WP, the marine geoid model will be compared with various global models such as XGM2019e (Zingerle, Pail, Gruber, & Iokonomidou, 2020) and EIGEN-6C4 (Förste, et al., 2014). Lastly, in the 5th WP, land data provided by the Indonesian Geospatial Agency (BIG) will be assimilated with the marine gravity model to obtain Indonesia’s most updated gravity model.
|Improving Livelihood of Farmers||Olam||India||The objective of the project is to assess the health conditions of different crops such as coffee, cotton across various [...]||Not yet available|
The objective of the project is to assess the health conditions of different crops such as coffee, cotton across various plantations in Africa, South America and Asia by using high resolution satellite images. The project aids the farmers by providing timely remedies to improve the yield. This helps the farmers to take rapid decisions on various remedies to be considered for effective yield. The solution will help upon the following functionalities:
|Informal urban fabrics flood resilience||University of Liege||Belgium||"Floods are increasingly affecting many countries globally, and in particular, urban areas, over the past decades. In several [...]||Not yet available|
“Floods are increasingly affecting many countries globally, and in particular, urban areas, over the past decades. In several Global South cities and particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, they are the most frequent disaster. The gradual transformation of natural soils into impervious surfaces has led to a low infiltration capacity and a growing surface runoff volume. This change, which reflects urbanisation, has become uncontrolled due to poor control over land, rapid housing production, urban growth, and cities’ fragmentation legacy inherited from the colonial period. Over time, so-called “”informal”” settlements have been set up in spaces where the risk of flooding is high. This mechanism tends to weaken vulnerable populations, including the poor and people “”trapped”” in these areas. The adaptation measures adopted by both the population and other actors (governmental* and non-governmental) are often temporary and insufficient. Given the population growth projections for these cities, there is a risk that future urban expansion amplifies the exposure of vulnerable groups to flooding in the coming years.
|Inland water altimetry||Southern University of Science and||China||Satellite altimetry has been increasingly used for inland water monitoring. For instance, a plethron of studies investigated [...]||Not yet available|
Satellite altimetry has been increasingly used for inland water monitoring. For instance, a plethron of studies investigated lake level variations across the globe to look into the responses of lakes to climate changes and human activities. Moreover, altimetry can establish so-called virtual hydrological stations and provide river water level time series. Thus, this information is used for hydrological studies, such as discharge estimation, hydrodynamic modelling, etc. However, operational applications are rare because altimetry-derived water level quality varies with certain conditions, especially the topography and surroundings. This issue has been reported frequently in the literature. The retrieval water level of narrow rivers is challenging. Indeed, this is a big challenge for the potential use of altimetry for hydrology, hydraulics, water resources management, etc. Our previous work has demonstrated the value of altimetry-derived water level data for hydrodynamic model simulation, especially the Cryosat-2 with dense ground coverage. Given the sparse gauging stations, altimetry-derived water levels can greatly facilitate flood modelling and forecasting. Current altimeters, such as Cryosat-2 and Sentinel-3, often offer pretty good data quality. However, whether accurate water levels can be retrieved depends on the algorithms. Exploring the capability of different altimeters for narrow river-level retrieval is a necessary step for improvement. This has not been widely studied, and the potentials are poorly understood. We ask whether it is feasible to use altimetry data to construct water level time series for narrow rivers. Therefore, we will develop algorithms to enhance water level retrieval in this project.
|InSAR for underground water extraction impact on landslides subsidence in vulnerable regions||European Union Satellite Centre||Spain||This use case belongs to a pilot project of the Space and Security Community Activity of the Group on Earth Observations [...]||Not yet available|
This use case belongs to a pilot project of the Space and Security Community Activity of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO), carried out in cooperation between EU SatCen, ESA, EuroGeoSurveys (in particular with the Instituto Geologico y Minero de España -IGME), the World Food Programme and the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) and the IHE Delft Institute, on an in-kind basis. The pilot is coordinated by EU SatCen, while WFP acts as liaison with its field office in Pakistan and relevant Pakistani users. IGME is extrapolating previous algorithms and results to an Area of Interest (AoI) in Pakistan. In addition, ESA and BKG support analysing users’ needs and identifying synergies with available resources. Pakistan is now ranked as the world’s fifth-largest population. It is among South Asia’s most rapidly urbanising countries (annual rate of 3%). According to the United Nations Population Division, by 2025, nearly half of the country’s population will live in urban areas.
|InSAR hosted services for monitoring pipelines||Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh)||Greece||The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) is a pipeline that extends from the Turkey-Greece border, crosses the northern Greece [...]||Not yet available|
The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) is a pipeline that extends from the Turkey-Greece border, crosses the northern Greece mainland and southern Albania, and ends up in southern Italy through the Adriatic Sea. Along this pipeline, several areas of geohazards have been identified posing a threat to the integrity of the pipeline. These geohazards are related to slope failures i.e., landslides and rockfalls, liquefaction and subsidence. This project focus on landslides that represent the most significant hazard for TAP due to the fact that can induced severe damages to the pipeline in case of triggering of the mass movement. In particular, the goal of this project is twofold; application of the InSAR technique in order to identify areas of active slope failures along the TAP and monitoring them in order to evaluate the landslide displacement rates. Furthermore, the obtained results by the application of InSAR will be compared to an existing inventory of landslides along the TAP corridor and validated based on the outcome of inclinometer systems that have been installed within the landsliding mass in order to measure the displacement along the sliding surfaces.
|Integration of the TreeTalker system and passive, active and hyperspectral satellite sensors for the monitoring of seasonal phenological dynamics at the level of species and forest ecosystems in Italy||University of Tuscia||Italy||This project is summarized in the following objectives: 1) To evaluate the variability in the spectral response of the [...]||Not yet available|
This project is summarized in the following objectives: 1) To evaluate the variability in the spectral response of the TreeTalker (TT+) sensor to the transmission of sunlight for the monitoring of seasonal phenological dynamics at the level of forest species. 2) To evaluate the variability in the spectral response of the TT+ sensor to the transmission of sunlight. for the monitoring of seasonal phenological dynamics in different forest ecosystems of the TT+ network. 3) Expand the scale of evaluation of forest ecosystems by integrating the spectral information of the TT+ sensor with active, passive and hyperspectral sensors for seasonal phenological evaluation and ecophysiological parameters in the areas with TT+ network monitoring.
|Investigation of illegal sand mining in South-East Asia||ESA||Italy||The project aims to identify the nature and extent of illegal sand mining and subsequent impacts on societies and ecosystems [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to identify the nature and extent of illegal sand mining and subsequent impacts on societies and ecosystems in South-East Asia, particularly in the Mekong Delta area and the Ayeyarwady region. As urbanization and population growth drive the demand for construction materials worldwide, local riverine and ecosystems are under increasing stress due to the exponential growth of dredging activities. However, the official reports on mining are considered unreliable as they do not account for the illegal sources of sand. Illegal mining is estimated to constitute one-third of the total sand demand in South-East Asia. Therefore, international organizations like the UN and the WWF, among others, are calling for research into sand mining monitoring systems to identify illegal activity. Moreover, they want to inform regulations and policies to hinder indiscriminate mining that threatens severe environmental damage, ecosystem services, and people’s livelihoods.
|KOTYS||KOTYS Technologies||Romania||The project objectives are to transform agriculture into a source of passive income for farmers and create an ecosystem based [...]||Not yet available|
The project objectives are to transform agriculture into a source of passive income for farmers and create an ecosystem based on AI using the Farming As A Service (FAAS) concept.
|Land usage classification for the Belt Road||Institute for AI R&D of Serbia||Serbia||Objective of this project is to examine how the railroad system impacts the living environment in a certain region, by using [...]||Not yet available|
Objective of this project is to examine how the railroad system impacts the living environment in a certain region, by using artificial intelligence and land classification.
|Landslides due to wet micro explosion in Santa Catarina Brazil||UFSC||Brazil||The project aims to analyze and monitor the landslides caused by wet microexplosions in Brazil using Sentinel Hub VAS - EDC. [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to analyze and monitor the landslides caused by wet microexplosions in Brazil using Sentinel Hub VAS – EDC. The primary focus is to detect and predict the occurrence of landslides and assess the extent of the damage caused by them. The project aims to provide valuable insights and information to various stakeholders, including government authorities, emergency services, and local communities, to enable them to take preventive measures and respond effectively during a landslide caused by a wet micro explosion. The project results will also be helpful for urban planners and developers to design and implement appropriate infrastructure and land use policies. The project’s beneficiaries are the residents on the oceanic Coast of South and Southeast Brazil, who will benefit from the increased safety and reduced risks of property damage and loss of life due to landslides.
|LAYERS HD upgrade||HEMAV Technology, S.L.||Spain||LAYERS is an AgTech platform currently being used by more than 3.000 users around the globe for all kinds of crops in four [...]||Report|
LAYERS is an AgTech platform currently being used by more than 3.000 users around the globe for all kinds of crops in four main products: SatTech2.0, SatPred, SoilTech and DroneTech. This platform evolved from drone-only to multi-input mainly for the operative costs and complications of the drone operations. However, drone are still being used in some “surgical crop-specific” use cases such as tree counting, weed or disease detection and monitoring.
|Local Glaciers Sisimiut (LOGS)||Institute of Polar Sciences - National||Italy||LOGS project aims at investigating the past, recent, and future evolution of a hundred Local Glaciers (LG) near the Greenland [...]||Not yet available|
LOGS project aims at investigating the past, recent, and future evolution of a hundred Local Glaciers (LG) near the Greenland settlement of Sisimiut. Greenland LGs, namely those glaciers not linked with the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS), are often overlooked by the research community in favour of GrIS, despite their higher sensitivity to climate change. LGs contribute for 15% of Greenland’s ice loss and have an important role in the local landscape providing hydropower, serving as recreational terrain and affecting local ecosystems. Understanding the past, recent and future evolution of such landforms is therefore not only fundamental to evaluate the cryosphere’s response to global and local warming, but also to inform the locals on the evolution of their natural landscapes and related practical effects.
|Long-term post-seismic ground surface movements in L’Aquila, Italy||University of Florence||Italy||The scope of the project is the determination of long-term post-seismic ground surface movements in L'Aquila (Italy) after [...]||Report|
The scope of the project is the determination of long-term post-seismic ground surface movements in L’Aquila (Italy) after the devastating earthquake of Mw 6.1, on April 6, 2009. This earthquake highlighted the incomplete understanding of the geology of the area, in particular the Quaternary continental deposits and active tectonics, which caused the Paganica fault system to be ignored by researchers. Coseismic seismological and geodetic data converge in modeling a NWstriking, SW-dipping, normal fault (length ranging between 12 and 19 km) as the causative fault of the 2009 earthquake (Chiaraluce, 2012 and references therein). Soon after the earthquake, a fault bounding to the east of the Middle Aterno Valley, along which primary coseismic ruptures, was interpreted as the surface expression of the modeled fault (Boncio et al., 2010; Emergeo Working Group, 2010; Falcucci et al., 2009; Galli, Giaccio, & Messina, 2010; Vittori et al., 2011). The scientific production concerning seismological, geodetic and geologic coseismic data is focused on the identification of the seismic sources. In particular, the geodetic data is focused only on co-seismic and immediate postearthquake. **The aim of our project is to investigate post-earthquake movements to understand the evolution of the fault system by using a novel approach derived by the calibration and integration of ESA Sentinel1 InSAR with GNSS and with high-resolution leveling networks measured in 2009 and 2018. **
|Machine Learning for Dynamical Monitoring of Explosive Volcanoes||THALES SERVICES NUMERIQUES||France||With nearly half a billion people living in the close vicinity of active volcanoes around the world, the volcanic threat [...]||Report|
With nearly half a billion people living in the close vicinity of active volcanoes around the world, the volcanic threat nowadays represents a major subject of global societal issues focusing on both the population protection / prevention and health. The diversity of acquisition systems, as well as the availability of large quantities of data, make the use of space imagery particularly suitable to meet the technical needs raised by the dynamic monitoring of continental surfaces.
|Machine Learning for Sea Ice Challenge (AutoICE)||Norwegian Computing Center||Norway||The Norwegian Computing Center, the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Polar [...]||Not yet available|
The Norwegian Computing Center, the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Polar View, Nansen Environmental Remote Sensing Center (NERSC) and ESA (European Space Agency) have created a sea ice challenge, intending to bring together ΑΙ and Earth Observation players to address the challenge of “automated sea ice mapping” from Sentinel-1 SAR data.
|Machine Learning landslide detection model||Politecnico di Milano||Italy||This project aims to create a training dataset and train a machine learning model with the collected dataset to detect [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to create a training dataset and train a machine learning model with the collected dataset to detect landslide events based on change detection using two images of areas affected by landslides: a pre-event image and a post-event image. Further objectives include testing one of the most advanced earth observation-specific collaborative platforms and seeing if there is enough support to conduct academic research, including training a machine learning model. Furthermore, the project aims to benefit the landslide inventory sources with a tool that can detect landslides automatically, thus making it easier to create a database with new events. It shall also benefit the academic field of research on landslide prevention and machine learning methods application. The case study will be developed within the joint project of the GIS GEOLab of Politecnico di Milano and the Hanoi University of Natural Resources and Environment in Vietnam -the ‘Geoinformtics and Earth Observation for Landslide Monitoring’. Lastly, the project shall also be beneficial to the openEO platform itself.
|Managing water resources within Mediterranean agrosystems: Contribution of the Interferometric products||University of Carthage, Higher School of communications of Tunis (SUP'COM)||Tunisia||Adaptation of water and land management is essential in the Mediterranean basin, which is already facing overexploitation of [...]||Not yet available|
Adaptation of water and land management is essential in the Mediterranean basin, which is already facing overexploitation of water/soil resources and will experience significant hazards due to changes in climate forcing. Meeting the growing demand for food and water requires rationales for designing innovative solutions in agricultural land use planning and practices so that stakeholders (e.g., public authorities including water and agricultural managers, farmer or water user associations) can setup trade-offs between various needs at different levels (e.g., agriculture versus other uses, farmers versus farmers). In the context of rainfed and irrigated agriculture, innovative solutions must aim to collect better, store, distribute and use water resources to manage current situations and design possible evolution pathways. Therefore, water resource managers are looking for decision support system (DSS) tools based on the modulation of spatial structures and connectivities induced by hydro-agricultural practices (e.g., land use, inter-cropping, irrigation techniques) and infrastructures (e.g., reservoirs like dams, benches). Existing integrated water management frameworks include, among other things, integrated modelling schemes to simulate evolution impacts in terms of matter fluxes and stakeholder knowledge to design possible evolutions and quantify their impacts. However, these integrated frameworks do not explicitly account for spatial structures and connectivities concerning hydro-agricultural practices and infrastructures.
|Mapping Intraspecific Genetic Variation in Populus Tremuloides||University of California, Berkeley||United States Of America (The)||More extreme, prolonged, and widespread droughts are accelerating tree mortality across biomes. Our ability to mitigate these [...]||Report|
More extreme, prolonged, and widespread droughts are accelerating tree mortality across biomes. Our ability to mitigate these changes depends on our ability to predict when and where mortality events are most likely to occur. This is complicated by the fact that, even within the same species, genetic variation drives phenotypic differences in ecophysiology, which result in populations having differential mortality risk under similar conditions. Thus, forecasting a species’ probability of mortality under drought can be improved by understanding its genetic and phenotypic variation across landscapes.
|MAPPING OF SEMI-FROMAL SETTLEMENTS USING NON-PARAMETRIC||University Of Botswana||Botswana||The main objective of the study is to use non-parametric machine learning classifiers to map informal settlements of Old [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of the study is to use non-parametric machine learning classifiers to map informal settlements of Old Naledi from Sentinel-2 data and Google Earth data. To achieve the main objective, the study will implement the following specific objectives: Extract buildings from European Space Imaging/Maxar WorldView and Google Earth data features using CNN and RF. Examine the significance of GLCM texture in the extraction of buildings in informal settlements. Determine the accuracy of extracting informal buildings from European Space Imaging/Maxar WorldView, and Google Earth using ground-truth data
|Mask R-CNN model calibration for Kuzikus Wildlife Reserve||Wild Intelligence Lab||Germany||"The Wild Intelligence Lab project was launched in January 2021. Since then, we have been able to recruit 40 qualified [...]||Not yet available|
“The Wild Intelligence Lab project was launched in January 2021. Since then, we have been able to recruit 40 qualified students, doctoral candidates, and postdocs from the fields of computer science, engineering, and physics for our project. Wild Intelligence Lab enables objective decision-making in the sustainable development of conservation driven by data. We work on solutions for the protection of threatened ecosystems. We count animals and plants on drone images. Using artificial intelligence, the software recognizes giraffes, rhinos, and antelopes, records animal populations, and calculates the amount of food available. Using satellite imagery, we evaluate the health of trees. By analyzing this data, our work can be used to develop strategies to protect threatened ecosystems. Currently, we are developing our software in close collaboration with the nature reserve Kuzikus in Namibia. Doing so, we can start with a minimal viable product and continuously add software features, tailored to the needs of conservation experts. For us, scalability is key. Thanks to our software architecture, we only need new data from unknown wildlife to train our algorithms for quantifying animals and vegetation, providing wildlife experts with transparency and protecting endangered plant and animal species in the long run. In addition, Dr. Friedrich Reinhard and Berend Reinhard, head of the Kuzikus nature reserve in Namibia, are founding members. Our members are involved voluntarily and some of them are writing theses in the form of master’s theses about the project. Currently, we are working closely together with our partners Kuzikus, Drone Adventures, LiveEO and SAVMAP. We want to use the high-resolution satellite data from Pleiades to calibrate our model and make the algorithms more robust for new areas. In the future, we aim to use the model for new projects, such as the Black Rhino Habitat Suitability Analysis. This is intended to identify new, suitable and safe habitats for black rhinos in Namibia. This should enable the breeding programme for this endangered species to continue. Further information is available at the following link:
|Master Thesis Forest Change Detection using Sentinel 1 & 2 Time-series||University Wuerzburg, Institute of Remote Sensing||Germany||I am analyzing and comparing methods for detecting forest changes using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 time series. The goal is to [...]||Not yet available|
I am analyzing and comparing methods for detecting forest changes using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 time series. The goal is to find a time series change detection method that is robust in detecting different forest changes (wind throw, bark beetle-induced damages and drought stress) at an early stage in “near-real-time”. The combination of optical Sentinel-2 data and radar Sentinel-1 data is promising for near-real-time detection of forest damages as the additional radar data provides essential insights during cloudy or fogged weather conditions, whilst the capacity of Sentinel-2 imagery is limited due to cloud cover. This is especially important for detecting changes due to storm or heavy wind events, in which Sentinel-2 data has been proven insufficient for near-real-time detection. Furthermore, current methodologies mainly focus on optical Sentinel or Landsat data. Thus there is a need for additionally utilizing available radar data. The outcome of this study is a robust time series change detection method which can be applied to newly acquired data in a near-real-time scenario. This time series change detection method may help foresters detect forest changes early and take targeted action to protect their forest from damage such as insect infestations.
|Master Thesis: Global Wildfire Spread Prediction Through the Application of||Technical University of Munich -||Germany||This project aims to build a global wildfire burn mask dataset for 2018-2020 at a 10m resolution for Class E fires (300 [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to build a global wildfire burn mask dataset for 2018-2020 at a 10m resolution for Class E fires (300 acres) or greater. Burn masks are regularly used for wildfire prediction, and wildfire spread prediction. As global conditions continue to worsen due to Climate Change, we must work to minimize the effects of wildfires through artificial intelligence. This dataset is created to provide viable information for neural networks in wildfire prediction. The methodology used to create this dataset is based on the European Forest Fire Information System’s (EFFIS) Burnt Area product and the Global Wildfire Information System’s (GWIS) GlobFire Database. This dataset is necessary as it enhances both of these datasets. While EFFIS already produces a well-respected burnt areas dataset, its resolution is 250m and is only for the EU and surrounding EU countries. The GlobFire dataset is also well respected, though its resolution is 500m. This dataset would be the first of its kind, as its both global and at a resolution of 10m. The results of this project will include three different burn masks for each fire utilizing the dNBR, RdNBR, and RBR (additional information below). Masks will be made publicly available as image files and ESRI Shapefiles. The python script will also be publicly available and include a user guide detailing how it can be used and updated.
|MedEOS – Mediterranean coastal water monitoring||Deimos Space||Portugal||MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to [...]||Not yet available|
MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to acquire coastal water quality information about nondirectly remotely measurable parameters. It is part of the ESA Mediterranean Sea Regional Initiative within FutureEO-Segment1 ESA programmatic line (2020-2022) and aims to develop and produce high-resolution, gap-free maps of experimental EO water quality products by employing data fusion techniques to combine the high temporal resolution of S3-OLCI and high spatial resolution of S2-MSI data. Moreover, MedEOS will develop, implement and demonstrate a methodology to produce an
|MedEOS – Mediterranean coastal water monitoring||Deimos Space||Portugal||MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to [...]||Not yet available|
MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to acquire coastal water quality information about non-directly remotely measurable parameters. It is part of the ESA Mediterranean Sea Regional Initiative within FutureEOSegment1 ESA programmatic line (2020-2022) and aims to develop and produce high-resolution, gap-free maps of experimental EO water quality products by employing data fusion techniques to combine the high temporal resolution of S3-OLCI and high spatial resolution of S2-MSI data. Moreover, MedEOS will develop, implement and demonstrate a methodology to produce an extensive tracking of river plumes in Mediterranean coastal waters with the use of EO products.
|MedEOS – Mediterranean coastal water monitoring||Deimos Engenharia||Portugal||MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to [...]||Not yet available|
MedEOS is a research project that aims to develop, implement and/or generalize methodologies using Earth Observation (EO) to acquire coastal water quality information about non-directly remotely measurable parameters. It is part of the ESA Mediterranean Sea Regional Initiative within the FutureEO-Segment1 ESA programmatic line (2020-2022). It aims to develop and produce high-resolution, gap-free maps of experimental EO water quality products by employing data fusion techniques to combine the high temporal resolution of S3-OLCI and the high spatial resolution of S2-MSI data. Moreover, MedEOS will develop, implement and demonstrate a methodology to extensively track river plumes in Mediterranean coastal waters using EO products.
|Mediterranean Coastline Monitoring||SPASCAT Technologies S.L.||Spain||We aim to develop an algorithm that automatically and periodically tracks and predicts the Mediterranean coast-line and [...]||Not yet available|
We aim to develop an algorithm that automatically and periodically tracks and predicts the Mediterranean coast-line and near-shore bathymetry using Sentinel public information. The main objective is to create a tool that will allow us to predict if the sand amount in the Mediterranean beaches is being depleted or not, at which rates, and in which zones are the most affected. Also, this tool will provide information on the aftermath of any climatic adverse event (hurricane, tsunami, storm, etc.). More information will help stakeholders and decision-makers create new policies that may help preserve the coast-line by directing specific actions. Also, the objective is to replace the yearly campaign using an aeroplane to take orthographic photos of the coast-line, with a product that can weekly monitor the status and evolution of the coast-line. The final project, which is our objective, aims to be user-centric, allowing anybody to use it easily. Finally, different ML and AI algorithms will be implemented so that not only any user can assess what has happened over the years in a specific region. They also can accurately predict the evolution of the coast-line and near-shore bathymetry over the upcoming months.
|Mila landslide 2020||usthb||Algeria||On August 7, 2020, the Mila region was hit by a moderate earthquake which caused a huge|
landslide that swept away 1/4 [...]
|Not yet available|
On August 7, 2020, the Mila region was hit by a moderate earthquake which caused a huge
|MINING AND QUARRYING ACTIVITIES AND THEIR IPLICATIONS ON THE BIOPHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT IN KWALE COUNTY, KENYA||Kenyatta University||Kenya||The project aims to highlight the implications of mining and quarrying activities on the biophysical environment. This will [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to highlight the implications of mining and quarrying activities on the biophysical environment. This will entail spatial mapping, Land Use Land Cover analysis of satellite images to detect changes on land structure and vegetation communities. Impacts of these changes will be analyzed on the hydrology and water resources because the ecosystems in which large scale exploration activities are occurring have water channels passing nearby.
|Modeling Air-Pollution using Earth Observation Datasets||Jawaharlal Nehru University||India||Air pollution is caused by a combination of ~78% nitrogen, ~21% oxygen, ~0.9% argon and the remaining elements include carbon [...]||Not yet available|
Air pollution is caused by a combination of ~78% nitrogen, ~21% oxygen, ~0.9% argon and the remaining elements include carbon dioxide, methane, water vapour, hydrogen, and other trace elements emitted from factories and motor vehicles that burn fuel. The atmosphere is a delicate balance of these gaseous
|MODREC (Hydro modelling of Vesdre Catchment) / LifeWatch (Biodiversirty monitoring, ecological modelling with remote sensing)||Liege University||Belgium||Two projects are involved in this research: |
• MODREC project: after the massive flood of July 2021, Wallonia decided [...]
|Not yet available|
Two projects are involved in this research:
|Monitoring active deformation in the Chilean subduction zone||University of Concepción, Chile||Chile||Along Chile’s entire ~4000 km coastline, oceanic tectonic plates (the Nazca and Antarctic plates) subduct under the South [...]||Not yet available|
Along Chile’s entire ~4000 km coastline, oceanic tectonic plates (the Nazca and Antarctic plates) subduct under the South American continent, repeatedly causing great to large earthquakes. Chile is thus a natural laboratory to better understand the processes related to large earthquakes. The PRECURSOR project is an initiative funded by the Chilean Ministry of Science to investigate the mechanics of slow earthquakes and their relation to precursory signals. For this purpose, we use deployed a pioneering experiment in Chile with a dense distribution of continuous 30 GNSS and 80 seismological stations (https://www.precursor.cl). Our project seeks to improve the detection of interrelated mechanisms controlling the failure of faults, to resolve spatiotemporal relationships between frequent small earthquakes and transient deformation, and provide new insights into the genesis of earthquakes.
|Monitoring and Managing Impacts of Floods from Severe Weather Using||Texas Christian University||United States of America (the)||With the projected recurrence of severe weather events and possibly the accompanying flooding from intense precipitation, an [...]||Not yet available|
With the projected recurrence of severe weather events and possibly the accompanying flooding from intense precipitation, an approach that outlines the susceptibility of recurrently impacted inland and coastal areas to future flood hazards would be beneficial. This is undertaken by assessing the impacts of past occurrences and integrating the findings with factors that constrain the distribution and intensity of the flood hazards. This assessment is particularly useful in the densely-populated coastal parts of the United States (such as the proposed study area). Anthropogenic-led land surface alterations and extreme resource utilization in most areas have led to processes that alter the surface cover and morphology. These changes, in combination with the climate change-induced sea-level rise (SLR), are further increasing the susceptibility of communities and resources to the impacts of flooding resulting from hurricane- and cyclone-induced storm surges. A three-fold approach is proposed in this study to investigate this effect:
|Monitoring coastal vulnerability at UAE||Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi||United Arab Emirates (The)||The United Arab Emirates (UAE) are located on the southern side of the Arabian Gulf, at the north-eastern edge of the Arabian [...]||Not yet available|
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) are located on the southern side of the Arabian Gulf, at the north-eastern edge of the Arabian Plate. The bedrock geology is well exposed in the Hajar Mountains and the Musandam Peninsula of the eastern UAE, and along the southern side of the Arabian Gulf west of Abu Dhabi. The tectonic history of the UAE include the opening of the Red Sea by the Middle to Late Eocene, culminated the start of the NE tilting. The movement of the Arabian crust under the Iranian crust (Subduction Zone) is about 3 cm/year. Thus, the broader area of UAE is considered relatively active and the need to address various geohazards is necessary. The availability of satellite-based techniques, an specifically InSAR, offer the opportunity to measure surface displacements relevant to geohazards, being essential for improving our understanding of the phenomena related to both natural (subsidence, landslides, etc.) and anthropogenic hazards. The significance of these phenomena in terms of risks – to both people and infrastructures – is considerable; the resulting surface displacements must therefore be surveyed in order to prevent potential damages (in the case of anthropogenic hazards, surveillance may even be required by the regulations in force). The main objective of the current work is to address relative sea level changes and coastal vulnerability over entire UAE territory. A precise (millimetric precision) and comprehensive measurement of the ground motion along the coast is therefore required to fully characterize the sea level rise. For this purpose InSAR appears as the most effective tool to link the sea level estimates at global and regional scales to the local scale.
|Monitoring glaciers and volcanoes||Manchester Metropolitan University||United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland (The)||We intend to monitor past (i.e. over recent years) changes in glacier velocity, to establish whether glacier velocity [...]||Not yet available|
We intend to monitor past (i.e. over recent years) changes in glacier velocity, to establish whether glacier velocity increases prior to volcanic eruptions. The results will be of interest to the scientific community, but might also help improve volcano monitoring and associated hazard prediction.
|Monitoring lake level changes on the Tibetan Plateau using Sentinel-3 data||China University of GeoSciences||China||Lakes are an essential part of global water resources. Their changes are important indicators of regional and global climate [...]||Not yet available|
Lakes are an essential part of global water resources. Their changes are important indicators of regional and global climate change and critical parameters for water resource evaluation and water balance analysis in river basins. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is known as the “Asian Water Tower” and is called the “third pole” of the earth, with thousands of lakes. The dynamic monitoring and investigation of the water levels of these lakes is helpful to the research on global climate change and will also provide dynamic monitoring information for the research on lake ecological maintenance, water resource utilization, water cycle and ecological environment process. Satellite altimetry is one of the most important means to obtain changes in lake water levels. After more than 20 years of development, a series of monitoring data of lake water level changes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has been obtained, and the long-term monitoring results of water level changes in some lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1972 to 2021 have been formed. For example, Hwang et al. used T/P series data to monitor the water level changes of 23 lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1993 to 2014, and the smallest, frog lake, was about 25 km2; Gao et al. integrated Envisat, Cryosat-2, Jason-1 and Jason-2 Data, obtained the water level changes of 51 lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 2002 to 2012, and analyzed the impact of permafrost on them; Song et al. used ICESat satellite data to obtain the water level changes of 105 lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 2003 to 2009, and analyzed the water level changes. Its relationship with climate change; Chen et al. integrated the data of Jason-2, Jason-3, CryoSat-2, and Sentinel-3A and obtained the water level changes of 261 lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with an area greater than 10 km2 from 2016 to 2019. Most lakes are on the rise. The plateau mentioned above lake water level monitoring is limited by the size of the ground footprint and the distance interval of the satellite altimetry points. The altimetry point coverage is mainly concentrated in large and medium-sized lakes with a water surface area greater than 10 km2. Less work has been carried out on a relatively large number of small lakes. Sentinel-3 data makes it possible to monitor the water level of small lakes.
|Monitoring land deformation through PSI technique for Einstein Telescope site||University of Cagliari||Italy||The Einstein Telescope (ET) is a proposed underground infrastructure to host a third-generation gravitational-wave [...]||Not yet available|
The Einstein Telescope (ET) is a proposed underground infrastructure to host a third-generation gravitational-wave observatory. There are currently two candidate sites to host it: one is located in Sardinia, in a favourable geological context, and the other is in the Meuse-Rhine Euregion. Site-characterization studies are underway towards the site selection, which is expected in 2024. The research aims to evaluate the sardinian candidate site by integrating remote sensing techniques with geological and geophysical data. In this framework, a fascinating aspect relates to surface deformation evaluation through the PSI technique with SAR data. Recent years’ Sentinel-1 data from the Copernicus program represents a good opportunity to check recent crustal movements: they are supposed to be very little accordingly with a particular Sardinian geological asset. A first analysis has been performed locally at my university workstation with Snap2Stamps methodology: the next step is to expand time series observations and to fix a “zero” for further investigation. Unfortunately, SAR data processing is very expensive in terms of time and resource consumption, so the possibility of using the SNAPPING service is an excellent opportunity to achieve my research scope. My research result will be published in dedicated scientific publications in an open-access format to be directly available to project developers and the scientific community. The impact estimation is very high due to the substantial interest in this strategic project.
|Monitoring land subsidence and its induced risk using advanced InSAR methods||CNR||Italy||To address increasing water demands in expanding metropolises, groundwater resources stored in many aquifers are [...]||Report|
To address increasing water demands in expanding metropolises, groundwater resources stored in many aquifers are overexploited. This process is further exacerbated by climate change and its impacts on the availability of resources. Land subsidence due to aquifer depletion often combines with ground faulting /fracturing and damage to private and public urban infrastructure, including housing, service buildings and transport networks. This project will use long time series of satellite SAR data and advanced multi-temporal InSAR methods to retrieve land subsidence patterns and rates from space, with centimetre to millimetre accuracy. Satellite observations will be combined with ground truth and information on infrastructure and population that could be impacted to estimate the risk posed by differential deformation of the ground surface. The primary source of SAR data will be Sentinel-1, providing weekly temporal coverage since the end of 2014. The processing method will be based on the conventional SBAS InSAR technique by CNR-IREA, parallelised and already integrated into GEP. Integration of the latter with traditional two-pass analysis with SNAP and its derived services SNAC and COIN would also be considered further to enhance the knowledge of the observed ground processes. The main area of interest will encompass major cities of central Mexico (e.g. Mexico City, Aguascalientes, Morelia, Queretaro) and the capital city Rome in Italy.
|Monitoring of Canadian Northern Infrastructure using Deep Learning and||University of Manitoba - Manitoba||Canada||The main objective of this research project is to develop innovative solutions to monitor the structural integrity of [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of this research project is to develop innovative solutions to monitor the structural integrity of existing critical linear infrastructure in northern Canada built on areas with a prominent presence of permafrost. Using satellite data captured over multiple years, we aim to track the localisation of such critical structures over time to estimate their displacement. This information will then be combined with geomechanical models to predict the effects of degrading permafrost. Our chief regions of interest are northern Manitoba and NorthWest Territories because they display a mix of continuous, discontinuous and sporadic permafrost. The first goal is to develop a deep learning-based algorithm for accurately detecting and localising structures such as roads and railway lines from high-resolution optical imagery. Then, based on these detections from historical imagery data, we would quantify the displacements of the structures with the aid of radar imaging, which allows us to measure surface deformations through interferometry techniques such as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The second goal is to develop a prediction model for estimating permafrost degradation due to the correlation between the estimated structure deformation and a geo-mechanical and hydrological model. The proposed research is expected to significantly impact the lives of the aboriginal and northern communities by making them less vulnerable to the harmful effects of climate change. These effects include public health risks, lack of access to transportation infrastructure, housing affectation, diminished food security, and threats of community disruption such as relocation. In addition, the academic community could benefit from the outcome of the algorithms and analytical pipelines developed as part of this research, along with curated data which will be made publicly available to help advance AI research for battling climate change.
|Monitoring of ground displacement in Lisbon area||Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon||Portugal||Ground mass movements are one of the natural hazards that heavily impact our society, and this is particularly true in the [...]||Not yet available|
Ground mass movements are one of the natural hazards that heavily impact our society, and this is particularly true in the Lisbon urban area, primarily due to its topography. The current landslide risk assessment provides only a qualitative picture of the exposure because they rely on indirect susceptibility and triggering factors. Kinematic parameters can be an extraordinary advancement, as they directly monitor the state of the mass movement. Multitemporal Interferometric Techniques are well-established for very slow movements (mm/year). Still, the constellation of the Sentinel-1 mission, with images available every 6 to 12 days, allows determining movements in the mm/week range compatible with landslides and retaining wall movements. The main objective of this project is to detect landslide-prone areas in the Lisbon area using ground displacement and velocity time series, to have early interventions and prevent landslide hazards. To accomplish this objective, five steps will be taken:
|Monitoring of subsidence regions in Mexico||Ntional Institute of Statistics and||Mexico||A few decades ago, the subsidence phenomena were detected in several cities in Mexico (Mexico City, Aguascalientes, Celaya, [...]||Not yet available|
A few decades ago, the subsidence phenomena were detected in several cities in Mexico (Mexico City, Aguascalientes, Celaya, Morelia, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, etcetera). Since 2016, INEGI has been carrying out a project of subsidence detection using Sentinel-1 data and applying PSI methods with SNAP and StaMPS free software. More than 30 subsidence areas have been detected, for which subsidence models were produced applying a procedure based on the experience acquired using the cited software and techniques. Some studied cases have shown time variations in sinking rates and require continuous monitoring. The objective of using Geohazard TEP processing services is to enhance the products of subsidence deformation rates in areas already studied and to detect possible new regions affected by subsidence. The overall objectives of the project are:
|Monitoring reforestation efforts in central Queensland using high resolution imagery||The University of Queensland||Australia||The main objective of this research project is to analyse the ecological rehabilitation progress in a disturbed area by [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of this research project is to analyse the ecological rehabilitation progress in a disturbed area by extractive industries using remote-sensing imagery. This result is expected to give evidence to decision-makers about how vegetation cover develops over time. Since multiple sites were seeded in the area at different years, this study hopes to quantify the trajectory of recovery of these different patches to see the differences between those that achieved a good level of ecological healing and those that faced problems to achieve successful ecological rehabilitation. As a secondary objective, the research pretends to identify with more detail the observable differences between a successful and no successful rehabilitation in the areas seeded with native and grazing vegetation. Given the spectral heterogeneity of ecological components making up the different sites, this goal will provide insights into how high-resolution imagery could be employed to detect metrics such as tree and shrub cover, bare area, grass biomass, and landform design which cannot be detected with low-resolution imagery. Ultimately, this procedure using high-resolution imagery is expected to be used for long-term periods (decadal), reducing the necessity of using the field-based monitoring approach to assess rehabilitation’s success.
|Monitoring the consequences of the war in Ukraine with the help of satellite images||Junior Academy of Sciences of||Ukraine||The Junior Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is a state-funded extracurricular educational system that develops and implements [...]||Not yet available|
The Junior Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is a state-funded extracurricular educational system that develops and implements methods of science education. the Junior Academy of Sciences of Ukraine received the status of Category 2 Science Education Center under the auspices of UNESCO and joined the network of Copernicus Academies. In 2012, a new section, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing of the Earth (RS), was established at the Kyiv branch of the JASU, which is supervised by the GIS and RS Laboratory. Today in Ukraine there is a delicate civil and governmental situation, and high-precision satellite images are important data for monitoring and assessing its status. We are already using Copernicus data that is publicly available, but high-precision satellite imagery will increase the amount of information for students and teachers for identifying the state of civil infrastructure. We have experience in conducting both national and international educational events for students and teachers. We will use this experience for the organization of international webinars.
|MOOC EOODS||Eurac Research||Italy||The Massive Open Online Course - Earth Observation Open Data Science (MOOC EOODS) teaches the concepts of data cubes, cloud [...]||Not yet available|
The Massive Open Online Course – Earth Observation Open Data Science (MOOC EOODS) teaches the concepts of data cubes, cloud platforms and open science in the context of earth observation. Ιt targets Earth Science students and researchers who want to increase their technical capabilities onto the newest standards in ΕΟ computing, as well as Data Scientists who want to dive into the world of ΕΟ and apply their technical background to a new field. Before starting, prerequisites are general knowledge of ΕΟ and python programming. Then, the course explains the concepts of data cubes, ΕΟ cloud platforms and open science by applying them to a typical ΕΟ workflow from data discovery and data processing up to sharing the results in an open and FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) way. An engaging mixture of videos, animated content, lectures, hands-on exercises and quizzes transmits the content. After finishing, the participant will understand the theoretical concepts of cloud-native ΕΟ processing and have gained practical experience by conducting an end-to-end ΕΟ workflow. As a result, the participant will be capable of independently using cloud platforms to approach ΕΟ related research questions and be confident in sharing research by adhering to the concepts of open science.
|National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project||Botswana Wild Bird Trust||Botswana||The National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project (NGOWP) collaborates with the National Geographic Society and its [...]||Not yet available|
The National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project (NGOWP) collaborates with the National Geographic Society and its implementing partner, the Wild Bird Trust. We are working across the Όkavango-Zambezi Water Tower Project Area’ in the Angolan highlands and the Okavango River Basin and catchments of the Kwando River extending across Namibia and into northern Botswana. In addition, we work with local communities to monitor the wetland health of the Okavango Delta World Heritage Site in Botswana. Since 2015 the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project has systematically explored the major rivers that sustain the Okavango delta: Cuito, Cuanavale, Cubango and Cuando. This entailed land-based expeditions to rediscover the river sources in the highlands of Angola, followed by mekoro (traditional dugout canoes) expeditions all the way to the rivers’ ends whilst recording data on biodiversity, ecosystem health and socioeconomics. The team soon recognised the importance of what has now been termed the Okavango-Zambezi Water Tower. Founding principles include upholding traditional knowledge systems and land rights, optimising sustainable traditional and alternative livelihoods, and gathering detailed baseline ecological, biodiversity and socio-economic data to inform conservation decision-making within the Project Area. Our mission is to support the development of a vibrant conservation economy by establishing a network of conservation areas within the Project landscape, including the Okavango-Zambezi Water Tower, which connects the headwaters and source lakes of four major rivers in Angola with the Okavango Delta and the Zambezi River. Intended outcomes include delivering water security, socio-economic development, biodiversity conservation and enhanced climate change resilience.
|Navigation Protection Program (NPP) Automated Scanning Tool (NAST) – Phase||National Research Council of Canada||Canada||Transport Canada's Navigation Protection Program (NPP) is responsible for keeping Canada's navigable waters open for [...]||Not yet available|
Transport Canada’s Navigation Protection Program (NPP) is responsible for keeping Canada’s navigable waters open for transport and recreation. NPP relies on information from public servants, industry and the public to identify and monitor obstructions to navigation (e.g. unauthorized construction activities and wrecked vessels). Major challenges for NPP inspectors include travel, access to sites, systems integration, mapping inspections, and workload. The objectives of the National Research Council’s (NRC) Navigation Protection Program (NPP) Automated Scanning Tool (NAST) – Phase 1 project was to:
|Nomadic pastoralism and the spread of Rift Valley fever disease in Kenya||ESA||Italy||Like most arboviruses, RVF is driven by a complex interaction of mosquito vector populations and vertebrate hosts in [...]||Not yet available|
Like most arboviruses, RVF is driven by a complex interaction of mosquito vector populations and vertebrate hosts in different habitat types under varying environmental conditions. During previous outbreaks, primary key vectors of
|Nowcasting and Disasters||Asian Development Bank||Philippines (The)||Data extraction results will be regularly be posted by our association on our website (currently under development), our [...]||Not yet available|
Data extraction results will be regularly be posted by our association on our website (currently under development), our Instagram and on our university’s private network, and we plan to collaborate with at least another Engineering school to implement our data into AI algorithms to accurately predict natural phenomena. We plan on developing our very own meteorological station based on the data we will extract. Finally, we plan on participating on SentinelHub’s custom script competitions and on those of many other institutions. We believe this makes us a research and educational project which has the potential to reach a large number of beneficiaries.
|Open Earth Monitor & Cyberinfrastructure – Development of ML and in-situ suport for openEO||University of Munster - Institute for Geoinformatics - Spatio - Temporal Modeling Lab||Germany||The project's main objective is to maximise the exploitation of SAR and SARin altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and [...]||Not yet available|
The project’s main objective is to maximise the exploitation of SAR and SARin altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and inland waters by evaluating and implementing new approaches to process SAR and SARin data from CryoSat-2 and SAR altimeter data from Sentinel-3A and Sentinel-38. Specific objectives for each Coastal Zone and Inland Water domain and particular Technical Challenges must be addressed. However, one of the objectives is to link together and better understand the interaction processes between river discharge and coastal sea level. Key outputs are global coastal zone and river discharge datasets and assessments of these products regarding their scientific impact. The first part of the project, which included the definition of the products and assessment of different algorithms, has been performed in-house. For the upcoming phase, the computing resources required for generating and distributing the Global validated Coastal Zone dataset, and Global validated River Discharge data sets that shall be built could benefit from using EarthConsole.
|Open Machine Learning for Earth Observation (ML4EO) in Rwanda||Rwanda Space Agency||Rwanda||On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ implements the project of “FAIR [...]||Not yet available|
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ implements the project of “FAIR Forward – Artificial Intelligence for all”. FAIR Forward strives for an open, inclusive and sustainable approach to AI on an international level. The project’s objective is to augment the prerequisites necessary for local AI development and use across its six partner countries (Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Ghana, Kenya and India). As part of the area of capacity development and removing entry barriers to AI, FAIR Forward has partnered with the Rwanda Space Agency (RSA) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) to sustainably enhance capacity building efforts on Machine Learning for Earth observation (ML4EO) for Rwandan practitioners and support innovative ML4EO applications to address development challenges. Thereby, the program aims to lay the foundations of a prospering ML4EO ecosystem in Rwanda.
|openEO platform||EODC Earth Observation Data Centre for ESA TO||Austria||The goal of the openEO platform project is to develop a cloud-based system for large-scale analysis of Earth observation data [...]||Report|
|OrbitalAI challenge||ESA||Italy||This year, ESA’s next-generation #-sat-2 satellite will deliver a platform for the in-flight uploading, deployment and [...]||Not yet available|
This year, ESA’s next-generation #-sat-2 satellite will deliver a platform for the in-flight uploading, deployment and updating of third-party AI models. In parallel, Microsoft and Thales Alenia Space will demonstrate and validate in-orbit computing technologies and potentialities onboard the International Space Station (ISS) for the mission named IMAGIN-e (ISS Mounted Accessible Global Imaging Nod-e).
|ORCS for RACE||RHEA Group||Italy||ORCS is an application based on Artificial Intelligence aimed to detect features like ships and airplanes over EO optical [...]||Not yet available|
ORCS is an application based on Artificial Intelligence aimed to detect features like ships and airplanes over EO optical currently supporting RACE Project (https://race.esa.int/), a joint initiative between ESA and European Commission for the provisioning of several economic indicators. It has been employed a Faster RCNN architecture due to its capability to provide fast and reliable results in the object and features detection. The activity, started as internal prototype at the very beginning of the 2020 pandemic situation, it has been piloted as in-kind contribution to ESA and since September 2020 it is into operations running within the EDC platform and supporting indeed RACE project.
|ORCS for RACE||RHEA Group||Belgium||ORCS is an application based on Artificial Intelligence aimed to detect features like ships and aeroplanes over EO optical [...]||Not yet available|
ORCS is an application based on Artificial Intelligence aimed to detect features like ships and aeroplanes over EO optical currently supporting RACE Project (https://race.esa.int/), a joint initiative between ESA and the European Commission for the provisioning of several economic indicators. It has employed a Faster RCNN architecture because it can provide fast and reliable results in object and feature detection. The activity started as an internal prototype at the very beginning of the 2020 pandemic situation, and it has been piloted as an in-kind contribution to ESA. Since September 2020, it has been running operations within the EDC platform and supporting the RACE project.
|OVL-NG||OceanDataLab||France||Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully [...]||Not yet available|
Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully exploited but currently underused because their data format, volume and complex geometry constitute a barrier for many users. To help remove this barrier and foster data synergy exploitation, open tools such as the Ocean Virtual Laboratory were developed with ESA support, making data discovery, access and analysis a relatively easy task for science users. The OVL-NG study aims to evolve, maintain and operate the ESA Ocean Virtual Laboratory Next Generation according to user needs. The main technical objectives of this project are to prolong the ESA/Copernicus data visualisation and promotion activities started in OVL and S3VIEW, to improve tools and services based on user feedback and explore ways to enhance the sustainability of these services in the long term. In addition, significant changes are required in the core of the SEAScope application to allow it to stream data from a remote source, such as a Cloud, a DIAS or a data centre. These developments are mandatory to facilitate the visualisation of large quantities of EO data and to make the application more attractive for users who need to explore and analyse these data without downloading complete data sets.
|OVL-NG||OceanDataLab||France||Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully [...]||Report|
Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully exploited but currently underused because their data format, volume and complex geometry constitute a barrier for many users. To help remove this barrier and foster data synergy exploitation, open tools such as the Ocean Virtual Laboratory were developed with ESA support, making data discovery, access and analysis a rather easy task for science users. The aim of the OVL-NG study is to: Evolve, maintain, operate the ESA Ocean Virtual Laboratory Next Generation according to User needs.
|OVL-NG||OceanDataLab||France||Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully [...]||Not yet available|
Earth Observation missions generate a large amount and variety of satellite data, treasure troves waiting to be fully exploited but currently underused because their data format, volume and complex geometry constitute a barrier for many users. To help remove this barrier and foster data synergy exploitation, open tools such as the Ocean Virtual Laboratory were developed with ESA support, making data discovery, access and analysis a relatively easy task for science users. The OVL-NG study aims to evolve, maintain and operate the ESA Ocean Virtual Laboratory Next Generation according to user needs. The main technical objectives of this project are to prolong the ESA/Copernicus data visualisation and promotion activities started in OVL, improve tools and services based on user feedback, and explore ways to enhance the sustainability of these services in the long term. Significant changes are required in the core of the SEAScope application to allow it to stream data from a remote source, such as a Cloud, a DIAS or a data centre. These developments are mandatory to facilitate the visualisation of large quantities of EO data and to make the application more attractive for users who need to explore and analyse these data without downloading complete data sets. The design and implementation of user-requested features will be intertwined with developing these core evolutions to achieve the most satisfactory outcome. The sustainability of existing and upcoming services can be improved by reducing the time required to operate them and by optimising both the usage and cost of the infrastructure resources. A panel of clouds and DIASes will be studied to get a clear view of the offers to host services similar to OVL-NG. The processing system that feeds the online portals will be optimised to consume as few resources as possible, perform more monitoring tasks, and handle minor issues autonomously so that operating the backend of OVL-NG involves fewer human interventions.
|OxEO – EO4SDGs Innovation Accelerator||Oxford Earth Observation Ltd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland (the)||The WFP Innovation Accelerator was launched in 2016 to identify, nurture and scale bold solutions to end hunger globally. The [...]||Not yet available|
The WFP Innovation Accelerator was launched in 2016 to identify, nurture and scale bold solutions to end hunger globally. The Accelerator supports globally WFP internal teams, entrepreneurs, start-ups and NGOs from its base in Munich, Germany, through funding, hands-on support and access to WFP global operations and expert networks. EO & AI for SDGs Innovation Programme enables entrepreneurs and organizations to utilize Earth Observation technologies and Artificial Intelligence to achieve Sustainable Development Goals while striking for financial sustainability, growth, and industry leadership. The pilot project’s goals are twofold; first, the development of a novel hydrological drought index, and second, its comparison to and complementarity with a conventional meteorological drought index for the purposes of anticipatory action in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The hydrological drought index (HDI) will comprise surface water availability, precipitation, and soil moisture measurements, including near-real-time historical measurements and predictions facilitated by rainfall forecasts. The HDI will be compared to meteorological drought indices (MDI) in the target geographies of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The HDI and MDI will be compared for their predictive power of food and hunger proxies: zonal NDVI statistics (10m from Sentinel-2), food market prices, and other food production and security data available from the WFP. The final goal of the pilot project is to develop the market viability of the new HDI.
|Peat’s Sake||Noteworthy||Ireland||I am an investigative reporter with Noteworthy.ie in Ireland and I am currently carrying out an investigation into unlicensed [...]||Not yet available|
I am an investigative reporter with Noteworthy.ie in Ireland and I am currently carrying out an investigation into unlicensed peatland extraction in Ireland. Our investigations are published on our website and simultaneously on TheJournal.ie, the largest native Irish online news outlet with 550,000+ average daily users, aged largely between 24-55, with a 50/50 gender split. As we publish in the English language, we additionally attract a small audience from the US, the UK and beyond who have an interest in Irish and European issues. The main objective of this investigation is to outline the extent of unlicensed peat extraction across the country (historic and present) and key to the investigation is using satellite imagery to visualise/map the changes to peatlands over a series of time.
|PEOPLE-EA||VITO NV||Belgium||The Ecosystem Accounting project (PEOPLE-EA) will study the relevance of Earth Observation for ecosystem accounts in [...]||Not yet available|
The Ecosystem Accounting project (PEOPLE-EA) will study the relevance of Earth Observation for ecosystem accounts in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, and develop, validate and showcase a number of advanced ΕΟ solutions to produce ecosystem accounts, in physical terms, on ecosystem extent, condition and services. The project will contribute to the international collaborative efforts to advance the use of Earth Observation in Ecosystem Accounting (GEO ΕΟ4ΕΑ) and support countries developing their national ecosystem accounting. The team will first comprehensively review the opportunities and challenges to integrating Earth Observation in SEEA compliant national accounting.
|Pioneer Earth Observation Applications for the Environment – Ecosystem Restoration||Hatfield Consultants||Canada||This research is to be completed as part of the ESA Pioneer Earth Observation Applications for the Environment (PEOPLE) [...]||Not yet available|
This research is to be completed as part of the ESA Pioneer Earth Observation Applications for the Environment (PEOPLE) Ecosystem Restoration initiative. The overall technical objective of the project is to develop methods and tools using EO data to support ER efforts based on the needs, opportunities, and challenges, including in disturbed and degraded natural and semi-natural terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems in Europe and internationally. Bringing the user to the data is essential to EO application development initiatives, especially those addressing large areas, extensive time periods, and multi-EO datasets. Furthermore, by using the F-TEP, we are ensuring that algorithms can be accessed and used by Early Adopters – e.g. non-government organizations – and we will demonstrate the value of cloud platforms.
|Plot Delineation||ICRISAT||Senegal||Delineation of agricultural fields is desirable for the operational monitoring of agricultural production and is essential to [...]||Not yet available|
Delineation of agricultural fields is desirable for the operational monitoring of agricultural production and is essential to support food security. However, automated field delineation remains challenging due to the large within-class variance of pixel values and small inter-class differences. Analyzing high spatial resolution Remote Sensing data permits the delineation of farm boundaries. Accurate delineation of farm boundaries is essential for planning and decision-making actions. First, it enables a better estimation of cropland areas, which is critical information for farmers and agricultural managers (e.g., ministries and private sector players). Farmers often use traditional measurement approaches to estimate the area of their farms, which sometimes leads to high under- or over-estimation. Accurate knowledge of farm boundaries (and, therefore, cropland area) will lead to efficient use of farm inputs such as seeds, fertilizers and pesticides. They may also help to optimize harvest logistics. Second, accurate information on farm boundaries can facilitate land registration and subsequent acquisition of land use rights for smallholder farmers (through a land tenure information system). Farmers, communities and the private sector are mostly deterred from investing in land resources due to unclear land use rights in rural areas. Developing an accurate parcel system through high spatial resolution remote sensing data is an essential first step towards creating a land tenure information system and, potentially, a land taxation scheme. Such a system will reduce land-related conflicts and encourage increased investment in agriculture. It can also improve farmer access to inputs and credits. Third, delineating farm field boundaries can improve crop type classification using object-based image analysis (OBIA) procedures.
|PO RIVER INLAND WATER AND COASTAL ZONE (CONTEXT: ESA HYDROCOASTAL project)||Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche -||Italy||HYDROCOASTAL is an ESA project to maximise the exploitation of SAR and SARIn altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and [...]||Not yet available|
HYDROCOASTAL is an ESA project to maximise the exploitation of SAR and SARIn altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and inland waters by evaluating and implementing new approaches to process data from CryoSat-2 and Sentinel-3. In addition, optical data from Sentinel-2 MSI and Sentinel-3 OLCI instruments will also be used in generating River discharge products. The region of interest of this project is the northern Adriatic Sea, especially the drainage basin of the Po river and its coastal zone. During the 2022 spring and summer and the preceding winter, unusual climatic conditions caused a deep river drought, with saltwater intrusion up to 40 km from the mouth of the river. This situation caused significant fish mortality, and, in addition, it is seriously damaging the agricultural economy and daily life of a large part of the country. In this context, the current project addresses the need to obtain a “reference” satellite altimetry dataset produced with advanced algorithm standards (SAMOSA+ IWHR), against which the project results will be compared. Moreover, such a database will supply a sea/inland surface level height database with unprecedented details owing to the high-frequency sampling (80Hz) of inland water at the ESA Altimetry Virtual Lab operated by the EarthConsole.
|Pollution monitoring of Urban water bodies||lndian lnstitute of Science, Bangalore||India||Urban lakes, especially in developing nations like India, are polluted by civic sewerage lines and local municipal body [...]||Not yet available|
Urban lakes, especially in developing nations like India, are polluted by civic sewerage lines and local municipal body garbage dumping. This is a considerable threat to the population’s health as a large population density around the polluted water body leads to diseases, infection, and the groundwater table as the pollutants percolate into the water table. In addition, these lakes are the catchment areas for tributaries of minor rivers used in agricultural activities. Our project aims to detect polluted lake bodies and their tributaries by analyzing high-resolution satellite imagery. The goal is to identify indicators of pollutants and trace the aftected bodies such as major rivers and agricultural lands aftected by this pollution. We plan to use Pleiades’ high-resolution imagery (50cm and 30cm) to identify en-masse:
|Proof of concept: transmission towers motion detection from satellite images||Kincube||France||The project's main results will demonstrate that it is possible to monitor electricity transmission infrastructures on a [...]||Not yet available|
The project’s main results will demonstrate that it is possible to monitor electricity transmission infrastructures on a large scale, thanks to satellite images. More specifically, we will try to detect anomalies in the position or movement of electric transmission towers, using a range of satellite images showing the exact location but separated in time and point of view. Our research will be based on Pleiade Neo image archives.
|Pyrnexat – Space for Sanitation||Woodco Renewable Energy||Ireland||Poor water and sanitation cost the global economy $225bn per year. Return on sanitation investment is difficult to quantify, [...]||Not yet available|
Poor water and sanitation cost the global economy $225bn per year. Return on sanitation investment is difficult to quantify, yet 827k people die yearly due to poor water, sanitation and hygiene. The “Space for Sanitation” project aims to provide a complete sanitation waste treatment solution with smart management platform that will deliver safe and effective sanitation waste treatment with resource recovery and actionable insights relating to the broader sanitation ecosystem. The project will use pyrolysis to treat human waste at the source, neutralising harmful sanitation-related pathogens and recovering valuable byproducts, including thermal and electrical energy and biochar. The smart sanitation management platform harnesses the latest Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies. It incorporates space-based technologies that deliver earth observation, satellite communications, and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) capabilities. The platform will facilitate linking environmental data derived from terrestrial and space-based sensing capabilities to sanitation-related pathogens in waterways and disease incidence in communities. The fundamental goal of the activity is to create value from waste processes and sanitation management data, including the provision of predictive health analytics as the basis of an early warning system for the risk of disease.
|Quantifying high-mountain geohazards||University of Calgary||Canada||With glacier retreat and climate change, high mountain geohazards, including catastrophic landslides and glacial outburst [...]||Not yet available|
With glacier retreat and climate change, high mountain geohazards, including catastrophic landslides and glacial outburst floods, are becoming more common in many mountain ranges around the world. While some of these occur in remote valleys with little downstream impacts, others can be disastrous if they intersect human settlements or infrastructure such as roads or pipelines. For example, in February 2021, a large rock and ice avalanche descended the Ronti Gad and Rishiganga valleys in Uttarakhand, India, destroying two power plants and leaving 200 people dead or missing. I led a large international effort of geoscientists, hazards professionals, remote sensing experts, and social scientists, to understand the geophysical causes of the disaster, and we relied heavily on rapidacquisition, very high-resolution stereo imagery from WorldView, Pleiades, and SkySat to quantify the geomorphic changes caused by the landslide and ensuing debris flow and flood, and to serve as a terrain model on which we ran numerical simulations of the runout. Our first paper (Shugar et al., 2021) was published in Science about five months after the disaster. Similarly, high-resolution topographic data, generated by satellite DEMs or lidar, has been instrumental in understanding other high mountain geohazards. I am involved in other geohazards projects where we are making use of very high-resolution satellite imagery and lidar to quantify massive geomorphic changes. For example, I am building high-resolution DEMs from stereo SkySat and historic air photos to quantify any precursory motion for a landslide onto Canoe Glacier in coastal British Columbia, Canada. The landslide did not kill anyone or destroy infrastructure, but is considered a near-miss, as there is an air strip and access road for a nearby mine, downstream. Like with the Uttarakhand disaster, we are using the DEMs as an input for numerical modeling to determine what might have happened if the landslide was 10% larger, or occurred slightly farther down the valley. In other words, very high-resolution, rapidly acquired satellite data has become a critical part of modern geohazards work. So this proposal requests the ability to acquire high-resolution stereo imagery of geohazards as they develop, and so I cannot provide a specific location of interest. Each disaster is unique, as is the response of governments and international agencies to the event. In some cases, the international scientific community is called on to deliver timely assessments of the ongoing risks, as was the case following Nepal’s Gorkha earthquake, where I was part of a large team delivering evaluations of landslide risk from satellite imagery to agencies including NASA, and the Nepali Army. Aside from reports to organizations such as these, results from the proposed satellite analysis will be as peer-reviewed journal articles.
|Race Dashboard support||RHEA||Italy||The Rapid Action on coronavirus and EO dashboard is a platform that demonstrates how the use of Earth observation data can [...]||Not yet available|
The Rapid Action on coronavirus and EO dashboard is a platform that demonstrates how the use of Earth observation data can help shed new light on societal and economic changes currently taking place owing to the coronavirus pandemic. Across all European countries and ESA Member States, the dashboard showcases examples of how different analyses over a wide range of Earth observation data coming from the Copernicus Sentinels and Third Party Missions, as well as groundbased observations and advanced numerical models via the Copernicus Services can illustrate these socio-economic and environmental changes. The dashboard not only captures the effects of the lockdown, but also shows how Europe is beginning its recovery and is relaunching a number of activities. In this framework PLES is in charge of keeping coordinate and consolidate the data indicators of the Dashboard and in this activity the Truck Detection indicator need to be updated to allow a more complete and explanantory effect of the pandemic impact on the commercial activities thought the monitoring of trucks traffic and made avaialbe on the dashboard the most recent and complete information regardig this indicator.
|RANGELAND MONITORING FOR AFRICA USING EARTH OBSERVATION – CONTINENTAL DEMONSTRATION (RAMONA)||Aarhus University||Denmark||The project's primary objective is to develop and implement a prototype for an EO-based rangeland monitoring system at a [...]||Not yet available|
The project’s primary objective is to develop and implement a prototype for an EO-based rangeland monitoring system at a continental scale for Africa. It will be based on the synergetic utilization of Sentinel-1 SAR, Sentinel-2, and Sentinel-3 multi-spectral data and shall cover the entire continent at 10m spatial resolution. This EO-based rangeland monitoring system aims to implement tailored algorithms within an end-to-end analysis and production workflow (ranging from data access and analysis to product generation, validation, and dissemination) that facilitates the routine (i.e., annual/seasonal/monthly), synoptic (i.e., a continental scale for Africa) and high-resolution (i.e., 10m) EO-based monitoring of rangeland systems. In addition, this project aims to develop and generate a suite of dedicated higher-level information products such as the spatial and temporal extent of rangeland and relevant land cover types, herbaceous biomass availability, carrying capacity, etc. Furthermore, the rangeland monitoring system is exceptionally user-driven, with priority given to direct response to the requirements and information needs of the key users. It builds upon and exploits the current observational capacity offered by the Copernicus Sentinel missions and will develop innovative and scientifically accurate products directly relevant to rangeland monitoring. The products will enable further application and services to build on top of them that can be utilized by a broad range of actors who expresses an interest in rangelands, from continental to local scales. The project further focuses on capacity development and knowledge transfer to organizations and actors in Africa to enable the operational production of the developed products after the completion of the project activity.
|Rapid Mapping of Conflict Damage to Civilian Structures in Ukraine||Pennsylvanian State University||United States Of America (The)||This project aims to create a viable methodology for rapidly mapping damage to civilian structures using object-based image [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims to create a viable methodology for rapidly mapping damage to civilian structures using object-based image analysis (OBIA), a technically sophisticated approach for semi-automated, supervised classification of higher-resolution imagery. Preliminary work for this project was already underway in February 2022, looking at a different area of interest. It is well documented that remote sensing can play a vital role in making damages visible to the world and helping government and non-government organizations develop effective plans for damage mitigation and reconstruction. However, documenting and analyzing damage using traditional remote sensing and image interpretation methods would be extremely time-consuming and highly resource intensive. Therefore, we propose a rapid, semi-automated approach to civilian damage analysis using object-based image interpretation (OBIA) to produce viable results quickly. The results will be in the form of sample damage classification maps and will be presented in the form of a working paper.
|RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CLIMATE CHANGE, PERMAFROST AND ECOSYSTEMS IN ALPINE PERIGLACIAL, PROGLACIAL AND GLACIAL ENVIRONMENTS||Insubria university and IUSS pavia||Italy||The project focuses on sustainable development goals and climate action. The project's primary focus is on SDG 13, which [...]||Not yet available|
The project focuses on sustainable development goals and climate action. The project’s primary focus is on SDG 13, which focuses on climate action. With the global temperatures rising and changing climate cryosphere is one of the severely affected ecosystems. The Permafrost layer is one such feature within the cryosphere that hardly reacts to climate change, releasing greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. The part of the permafrost layer that freezes and thaws is called the active layer. The project focuses on the depth of the active layer and GHG emissions from it. The project will focus on how the active layer thickness in permafrost varies with temperature increase and, the variables affecting the rapid growth in thickness and estimating greenhouse gases emitted from this layer, what environmental and climatic variables affect these emissions. Initially, all the parameters affecting the increase in depth of the active layer will be generated or gathered as a first product of satellite imagery or as an end product. Then, the most influential factors within these variables will be estimated using their relationships. Finally, sensitivity analysis will be run with these significant parameters to capture the actual change in active layer thickness. The results will be seasonal dynamic layer maps depicting their changing depths with temperature changes and factors affecting them. Secondly, capturing the changes in methane and carbon-dioxide emissions with the varying thawing depth of active layer thickness along with organic matter content, type of litter, vegetation and microbes type. This project will help understand the contributing factors affecting the deepening of the active layer in permafrost and the abrupt emissions of greenhouse gases.
|REMOTE SENSING DEVELOPMENT SKILLS AND RESEARCH OF CRITICAL HIGH RISK AREAS IN LATIN AMERICA (COLOMBIA)||Entrepreneur||Spain||The main objective of this project is to apply multi-temporal techniques processing of satellite radar interferometry with [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of this project is to apply multi-temporal techniques processing of satellite radar interferometry with available radar images to monitor the ground deformation of different regions in Colombia affected by landslides, subsidences for Groundwater withdrawal, and deformation of volcanoes, among others. Most have been documented, and others have not. With these techniques, the average deformation velocity map for the most recent period will be obtained using Sentinel-1 data and a time series analysis with the spatiotemporal evolution in all the analysis zones. Unfortunately, as of today, there is not much information in Colombia documenting the new techniques for monitoring natural disaster risks. Moreover, for anyone wishing to carry out scientific research, the existing data is not easily accessible.
|RoadSense||Digital Lights||Bulgaria||RoadSense is an AI-based solution enabling safer mobility by providing drivers with real-time safety-relevant data. Drivers [...]||Not yet available|
RoadSense is an AI-based solution enabling safer mobility by providing drivers with real-time safety-relevant data. Drivers get near real-time alerts for hazardous scenarios like accidents, aquaplaning, sudden brakes/stopping of vehicles ahead, airbag opening and other safety-relevant events. At the same time, each driver automatically shares vehicle data to inform other drivers about potentially dangerous situations. The in situ data is further enhanced by state-of-the-art machine learning models that analyse space images of the road infrastructure and provide critical road quality information and potentially dangerous road areas. The models are the key feature distinguishing our product from other traffic applications – they are the only way to perform on-demand road quality analysis automatically.
|Rural Areas Eco-Green Sustainable Development Plan on Wates, Blitar Region, East Java Province, Indonesia||P3MD||Indonesia||This project aims at helping remote rural residents to plan their regional development. In addition, the idea is to provide [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims at helping remote rural residents to plan their regional development. In addition, the idea is to provide them with auxiliary and comparison data as per their problems and resources.
|SAR Method Development for urban land subsidence||University of Twente||Netherlands (the)||The urban environment is defined as the specific characteristics or features of cities. To be more concrete, the urban [...]||Not yet available|
The urban environment is defined as the specific characteristics or features of cities. To be more concrete, the urban environment can be described by the urban physical environment, which is related to the built environment, geological, and local climate conditions. Recently, hazards in urban areas, especially anthropogenic subsidence, directly caused damage to the built environment. Such anthropogenic subsidence is often in response to human activities like groundwater extraction, geothermal fluids, oil, gas, coal and other solids through mining. The subsidence has a potential risk to the people’s property. It can cause damage to urban infrastructures, e.g., buildings, highways, airports, subways, and other ground facilities. The interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) technique is an efficient way to monitor the kinematic evolution of ground surface at millimetre precision. It is proved to be successful through a mass of subsidence monitoring case studies. However, how to systematically monitor the deformation in the urban environment is still on the way. This work attempts to seek for optimal and pragmatic solutions to overcome the current limitations addressed as follows. First, even with abundant SAR images, the development of automatic deformation detection methods in urban environments is still at an early stage. We plan to use SAR images in large numbers to detect the deformation automatically. Secondly, the urban interior spatial structure and utilization type can facilitate classifying the city into different risk levels under subsidence hazard. We then plan to explore its use in SAR method development maximally. Thirdly, as for the high-rise building area, irregular changes per individual building may lead to severe structural health problems. However, current SAR methods with a single viewing geometry can not suffice the need to obtain reliable measurements over the high-rise building area. Therefore, we resort to TomoSAR and develop a method to integrate InSAR and TomoSAR. Fourthly, when having information on local deformations and the associated damages, we need to focus on restoring and recovering the urban environment. But how to analyze urban resilience based on InSAR time series measurements is inadequate. Then, we plan to utilize the damage level table to transform quantitative InSAR measurement results into qualitative urban resilience analysis.
|SARWAVE (phase 1/3)||ISARDSAT||Spain||The main objective of this study is the development of a suite of retrieval methodologies to derive ocean geophysical [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of this study is the development of a suite of retrieval methodologies to derive ocean geophysical parameters from Sentinel-1 (S-1) SAR data, more specifically Wave-related parameters (Sea State) retrieval from S-1 Interferometric Wide Swath (IWS) TOPS observations.
|SARWAVE (phase 2/3)||ISARDSAT||Spain||The main objective of this study is the development of a suite of retrieval methodologies to derive ocean geophysical [...]||Not yet available|
The main objective of this study is the development of a suite of retrieval methodologies to derive ocean geophysical parameters from Sentinel-1 (S-1) SAR data, more specifically, Wave-related parameters (Sea State) retrieval from S-1 Interferometric Wide Swath (IWS) TOPS observations.
|Satellite Altimetry for in Land Water in Malaysia||University Technology Malaysia||Malaysia||For a sustainable dam management, information such as lake levels are essential to understand the impact of climate change [...]||Not yet available|
For a sustainable dam management, information such as lake levels are essential to understand the impact of climate change and extreme weather. Lake level is a key hydrological parameter, which is sensitive to both regional and climate variations, human disturbances and lake bathymetry changes. Water-level changes in lakes were traditionally derived from gauge data. While gauging stations can provide accurate water-level observations, only limited gauged water-level measurements are available in remote areas, such as in Temenggor Lake, Chenderoh and Kenyir lakes in Malaysia. Temenggor lake; located at Royal Belum Forest, is the second largest dam in Malaysia supplying water for domestic use since 1999. Under the tropical climate conditions, the reservoir area is affected by the seasonal climate condition resulting in declining dam water level during hot season, and flooding during wet season. The technology of satellite altimetry has been widely used for monitoring inland waters for more than 30 years, however, such study has yet to be conducted in Malaysia due to its’ relatively small size of lakes/rivers. Taking advantage to the recent and advanced technology of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) altimetry, the proposed project will exploit the high resolution and accurate lake level data from the Sentinel-3A satellite for forecasting the lake levels, which can help to evaluate the impact of climate change on regional water resources. This project is related to the United Nation Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation, goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, and goal 14: Life below Water. Objectives of Project:
|satellite data for higher food security||self-employed||Viet Nam||Our project aims to use satellite data for crop mapping based on web and Image processing technologies. These maps can [...]||Not yet available|
Our project aims to use satellite data for crop mapping based on web and Image processing technologies. These maps can provide valuable evidence for controlling and managing requirements for the agriculture sector. As the agriculture sector is a fundamental section of any country, we predict that various groups can benefit from this application. Before getting to these groups one by one, we prefer to magnify that the service can be presented in two ways: mobile and web. The first target is farmers. It can benefit them In several ways. The farmers can get this information from their mobile phones on the field using the mobile-based version of the service. They can also save time tracking all the field activities with the Field activity log tool, which can be added to the service. We can match farmers to scouts, so it will be possible to save time and money by sending scouts directly to problematic zones detected using our satellite data service. The Second is suppliers. They have several advantages, including increased sales with reliable actionable intuitions from the customer’s field data. But the general Beneficiary of this application would be the whole of society. We will try to provide ready-to-use information based on satellite image analysis to our target groups.
|Satellite tracking waterbird movements||CSIRO||Australia||This project aims at satellite-tracking the movements of waterbirds and using the results to create models and visualizations [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims at satellite-tracking the movements of waterbirds and using the results to create models and visualizations to inform a better scientific understanding of waterbird ecology and requirements and recommendations for better water and wetlands management to support these species and their habitats. Waterbird diversity, populations, breeding, foraging and refuge sites are managed through decisions affecting water, habitat and other pressures by the Federal Government. While increasing waterbird populations and maintaining waterbird diversity are essential targets for water management and policy in Australia, long-term knowledge gaps exist that affect our ability to manage water and wetlands for waterbird populations at appropriate scales. Broadly, these can be summarised as follows:
|Scientific Environment Management||PLES - Solenix||Italy||SentinelHub has been a central piece of our work as it allows us to gather a great amount of information about our most [...]||Not yet available|
SentinelHub has been a central piece of our work as it allows us to gather a great amount of information about our most valuable study subject: the Earth. So far, our case studies have included the observation the raise of ocean water levels, the deforestation around the South-West Amazon forest for the development of agriculture and many others.
|Sea Surface Monitoring||CAMERI||Israel||One of the main goals is to develop methodologies based on data-based scientific instruments for monitoring the parameters of [...]||Not yet available|
One of the main goals is to develop methodologies based on data-based scientific instruments for monitoring the parameters of the sea surface of the territory of the economic waters of Israel. Research developments mainly focus on monitoring marine pollution by various substances, etc. The beneficiaries of these studies will be Israel and the countries surrounding: Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus, and Greece. The research objectives are developing spectral indexes for monitoring the state of the seawater surface and validation technologies. Moreover, the implementation also implies the development of validation methods based on satellite images of other platforms, including commercial ones. Perhaps a model will be developed to propagate and predict future changes based on existing models or the development of new ones. We are interested in models that can provide predictions in both horizontal and vertical rock, as well as time. After a certain period of work on projects, it will also be possible to create a database of various changes occurring on the surface of the water, indicating multiple hot spots in the sea (according to a specific phenomenon).
|SeasFire||National Observatory of Athens||Greece||In SeasFire, we aspire to answer three crucial scientific questions: |
1. What is the spatiotemporal contribution of the [...]
|Not yet available|
In SeasFire, we aspire to answer three crucial scientific questions:
|Seasonal Flooding Extent and Duration on Waterfowl and Shorebird Use in Owens Valley California, USA||Inyo County Water Department||United States of America (the)||The project's objectives are to map the flooded extent of migratory waterfowl and shorebird habitat in Owens Valley, CA, [...]||Not yet available|
The project’s objectives are to map the flooded extent of migratory waterfowl and shorebird habitat in Owens Valley, CA, USA.
|Seismogenic faults investigation and monitoring||CNR-IRPI||Italy||The use case can contribute to better characterizing the current deformation field of the Gorzano fault, which is part of [...]||Not yet available|
The use case can contribute to better characterizing the current deformation field of the Gorzano fault, which is part of the complex extensional fault system of the Italian Apennines. The central Apennines is one of the most seismically active areas in Italy. The seismic sequences that recently affected the central Apennines (2009, L’Aquila, and 2016 Umbria-Marche) have shown the surface effects of the extensional strain and confirmed the high level of seismic risk in the area. In particular, the 2009, Mw 6.3, L’Aquila earthquake was caused by the reactivation of the NW-SE trending Paganica normal fault, while the 2016 Central Italy activity, started with a Mw 6.0 Accumoli event and climaxed with the 6.5 Norcia mainshock, was mainly generated on the Vettore – Bove fault but also activated the northern section of the Gorzano Faults. The Gorzano fault is a 27 km-long extensional structure located in between the Vettore-Bove and Paganica faults. On the ground of its dimensions and the paleo-seismological data, it has the potential to release earthquakes up to Mw 6.7- 6.8. It is interpreted as the source of numerous recent moderate magnitude events (09 April 2006, Mw 5.2; 24 August 2016 Mw 6.0; 17 January 2017 Mw 5.3, Mw 5.5, Mw 5.3, and Mw 5.1) whose cumulate seismic moments are estimated to have lowered by only a few tenths degree of magnitude the seismogenic potential of the fault. For this reason, the complete reactivation Gorzano Fault is one of
|Sen2Like Data Cube||Telespazio France||France||Objectives of the project is to develop services based on Sen2Like Analysis Ready Data products. The Sen2Like s/w is a [...]||Not yet available|
Objectives of the project is to develop services based on Sen2Like Analysis Ready Data products. The Sen2Like s/w is a processing s/w considered as pre operational processor. The provision of data cube in a timely manner and access to large dataset are issues preventing full developpment/promotion of land mapping services in particular multi temporal change detection analysis.
|Sen2Like integration in EarthConsole P-PRO||Serco for ESA||Italy||Harmonise and Fuse Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8/9 data in order to generate L2H and L2F products.||Not yet available|
Harmonise and Fuse Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8/9 data in order to generate L2H and L2F products.
|Senaku Islands high-resolution satellite imagery assessment of short-tailed albatross||Oregon State University||United States of America (the)||Short-tailed albatrosses were once the most abundant in the North Pacific before commercial hunting in the early 20th century [...]||Not yet available|
Short-tailed albatrosses were once the most abundant in the North Pacific before commercial hunting in the early 20th century reduced numbers to near extinction. Currently, nesting colonies with more than 50 individuals occur at only two sites. The colony on the Senkaku Islands, with up to 20 per cent of the breeding population, is currently inaccessible. Confirmation of population size and trends are necessary to inform reclassification for downlisting and eventual delisting under the United States Endangered Species Act.
|Sentinel-1 for Science Amazonas||GISAT s.r.o.||Czechia||The dense spatial and temporal coverage of the Amazon basin with Sentinel-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar scenes has opened the [...]||Not yet available|
The dense spatial and temporal coverage of the Amazon basin with Sentinel-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar scenes has opened the vast potential for capturing the complexity of tropical forest loss and regrowth. Sentinel-1 for Science Amazonas project aims to:
|Servidor de Datos Geográficos para Magallania||FTR Consultora SpA||Chile||The project is focused on deploy geographic and geoespatial data about the Magallenian area (Argentina and Chilean). We will [...]||Not yet available|
The project is focused on deploy geographic and geoespatial data about the Magallenian area (Argentina and Chilean). We will build a web server for cartographic data and we need satellites data to complement and prepare ourdata frames. Mainly for climatic, environment and public and natural hazards.
|SIAMaaS||Spatial Services GmbH||Austria||The ESA InCubed funded project SIAMaaS (SIAM as a Service) aims to automatically transforms Sentinel-2 imagery into [...]||Not yet available|
The ESA InCubed funded project SIAMaaS (SIAM as a Service) aims to automatically transforms Sentinel-2 imagery into transferable, actionable spectral categories in near real time and enables anyone to obtain application independent information layers globally without expert knowledge/skills. Existing approaches to automatically convert Sentinel-2 data into reliable information have limitations (e.g. area-, application-specific, require samples).
|Small-scale crop farm mapping in Kenya||Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology||Kenya||The research is aimed at mapping of small-scale crop farming in Kenya, with the goal of providing farmers and policy makers [...]||Not yet available|
The research is aimed at mapping of small-scale crop farming in Kenya, with the goal of providing farmers and policy makers with information on cropland area, crop type and crop status. A prototype mobile application will be developed to allow stakeholders to quickly view information pertaining to their area of interest.
|Smart Farming||Fachhochschule Wiener Neustadt - Campus Francisco Josephinum||Austria||The project aims to teach bachelor students the usage and benefits of satellite data in agriculture. The students will be [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to teach bachelor students the usage and benefits of satellite data in agriculture. The students will be able to request data from predefined fields over many seasons via the sentinelhub python API, calculate different vegetation indices, and do simple statistical analysis with python. The main goal is that future agriculturists and engineers can work with the original sentinelhub platform. In perspective, students will work for well-known companies like producers of agricultural machinery or software companies. Their experience in the python API for sentinel products will increase the acceptance of these companies to work with those data, generating many potential customers for the sentinelhub API. Also, the machine learning part of the course will help to prove that the sentinelhub API is superior to other detailed programs.
|SMOS ECMWF processing campaign in EarthConsole||ESA/ESRIN||Italy||This project aims at generating SMOS auxiliary data files under different configurations and input files of ECMWF [...]||Not yet available|
This project aims at generating SMOS auxiliary data files under different configurations and input files of ECMWF pre-processor in EarthConsole.
|Snow-coverage Modeling, Inversion and Validation using multi-mission multi-frequency Interferometric SAR in central Apennine (SMIVIA)||Sapienza - University of Rome||Italy||"Snow Coverage Map (SCM), Snow Pack Depth (SPD) and Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) are essential geometric and microphysical [...]||Not yet available|
“Snow Coverage Map (SCM), Snow Pack Depth (SPD) and Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) are essential geometric and microphysical properties of snow accumulated during the winter seasons of the terrestrial planet. These parameters are used for various applications, for example, in hydrological modeling for snow melt flow simulations, in civil protection for avalanche warning in mountainous areas, in water resource management to estimate the capacity of groundwater and in cryospheric monitoring to evaluate the seasonal mass balance of glaciers. However, an accurate largescale and high spatial resolution estimation of the snow parameters SCM, SPD and SWE is still an open problem due to the significant influence of the hydrometeorological conditions present in the area of interest and the impossibility of carrying out in situ measurements. The aims of the proposed research project are:
|Soil Moisture Content Prediction||GTI International||Mauritiana||Objectives of the projects include the Soil Moisture content prediction (Machine Learning approach) using the NDVI calculated [...]||Report|
Objectives of the projects include the Soil Moisture content prediction (Machine Learning approach) using the NDVI calculated with Sentinel-2 data with the purpose of estimating wildfires risk using soil moisture content prediction.
|Sowing date estimation at field scaled using unsupervised change detection||French National Research Institute in||France||Sowing dates majorly influence crop yields, as they determine the environmental conditions to which the plants will be [...]||Not yet available|
Sowing dates majorly influence crop yields, as they determine the environmental conditions to which the plants will be subjected. They are also an essential input variable for yield prediction models and their large-scale deployment at the farm plot level. Despite their importance, comprehensive data on sowing dates are currently scarce and often only available as general estimates at the departmental level in developed countries. Obtaining continuous sowing dates at the field level is costly, time-consuming, and subject to human error. They are even more inaccessible for small farms in developing countries.
|Space Data/SpaceLearn||IPSA Toulouse||France||We have been using SentinelHub as part of our project for a few months now, extracting data from space and earth observation [...]||Not yet available|
We have been using SentinelHub as part of our project for a few months now, extracting data from space and earth observation satellites and putting them to use in the benefit of ‘business for good’. In addition to the data extraction, we’re building an education platform to get more people into space and data science, and to guide the younger generations that wish to take on our career path. So far, SentinelHub has helped us create concrete examples of data extraction in earth observation, which has interested more people and has gotten our project more attention. Our platform, SpaceLearn uses examples we’ve extracted ourselves from observation satellites such as Sentinel, Kepler or Copernicus and applies them to interactive lessons about astrophysics, meteorology, ecological concerns and invites them to take part in our participativeresearch project, where all people can help us detect exoplanets.
|Space for Sustainable Finance||Thales Alenia Space||France||One of the biggest challenges facing asset managers today is the need to accurately measure the environmental impact of the [...]||Not yet available|
One of the biggest challenges facing asset managers today is the need to accurately measure the environmental impact of the assets (industries, natural resources, energy, infrastructures, …) in which they invest. Although, traditionally, this has been a difficult task, as there hasn’t been a reliable, standardised way to collect and analyse data related to environmental impact, today, these are mainly self assessed data. We propose to answer the problem of missing, erroneous, heterogeneous and country dependent data by providing a first set of ESG data dedicated to the environmental impact assessment of investment portfolios. Our project aims to measure the impact of companies on the environment, specifically on land use and biodiversity topics, based on the analysis of satellite images time series using artificial intelligence algorithms. This analysis will bring insights into the companies’ environmental footprint through specific KPIs.
|Space4Energy||Science Park Graz GmbH||Austria||The project aims to use cloud services to organise the Space4Eergy Hackathon 20222. Building on its experience and expertise [...]||Not yet available|
The project aims to use cloud services to organise the Space4Eergy Hackathon 20222. Building on its experience and expertise in the organisation of Space Hackathons (Copernicus Hackathon Graz 2020, GALACTICA Hackathons 2021), Science Park Graz (SPG) / ESA Space Solutions Austria hereby proposes to partner with BMK and the Green Energy Lab (GEL) to organise the Space4Energy Hackathon 2022.
|Space4Nature||University of Surrey||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)||The UK is among the most nature-depleted countries in the world, and biodiversity is declining worldwide. These issues have [...]||Not yet available|
The UK is among the most nature-depleted countries in the world, and biodiversity is declining worldwide. These issues have been emphasised by the research and policy communities and debated at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, which released the Global Biodiversity Framework. It covers four goals and 23 targets that aim to protect and conserve the planet’s land, oceans, coastal areas, and inland waters, through effective management actions for habitat restoration and recovery whilst addressing food security and livelihoods, all to be achieved by 2030. Likewise, the UK Environment Act 2021 approach enforces better environmental protection into law, enabling the government with powers to set new binding targets, including Nature Recovery Networks (NRN). NRN brings together partners, legislation and funding to enhance England’s wildlife richness. Therefore, the PPL Dream Fund supported Space4Nature (S4N) project (2022 – 2025) addresses these initiatives via restoring nature and connecting fragmented habitats, initially in the county of Surrey and potentially much more widely. S4N is a collaboration between the University of Surrey, Surrey Wildlife Trust, Buglife and the Painshill Park Trust. The project combines local conservation and land management knowledge and citizen science engagement with VHR satellite data and drones to give a detailed, timely understanding of the habitat quality and quantity conditions for local biodiversity. This knowledge, particularly the VHR data’s ability to encompass potentially large areas in increasing detail, provides exceptional insights for the effective design of habitat restoration, maintenance of current habitat, and natural recovery design for ecological connectivity. The results of this study will benefit Surrey Wildlife Trust’s ecological activities in Surrey County.
|Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Interferometric Radar Altimeter High-Precision||Institute of Remote Sensing, Chinese||China||The study uses SAR data to develop a new method to improve the depth measurement accuracy of small lakes in the Tibet [...]||Not yet available|
The study uses SAR data to develop a new method to improve the depth measurement accuracy of small lakes in the Tibet Plateau. For the analysis of the re-tracking algorithm, the surface height provided in the SARin data Level-2 product of Cryosat-2 is obtained by fitting the Wingham/Wallis model to the waveform data in L1b. However, if there are multiple distinguishable peaks in the echo waveform, this method is prone to false tracking so that the wrong water level can be calculated. In recent years, some scholars have proposed new and Improved algorithms. Among them, when the L1b waveform is not classified, the MwaPP algorithm has the best effect; otherwise, SAMOSA3 is the best. NPPTR and Envisat ICE-1 performed better, but a new robust algorithm was incorporated into this study. For the research on the water level anomaly removal method, Nielsen et al. and Jiang et al. used the technique based on the mixture distribution of Gaussian distribution and Cauchy distribution to calculate the average water level along the track, which significantly reduced the extreme observation value to the mean value.