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SMOS+ Rainfall

CNRS, DELEGATION REGIONALE ALPES (FR)

Summary

Quantitative precipitation estimate is one vital input to meteorologists, hydrologic scientists, water resources managers, and environmental legislators. Yet, accurate measurement of precipitation over the relevant space and time scales remains a challenge. Soil moisture can be seen as the trace of the precipitation and, consequently, can be useful for providing a way to estimate rainfall accumulation or at least a new constrain to rainfall algorithms.
In this context, the objective of the ‘SMOS+RAINFALL’ project is to ingest satellite soil moisture information derived from ASCATSMOS and SMAP into the latest state-of-the-art satellite precipitation products like those derived from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission (GPM) to enhance rainfall observation accuracy over land.

Two main approaches are considered in the project: 1) the Soil Moisture to Rain (SM2RAIN) approach which retrieves rainfall information from satellite soil moisture by inverting the soil water balance equation and then merge it with the Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) Early Run version via an Optimal Linear Interpolation approach and 2) Precipitation Inferred from Soil Moisture (PrISM) approach which is based on a particle filter data assimilation.

Key features
  1. Potentially availability of enhanced rainfall observations in near real time with a latency of about 1 to 3 days
  2. No use of ground-based observations which over data scarce regions can be very uncertain due to interpolation errors.
  3. Use complementary microwave-based satellite soil moisture observations as to obtain always best rainfall correction in space and time.

Results

Information

Website
https://www.esasmosrainfall.org/
Domain
Science
Prime contractor
CNRS, DELEGATION REGIONALE ALPES (FR)
Subcontractors
  • CNR-RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR GEO-HYDROLOGICAL PROTECTION – IRPI (IT)
  • UNIVERSITE TOULOUSE III – PAUL SABATIER (FR)