SATELLITE OCEANOGRAPHIC CONSULTANTS LTD. (GB)
HYDROCOASTAL is a project aimed at maximising the exploitation of SAR and SARIn altimeter measurements in the coastal zone and inland waters, by evaluating and implementing new approaches to process data from CryoSat-2 and Sentinel-3. Optical data from Sentinel-2 MSI and Sentinel-3 OLCI instruments will also be used in generating River Discharge products.
New SAR and SARIn processing algorithms for the coastal zone and inland waters will be developed, implemented and evaluated through an initial Test Data Set for selected regions. From the results of this evaluation a processing scheme will be implemented to generate global coastal zone and river discharge data sets. Case studies will assess these products in terms of their scientific impacts. All the produced data sets will be available on request to external researchers, and full descriptions of the processing algorithms will be provided.
What are the specific science and technical focuses?
The scientific objectives of HYDROCOASTAL are to enhance our understanding of interactions between inland water and coastal zone, between coastal zone and open ocean, and small-scale processes that govern these interactions. Also the project aims to improve our capability to characterise the variation at different time scales of inland water storage, exchanges with the ocean and the impact on regional sea level changes.
The technical objectives are to develop and evaluate new SAR and SARIn altimetry processing techniques in support of the scientific objectives, including stack processing, filtering and retracking. Also an improved Wet Troposphere Correction will be developed and evaluated.
Associated user needs, applications, and issues
The potential benefits of global data sets will be investigated through a series of impact assessment case studies in the second year of the project. Case studies will consider different estuaries and coastal regions including the Bristol Channel (UK), the German Bight and South-Western Baltic Sea, the Venice Lagoon, the Thailand Coast, and the Ebro River and Delta. They each exhibit specific features, but common across the locations are flooding and erosion, sedimentation, the importance of accurate high resolution local modelling, the vulnerability of coastal habitats, the connection between river discharge and coastal sea levels. Inland Water Case Studies will consider selected river systems in China to investigate the potential to develop operational hydrological forecasting, lakes and rivers in Siberia and Ireland to investigate the impacts of lake size and riverbank configuration on the accuracy of water level retrievals, to quantify the fresh water inflow to the Wadden Sea, and to develop a global water level climatology.
Who are the End Users that have been or will be engaged?
The project team includes key experts in the use of satellite data in coastal zone and inland water studies. External end-users will be encouraged and supported in accessing the data products to evaluate and implement them in their own applications.
Proposed solutions, outputs and products
Outputs and products that will be publicly available include:-
A final scientific roadmap with recommendations for further development of processing algorithms, for further SAR and SARin altimeter missions, and priorities for further scientific research in the coastal zone and inland waters.
As well as altimeter data from Sentinel-3A and -3B, and from CryoSat, HYDROCOASTAL will require data from Sentinel-1 (river mask, coastline), Sentinel-2 (MSI) and Sentinel-3 (OLCI, SLSTR).
What and where are the gaps in existing capability?
Previous projects and initiatives, most recently the ESA SCOOP (http://www.satoc.eu/projects/SCOOP) and SHAPE projects (http://projects.alongtrack.com/shape) have worked separately to develop and implement improved processing schemes for inland water and coastal domains, but HYDROCOASTAL is the first project aiming to consider them together in synergy. The junction between the Coastal Zone and Inland Water provides a challenge to researchers as it represents a boundary between different science domains (hydrology and oceanography), and different satellite measurement regimes. It is also a region of high variability in small spatial and temporal scales, pushing to the limit the ability of satellite data in terms of sampling and providing accurate measurements.
Tools, Services, Software, or Portals needed
Websites and tools that will be used by HYDROCOASTAL include:
Data and satellite information resources
Inland Water data and information sites
Related Project Websites
What specific technical Tasks need to be done?
There are four tasks to the project:-
Observation of the Coastal Areas, Estuaries and Deltas from Space
Surveys in Geophysics (2023)
Revisiting Vertical Land Motion and Sea Level Trends in the Northeastern Adriatic Sea Using Satellite Altimetry and Tide Gauge Data
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (2020)
River Flow Monitoring by Sentinel-3 OLCI and MODIS: Comparison and Combination
Remote Sensing (2020)
On the role of the troposphere in satellite altimetry
Remote Sensing of Environment (2020)