Many issues are addressed on a regional basis. Particular examples include environmental protection, climate adaptation and resilience, security and stability issues, infrastructure development and optimization.
Within Europe, a number of regional collaboration frameworks exist, including regional environmental protection and management agreements, regional security cooperation fora and regional scientific programmes. In addition, for many regions in Europe a dedicated strategy has been developed and agreed in cooperation with the European Commission. These address environmental issues, socio-economic issues and sustainable development in the Alps, the Black Sea, the Danube, the Baltic and the Atlantic region.